Comparative Bioavailability Study of Two Oral Formulations of Clopidogrel

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lourdes Garza Ocañas, Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01447563
First received: October 4, 2011
Last updated: October 5, 2011
Last verified: October 2011
  Purpose

Background: Clopidogrel, a potent inhibitor of adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet activation, is widely used to prevent and reduce the risk of thrombotic events. Objective: the aim of the present study is to evaluate the bioequivalence of two oral formulations of 75 mg clopidogrel tablets. Method: The study is an open, randomized, single-dose, two-period crossover trial conducted on 32 healthy Mexican volunteers in a fasted state. A single oral dose of the test or reference drug will be followed by a 7 day washout period, after which subjects will receive the alternative formulation. Blood samples were collected up to 24 h after dosing. In order to determine bioequivalence, the plasma concentrations of clopidogrel carboxylic acid metabolite was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to the last quantifiable level (AUC0-t), area under the plasma concentration time curve extrapolated to infinity (AUC0-∞), maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), the plasma elimination half-life (Tmax) and plasma half-life (T1/2) were calculated for both formulations.


Condition Intervention Phase
Comparative Bioavailability of Clopidogrel Tablets
Drug: Clopidogrel bisulfate
Drug: Clopidogrel
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Bioavailability of Two Oral Formulations of Clopidogrel: A Randomized, Open Label, Single Dose, Two-Period, Crossover Comparison in Healthy Mexican Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: at 0.16, 0.33, 0.5, 0.66, 0.83, 1, 1.5, 1.75, 2, 2.5, 3, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h after drug administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • area under the plasma concentration time curve from zero to the last quantifiable level (AUC0-t), [ Time Frame: 0.16, 0.33, 0.5, 0.66, 0.83, 1, 1.5, 1.75, 2, 2.5, 3, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h after drug administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • area under the plasma concentration time curve extrapolated to infinity (AUC0-∞) [ Time Frame: at 0.16, 0.33, 0.5, 0.66, 0.83, 1, 1.5, 1.75, 2, 2.5, 3, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h after drug administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: May 2008
Study Completion Date: August 2008
Primary Completion Date: June 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Clopidogrel tablets 75mg
subjects received a single 75 mg tablet of the reference formulation, given with 250 mL water
Drug: Clopidogrel bisulfate
subjects received a single 75 mg tablet of the reference formulation, given with 250 mL water
Other Name: Plavix
Experimental: Clopidogrel
subjects received a single 75 mg tablet of the test formulation, given with 250 mL water
Drug: Clopidogrel
subjects received a single 75 mg tablet of the test formulation, given with 250 mL water

Detailed Description:

Study procedure In each period, the subjects arrived at the clinical/unit site on the day before the commencement of the study and were randomized using Excel® 2007 to receive the test formulation followed by the reference formulation, or viceversa. No food was allowed from 10 h before until at least 4 h after drug administration. On the subsequent morning, a peripheral venous 21G catheter was inserted in the antecubital vein of the subjects and blood samples were collected (zero time). The subjects then received a single 75 mg tablet of either the test or the reference formulation, given with 250 mL water. Blood samples were collected at 0.16, 0.33, 0.5, 0.66, 0.83, 1, 1.5, 1.75, 2, 2.5, 3, 6, 8, 12, 16 and 24 h after drug administration. The blood samples were collected in coded EDTA tubes and plasma was obtained by centrifugation (2,053 g for 10 min at 5 C), after which the plasma was immediately transferred to prelabeled vials and stored at or below -70 After a week of washout, the alternative formulation was administered to the subjects and samples were drawn and analyzed as before.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female and age is between 18 and 40 years, inclusive.
  2. Females must have negative results for pregnancy tests performed:at Screening on a urine specimen obtained within 2 weeks prior to initial study drug administration, and prior to dosing on urine sample obtained on Study Day -1 of each period
  3. Body Mass Index (BMI) is 19 to 26, inclusive. BMI is calculated as weight in kg divided by the square of height measured in meters.
  4. A condition of general good health, based upon the results of a medical history, physical examination, vital signs, laboratory profile and a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG).
  5. Must voluntarily sign and date each informed consent, approved by an Independent Ethics Committee (IEC)/Institutional Review Board (IRB), prior to the initiation of any screening or study-specific procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of significant sensitivity to any drug.
  2. Requirement for any over-the-counter and/or prescription medication, vitamins and/or herbal supplements, on a regular basis.
  3. Use of any medications, vitamins and/or herbal supplements, within the 1-week period prior to study drug administration.
  4. Pregnant or breastfeeding female.
  5. Recent (6-month) history of drug or alcohol abuse.
  6. Positive test result for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or HIV antibodies (HIV Ab). Negative HIV status will be confirmed at Screening and the results will be maintained confidentially by the study site.
  7. Use of known inhibitors (e.g., ketoconazole) or inducers (e.g., carbamazepine) of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) within 1 month prior to study drug administration.
  8. Positive screen for drugs of abuse, or alcohol or nicotine or positive and clinically significant urine adulterants test.
  9. Receipt of any drug by injection within 30 days or within a period defined by 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, prior to study drug administration.
  10. History of epilepsy, any clinically significant cardiac, respiratory (except mild asthma), renal, hepatic, gastrointestinal, hematologic or psychiatric disease or disorder, or any uncontrolled medical illness.
  11. History of gastric surgery, vagotomy, bowel resection or any surgical procedure that might interfere with gastrointestinal motility, pH or absorption.
  12. Donation or loss of 550 mL or more blood volume (including plasmapheresis) or receipt of a transfusion of any blood product within 8 weeks prior to study drug administration.
  13. Receipt of any investigational product within 8 weeks prior to study drug administration or 7 half-lives, whichever is longer.
  14. Consumption of alcohol within the 3-day period prior to study drug administration.
  15. Consumption of grapefruit or grapefruit products, Seville oranges, star fruit and quinine/tonic water from 3 days prior to study drug administration.
  16. Use of tobacco or nicotine-containing products within the 6-month period preceding study drug administration.
  17. Current enrollment in another clinical study.
  18. Consideration by the investigator, for an reason, that the subject is an unsuitable candidate to receive Ibuprofen
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01447563

Locations
Mexico
Departamento de Farmacologia y Toxicologia
Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, 64460
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lourdes Garza Ocañas, MD PhD Hospital Universitario Jose E Gonzalez
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Lourdes Garza Ocañas, Principal Investigator, Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01447563     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CLOPI Tabs No. 60-06
Study First Received: October 4, 2011
Last Updated: October 5, 2011
Health Authority: Mexico: Federal Commission for Protection Against Health Risks

Keywords provided by Hospital Universitario Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez:
Bioequivalence
Bioavailability

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Clopidogrel
Ticlopidine
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists
Purinergic Antagonists
Purinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Cardiovascular Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2014