Impact of Personalized Feedback Alone on Substance Use Behaviors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Missouri, St. Louis
Missouri Institute of Mental Health
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Missouri-Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01501318
First received: December 23, 2011
Last updated: January 14, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Screening and brief intervention (SBIRT) generally involves universal screening for risky substance use behaviors in medical settings and the immediate provision of a 3-15 minute intervention to those found to be at risk. In this pilot study, we seek to develop a more efficient and effective approach to providing brief behavioral health interventions in the field by comparing a brief coach directed intervention to a tailored report only group. The goal is to create a cost-effective and sustainable system that provides consumers with tailored information that will help them both initiate and sustain the lifestyle changes necessary for improving their overall health.

Hypothesis 1: In a medical setting, personalized feedback alone will be associated with a reduction in risky substance use behaviors.

Hypothesis 2: In a medical setting, personalized feedback alone will have the same impact on behavior as that information plus a brief coach education session on risky substance use behaviors.


Condition Intervention
Risky Alcohol and Other Substance Use Patterns
Behavioral: Personalized feedback report
Behavioral: Personalized feedback report plus education

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Brief Education to Reduce Health Care Consumers' Risky Substance Use Behaviors: How Brief is Brief?

Further study details as provided by University of Missouri-Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Substance use behaviors and consequences [ Time Frame: 1 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Interview questionnaire includes items concerning substance use behaviors (e.g., the number of drinks in the last 7 days) and consequences {e.g., ''During the past month, how often have you failed to do what was normally expected of you because of your use of alcohol?'


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Substance use behavioral intentions [ Time Frame: 1 month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Interview questionnaire that asks participants about their memory of the materials provided in the intervention, their motivation toward change, and their self-reported change efforts.


Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: February 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Personalized feedback plus education
Treatment as usual with participants receiving a personalized feedback report about the risks associated with their current substance use behaviors and a brief (5-15 minute) motivational interviewing based education session provided by a trained health coach.
Behavioral: Personalized feedback report plus education
Persons receive both a brief education session and the personalized feedback report. This is the currently implemented service approach.
Experimental: Personalized feedback report alone
Provision of the personalized feedback report alone.
Behavioral: Personalized feedback report
Participants receive the personalized feedback report but no additional education.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Low level risky substance use

Exclusion Criteria:

  • high substance use risk levels
  • potential alcohol or drug addiction or dependence
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01501318

Locations
United States, Missouri
University of Missouri Hospital ER
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65212
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Missouri-Columbia
University of Missouri, St. Louis
Missouri Institute of Mental Health
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Matthew G Hile, PhD Missouri Institute of Mental Health
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Missouri-Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01501318     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1200450
Study First Received: December 23, 2011
Last Updated: January 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Missouri-Columbia:
SBIRT
brief intervention
alcohol
drug abuse

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014