Study of Cholesterol Levels and Types in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes (LAAD)
Compared to other races, African-Americans with type 2 diabetes have different cholesterol levels, specifically triglycerides and low density lipoprotein. Recent data has shown the not only are cholesterol levels important in determining the risk for cardiovascular disease, but the size of the cholesterol particles and surface proteins on the cholesterol particles are also important. The objective of this study is to determine if African-American males with diabetes have different particle size, surface proteins, and cholesterol genetic links than African-American male without diabetes and Caucasian-American males with and without diabetes.
African-American males with type 2 diabetes and not taking lipid-lowering medications are the current target population.
After obtaining an informed consent, a complete medical history will be obtained and subjects will be examined, noninvasively, for physical signs of elevated cholesterol levels. Afterwards, blood samples [one venous puncture, 6 tubes (21 mL total)] will be obtained. Blood samples will be coded, sent to Berkeley Heart Lab and/or Clinical Laboratory Services, and undergo genetic testing at Mercer University College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences.
Confidentiality of the subjects will be explained in the consenting process to the subjects. All subject samples and information will be coded. Each subject will be given a subject number upon consenting and this will be used throughout the study. All pertinent information of the subjects will be listed under the designated number, but will not be associated with that patient.
Type 2 Diabetes
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Preliminary Analysis of Lipoprotein Subclasses, Apoprotein Levels, and Genetic Architecture of African-American Males With Type 2 Diabetes. Lipids in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes|
- ApoB Levels in African American Men With Diabetes and Those Without. [ Time Frame: At study entry ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Apolipoprotein B Age adjusted least square means are reported because of baseline differences in ages.
- LDL Density in African American Males With Diabetes and Those Without Diabetes [ Time Frame: at entry ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
LDL size subclassification was divided into the following groups (from largest size to smallest size): LDL I, LDL IIa, LDL IIb, LDL IIIa, LDL IIIb, LDL IVa, LDL IVa, and LDL IVb.
For differences posted P<0.05 for LDL I, LDL IIb, LDL IIIa, and LDL IIIa +b
- Lipoprotein a [Lp(a)] in African Americans With Diabetes and Without. [ Time Frame: at study entry ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
We will retain a sample of serum, plasma and whole blood.
|Study Start Date:||December 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
African-American men with type 2 diabetes who are not taking cholesterol-lowering medications.
African-American men without type 2 diabetes who are not taking cholesterol-lowering medications.
|United States, Georgia|
|Mercer Univeristy College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30341|
|Grady Health System|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30303|