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Chikungunya Virus Vaccine Trial in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01489358
First received: December 7, 2011
Last updated: February 19, 2014
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is transmitted by mosquitoes. It can cause fever, headache, muscle pain, fatigue, and joint pain. The disease usually does not cause death. But the joint pain, which may be directly related to the infecting virus, may be severe and last for several months. CHIKV outbreaks are most common in Africa, India, and Asia. A new experimental vaccine for CHIKV has been developed, and researchers are testing it in healthy adults. Participants cannot develop CHIKV from this vaccine.

Objectives:

- To test the safety and effectiveness of a Chikungunya virus vaccine.

Eligibility:

- Healthy individuals between 18 and 50 years of age.

Design:

  • This study, including vaccine doses and followup tests, will last about 44 weeks. Participants will have three vaccination visits, six followup clinic visits, and three telephone contacts during this study. Vaccination visits will take about 4 hours. Most other clinic visits will usually take 2 hours. The telephone contacts will take about 15 minutes.
  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood samples will also be collected.
  • Participants will be assigned to one of three dose groups. Information about doses will be provided before the start of the vaccinations.
  • Vaccine injections will be given at the start of the study, at 4 weeks, and at 20 weeks. Participants will be asked to keep an eye on the injection site for 7 days and to notify researchers if there are any side effects.
  • Participants will be monitored throughout the study with blood samples and clinic visits.

Condition Intervention Phase
Chikungunya Virus
Vaccines, Virus-like Particles
Viral Vaccines
Humoral Immunity
Chikungunya Fever
Biological: VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: VRC 311: A Phase 1 Open Label, Dose-Escalation Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of a Virus-Like Particle (VLP) Chikungunya Vaccine, VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP, in Healthy Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary objective of the study is the safety and tolerability of the VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP vaccine at the three dosage levels when administered intramuscularly.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The secondary objective of the study is to evaluate the antibody response to the vaccine four weeks after the last vaccination.

Enrollment: 25
Study Start Date: December 2011
Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Biological: VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP
    N/A
Detailed Description:

This is a Phase I, open-label, dose-escalation study to examine the safety, tolerability, and immune response to a Virus-Like Particle (VLP) Chikungunya Virus (CHIKV) vaccine in healthy adults ages 18 to 50 years old. The plan is for 25 subjects to receive 3 intramuscular vaccine injections at weeks 0, 4, and 20. The three groups will be enrolled sequentially starting with the lowest dose of 10 micrograms per injection in Group 1.

The hypothesis is that the vaccine is safe and induces immune responses to CHIKV. The primary objective is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of the investigational vaccine, VRC-CHKVLP059-00-VP, at three dosages, 10 micrograms (mcg), 20 mcg, and 40 mcg, in healthy adults. The secondary objective is to evaluate the antibody response against CHIKV VLPs four weeks after the third vaccine injection. The exploratory objectives relate to antigen-specific humoral and cellular immune responses throughout the study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

A participant must meet all of the following criteria:

  1. < TAB> 18 to 50 years old
  2. < TAB> Available for clinical follow-up through Week 44
  3. < TAB> Able to provide proof of identity to the satisfaction of the study clinician completing the enrollment process
  4. < TAB> Complete an Assessment of Understanding prior to enrollment and verbalize understanding of all questions answered incorrectly
  5. < TAB> Able and willing to complete the informed consent process
  6. < TAB> Willing to donate blood for sample storage to be used for future research
  7. < TAB> In good general health, with a BMI less than or equal to 40, without clinically significant medical history, and has satisfactorily completed screening
  8. < TAB> Physical examination and laboratory results without clinically significant findings within the 56 days prior to enrollment

    Laboratory Criteria within 56 days prior to enrollment

  9. < TAB> Hemoglobin greater than or equal to11.5 g/dL for women; greater than or equal to13.5 g/dL for men
  10. < TAB> WBC: 3,000-12,000 cells/mm(3).
  11. < TAB> Differential either within institutional normal range or accompanied by physician approval
  12. < TAB> Total lymphocyte count: greater than or equal to 800 cells/mm(3).
  13. < TAB> Platelets = 125,000-500,000/mm(3).
  14. < TAB> Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) less than or equal to 1.25 times upper limit of normal range.
  15. < TAB> Serum creatinine less than or equal to1x upper limit of normal (less than or equal to1.3 mg/dL for females; less than or equal to1.4 mg/dL for males).
  16. < TAB> Negative FDA-approved HIV blood test
  17. < TAB>

    Female-Specific Criteria

  18. < TAB> Negative Beta-HCG pregnancy test (urine or serum) on day of enrollment for women presumed to be of reproductive potential
  19. < TAB> A woman of childbearing potential must agree to use an effective means of birth control from at least 21 days prior to enrollment through 12 weeks after last study vaccination

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

A participant will be excluded if one or more of the following conditions apply:

Female-Specific Criteria

  1. < TAB> Woman who is breast-feeding or planning to become pregnant during the time projected for individual study participation
  2. < TAB> Systemic immunosuppressive medications or cytotoxic medications within 12 weeks prior to enrollment [with the exceptions that a short course of corticosteroids (less than or equal to10 days duration or a single injection) for a self-limited condition at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment will not exclude study participation]
  3. < TAB> Blood products within 16 weeks prior to enrollment
  4. < TAB> Immunoglobulin within 8 weeks prior to enrollment
  5. < TAB> Prior vaccinations with an investigational CHIKV vaccine
  6. < TAB> Investigational research agents within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  7. < TAB> Live attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  8. < TAB> Medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines, e.g. influenza, pneumococcal, or allergy treatment with antigen injections, within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
  9. < TAB> Current anti-TB prophylaxis or therapy

    Subject has a history of any of the following clinically significant conditions:

  10. < TAB> A history of confirmed or suspected CHIKV infection
  11. < TAB> A history of immune-mediated or clinically significant arthritis
  12. < TAB> Serious reactions to vaccines that preclude receipt of study vaccinations as determined by the investigator
  13. < TAB> Hereditary angioedema (HAE), acquired angioedema (AAE), or idiopathic forms of angioedema
  14. < TAB> Asthma that is unstable or required emergent care, urgent care, hospitalization or intubation during the past two years or that is expected to require the use of oral or intravenous corticosteroids
  15. < TAB> Diabetes mellitus (type I or II), with the exception of gestational diabetes
  16. < TAB> Idiopathic urticaria within the past year
  17. < TAB> Bleeding disorder diagnosed by a doctor (e.g. factor deficiency, coagulopathy, or platelet disorder requiring special precautions) or significant bruising or bleeding difficulties with IM injections or blood draws
  18. < TAB> Malignancy that is active, or treated malignancy for which there is not reasonable assurance of sustained cure, or malignancy that is likely to recur during the period of the study
  19. < TAB> Seizure disorder other than: 1) febrile seizures, 2) seizures secondary to alcohol withdrawal more than 3 years ago, or 3) seizures that have not required treatment within the last 3 years
  20. < TAB> Asplenia, functional asplenia or any condition resulting in the absence or removal of the spleen
  21. < TAB> Psychiatric condition that may preclude compliance with the protocol; past or present psychoses; disorder requiring lithium; or within five years prior to enrollment, a history of suicide plan or attempt
  22. < TAB> Any medical condition (such as thyroid disease or hypertension that are not well controlled by medication, or viral hepatitis) that, in the judgment of the investigator, is a contraindication to protocol participation or impairs a volunteer s ability to give informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01489358

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Julie E Ledgerwood, D.O. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01489358     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 120041, 12-I-0041
Study First Received: December 7, 2011
Last Updated: February 19, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Vaccine-Mediated Protection
Antibody Response
Chikungunya Virus
Immune Response
Immunity
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alphavirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Togaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014