GS-7977 Alone or With Ribavirin for Hepatitis C
- GS-7977 is a new drug that is being developed to treat hepatitis C infection. It works by blocking the hepatitis C virus from dividing in the body. This medication has been used along with other medications commonly used to treat hepatitis C, such as interferon and ribavirin. When used with interferon and ribavirin, GS-7977 seems to be very effective in eliminating the hepatitis C virus from the body. However, interferon can have serious side effects, so researchers want to see if GS-7977 can work by itself or with only ribavirin.
- To test the safety and effectiveness of GS-7977 alone or given with ribavirin for hepatitis C infection.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have hepatitis C with liver disease, and have never received drugs for it.
- This study will require multiple clinic visits over 18 months. A liver biopsy will be required before the start of the study if participants have not had one within the past 3 years.
- Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical exam.
- Participants will have either GS-7977 alone or GS-7977 with ribavirin. GS-7977 is taken by mouth once a day. Ribavirin is taken by mouth in the morning and evening.
- Participants will have study visits on Days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14. These visits will involve regular blood tests and symptom monitoring.
- After the second week, participants will have study visits during Weeks 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, and 20. Blood and urine tests will be given to study virus levels in the body, and symptoms will be discussed.
- Participants will stop receiving the study drugs at Week 24.
- Followup clinic visits with blood tests will take place in Weeks 28, 36, 48, 52, 60, and 72. Another liver biopsy will be performed at 48 weeks.
- Some participants may also be part of a smaller study. This study involves frequent blood draws to study drug and virus levels in the blood. The study will require a 36-hour hospital inpatient visit.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized Controlled Study To Assess Safety, Tolerability And Efficacy Of GS-7977 In Combination With Full or Low Dose RBV In HCV Genotype 1, Monoinfected Treatment Naive Participants|
- Number of participants with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem with an estimated 180 million people infected worldwide. In the United States an estimated 4.1 million people are infected and HCV is the principal cause of death from liver disease and leading indication for liver transplantation. A combination of ribavirin (RBV) and pegylated interferon (PegIFN) is the currently recommended therapy for chronic HCV infection and this may achieve viral clearance in 19% to 52% of patients infected with HCV genotype 1 (GT-1) and in 76% -80% of patients infected with HCV genotypes 2 and 3. The standard of care is changing and will soon become an HCV protease inhibitor [Boceprevir/ Telaprevir in combination with PegIFN and RBV]. The registration studies for the new protease inhibitors demonstrated increased sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of 60 - 70%. However, this is still associated with a high incidence of adverse events (AEs) and lower cure rates in several populations. Novel therapies that do not rely on an Interferon backbone will be required to enhance cure rates in various populations.
This is a randomized controlled open-label study to assess safety, tolerability and efficacy of GS-7977 (a potent and selective HCV NS5B inhibitor) given at a dose of 400 mg daily alone or in combination with RBV to a total of 60 treatment-na ve HCV genotype 1 mono-infected individuals with less than or equal to stage 2 fibrosis.
The findings from this study will aid in the understanding of antiviral and host responses to an interferon (IFN) free regimen as well as determine the role of RBV in IFN-free therapies.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Shyamasundaran Kottilil, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|