Evaluation the Performance of Given Diagnostic System in Detection of Bleeding Events in the Small Bowel
Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) has been one of the most challenging area in the field of gastroenterology, as small bowel is beyond the reach of ordinary endoscopes like oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD) and colonoscopy. Thanks for the latest technological advancement for investigating small intestine, we are now capable of obtaining intraluminal images safely through capsule endoscopy (CE). Its role in obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, Crohn's disease and other small bowel pathologies has already been proven, and nowadays it is suggested by various authorities to be the first-line modality among all small bowel investigations.
The investigators group has showed that CE can alter the clinical management of patients with OGIB - patients with negative CE has lower rebleeding rate, and therefore we may adopt a conservative approach for them. Although supported by some other group as well, conflicting results were still reported in the literature about the out-come of these patients. The main criticisms for these studies are that, CE can only identify 61% of the underlying small bowel bleeding pathology, and one can never ascertain the outcome of patients with negative CE examination. Apparently there is still room for improvement in the current CE technology.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Evaluation the Performance of Given Diagnostic System in Detection of Bleeding Events in the Small Bowel: a Single-arm Prospective Cohort Study.|
- Diagnostic yield for bleeding events in the small bowel [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Review the capsule video to detect the bleeding events.
|Study Start Date:||January 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Colon 2
using Colon 2 capsule in detecting bleeding events in small bowel
Device: Colon 2
Ingest one colon 2 capsule
Other Name: C2
Newer generation of CE (PillCam ColonTM) has been developed to investigate the large bowel. It is different from small bowel CE that it consists of two cameras at both ends of the capsule, so as to enhance the coverage of colonic mucosa visualization. An improved generation of this colon capsule, named PillCam Colon 2TM, is also in its developmental phase. With the new "adaptive frame rate" (AFR) technology, the CE optimizes the visual coverage of the bowel by increasing the frame rate up to 35 frames per second when the capsule is moving quickly in certain areas, while decreasing the frame rate down to 4 frames per second when the capsule is moving slowly or remains stationary so as to conserve the battery life. Preliminary data from colorectal cancer screening has shown that it could improve the diagnostic yield of colonic polyps.
The investigators hypothesize that, by re-programming the PillCam Colon 2TM so as to initiate AFR since ingestion, it could improve the visualization of small intestinal lumen and hence improves the sensitivity of small bowel CE examination.