Vascular and Cognitive Assessments in Patients With Breast Cancer Undergoing Chemotherapy After Surgery

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(Suspended for data analysis)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01483196
First received: October 21, 2011
Last updated: May 21, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

This clinical trial studies vascular and cognitive assessments in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy after surgery. Learning about vascular and cognitive function may help plan treatment and improve the quality of life of breast cancer patients. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) may help study the side effects of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients and allow doctors to plan better treatment


Condition Intervention
Cognitive/Functional Effects
Recurrent Breast Cancer
Stage IA Breast Cancer
Stage IB Breast Cancer
Stage II Breast Cancer
Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
Stage IIIC Breast Cancer
Procedure: ultrasound imaging
Other: questionnaire administration
Procedure: assessment of therapy complications
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Procedure: magnetic resonance imaging

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Feasibility Study of Vascular and Cognitive Assessments During Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer (VASCOG)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Participation rate [ Time Frame: Over 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients who participate in the study divided by the number of eligible patients. An exact binomial confidence interval (CI) will be calculated for this estimate.

  • Retention rate [ Time Frame: Over 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as the proportion of participating patients who complete measurements pre and post chemotherapy. An exact CI will also be calculated for this estimate.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in flow-mediated dilation and aortic dilation that occur after adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer [ Time Frame: Approximately 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlation between the presence of brain circulation and vascular changes and performance on neuropsychological testing and the FACT-Cog [ Time Frame: approximately 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: January 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Diagnostic (TCD)
Patients undergo TCD examination including bilateral evaluation of standard intracranial arterial segments including the M1 and M2 segments of the MCA, the ACA and PCA, via the transtemporal acoustic windows, the ICA siphon via transorbital approach, and the vertebral and basilar arteries (proximal, mid, and distal) via the suboccipital approach. Patients also undergo MRI. All tests occur between 21 days after completion of surgery and up to 30 days prior to adjuvant chemotherapy and between 20-60 days after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy.
Procedure: ultrasound imaging
Undergo TCD
Other Names:
  • ultrasonography
  • ultrasound
  • ultrasound test
Other: questionnaire administration
Complete neurocognitive questionnaires
Procedure: assessment of therapy complications
Undergo TCD
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: quality of life assessment
Procedure: magnetic resonance imaging
Undergo MRI
Other Names:
  • MRI
  • NMR imaging
  • NMRI
  • nuclear magnetic resonance imaging

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the feasibility of enrolling women who are receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer to a clinical trial with assessments of vascular function and cognition before and after adjuvant chemotherapy and to obtain pilot data on outcomes that will be used in future larger-scale trials.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the presence, duration, and severity of brain circulation changes identified with transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) after adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.

II. Assess the changes in flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and aortic dilation that occur after adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.

III. Assess for correlation between the presence of brain circulation and vascular changes and performance on neuropsychological testing and the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Scale (FACT-Cog).

OUTLINE:

Patients undergo TCD examination including bilateral evaluation of standard intracranial arterial segments including the M1 and M2 segments of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and posterior (PCA) cerebral artery, via the transtemporal acoustic windows, the internal carotid artery (ICA) siphon via transorbital approach, and the vertebral and basilar arteries (proximal, mid, and distal) via the suboccipital approach. Patients also undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). All tests occur between 21 days after completion of surgery and up to 30 days prior to adjuvant chemotherapy and between 20-60 days after completion of adjuvant chemotherapy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed non-metastatic breast cancer; stages 1-3 are acceptable
  • Patients must be candidates for either neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had prior systemic chemotherapy are not eligible for the study
  • Patients who are scheduled to receive trastuzumab and/or bevacizumab are not eligible
  • Patients who are on dialysis
  • Women who are pregnant are not eligible due to unknown risks and potential harm to the unborn fetus
  • Patients with metastatic breast cancer are not eligible
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01483196

Locations
United States, North Carolina
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
Sponsors and Collaborators
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Julia Lawrence Wake Forest School of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01483196     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CCCWFU 74111, NCI-2011-02361
Study First Received: October 21, 2011
Last Updated: May 21, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 19, 2014