A Randomized Study to Abate Truancy and Violence in Grades 3-9 in Chicago Public Schools

This study is enrolling participants by invitation only.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
U.S. Department of Education
William T. Grant Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonathan Guryan, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01487434
First received: November 18, 2011
Last updated: April 8, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

In partnership with the Chicago Public Schools (CPS), the goal of this project is to test the effectiveness of a manualized mentoring and case management program for students in grades 1-8. Most of the current policy and research attention on dropout has focused on the dropout decision itself, even though dropout is more likely to be simply the end point of a longer-term developmental process. This project seeks to learn more about the relative effectiveness of preventing dropout through mentoring and case management programs, and to learn more about the relative effectiveness of intervening early vs. later.


Condition Intervention Phase
Attendance and Truancy
Student Engagement
Dropout
Behavioral: Check & Connect
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Preventing Truancy in Urban Schools Through Provision of Social Services by Truancy Officers

Further study details as provided by Northwestern University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in attendance and truancy [ Time Frame: 2 times a year (on average every 6 months) during the intervention and 1 time a year each year following the completion of the intervention for up to 25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Attendance and truancy measured through school records on absences


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Criminal activity and involvement [ Time Frame: 1 time a year each year following the completion of the intervention for up to 25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Criminal activity and involvement using criminal records will include individual-level administrative data on juvenile arrests from the Chicago Police Department and Cook County juvenile court records

  • Employment history and workforce involvement [ Time Frame: 1 time a year each year following the completion of the intervention for up to 25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Employment outcomes using employment records will include formal labor market involvement as measured by quarterly unemployment insurance (UI) records from the Illinois Department of Employment Security

  • Health and medical system participation [ Time Frame: 1 time a year each year following the completion of the intervention for up to 25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Health outcomes using health records will include Medicaid records on eligibility and service use from the Medicaid Analytic eXtract (MAX)

  • Academic achievement [ Time Frame: 1 time a year each year during the intervention and 1 time a year each year following the completion of the intervention for up to 25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Academic achievement measured through school records will include grades received in school and scores on standardized achievement tests (Iowa Test of Basic Skills in reading and math)

  • School engagement [ Time Frame: 1 time a year each year during the intervention and 1 time a year each year following the completion of the intervention for up to 25 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    School engagement measured through school records will include disciplinary actions/referrals


Estimated Enrollment: 600
Study Start Date: September 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Check & Connect
Check and Connect Structured Mentoring and Case Management
Behavioral: Check & Connect
Structured mentoring and case management

Detailed Description:

High school graduation is tremendously protective against involvement with crime and violence, as well as against the risk of adult poverty, unemployment, and poor health. Most of the policy and research attention on dropout has focused on the dropout decision itself. Yet dropout is almost always the end point of a longer-term developmental process. For this project the investigators have raised nearly $7 million in external support from the U.S. Department of Education, the National Institutes of Health, and the William T. Grant Foundation to learn more about the relative effectiveness of preventing dropout by trying to re-engage children in school much earlier during their academic careers.

Specifically, this project is motivated by findings from the late University of Chicago sociologist James Coleman indicating that one of the strongest protective factors against school failure for children is having a strong relationship with a pro-social adult - something that far too many children do not currently have, particularly those growing up in distressed family and community environments. The investigators are partnering with other researchers at Northwestern, Duke, and the University of Minnesota to test at large scale the effects of a structured mentoring and monitoring programs called Check & Connect. To date, the project has completed its pilot year, and starting this academic year will work with nearly 500 elementary and middle school students distributed across 23 CPS schools on the West and South sides of the city. Students will receive Check & Connect assistance for two academic years total.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Student with 10-27 total absences in prior school year
  • Students in Grades 1-7 at start of 2011-2012 school year
  • In attendance at one of the Chicago Public Schools elementary/middle schools randomly selected to be offered the intervention

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01487434

Locations
United States, Illinois
Chicago Public Schools
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60603
Sponsors and Collaborators
Northwestern University
U.S. Department of Education
William T. Grant Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jonathan Guryan, Ph.D. Northwestern University
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Jonathan Guryan, Associate Professor of Human Development and Social Policy, Northwestern University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01487434     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STU00035771, R01HD067500, R305A100706, 180140
Study First Received: November 18, 2011
Last Updated: April 8, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
Attendance
Truancy
Student engagement
Mentoring
Monitoring
Case management

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014