GS-7977 Alone or With Ribavirin for Hepatitis C

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01441180
First received: September 24, 2011
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

Background:

- GS-7977 is a new drug that is being developed to treat hepatitis C infection. It works by blocking the hepatitis C virus from dividing in the body. This medication has been used along with other medications commonly used to treat hepatitis C, such as interferon and ribavirin. When used with interferon and ribavirin, GS-7977 seems to be very effective in eliminating the hepatitis C virus from the body. However, interferon can have serious side effects, so researchers want to see if GS-7977 can work by itself or with only ribavirin.

Objectives:

- To test the safety and effectiveness of GS-7977 alone or given with ribavirin for hepatitis C infection.

Eligibility:

- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have hepatitis C with liver disease, and have never received drugs for it.

Design:

  • This study will require multiple clinic visits over 18 months. A liver biopsy will be required before the start of the study if participants have not had one within the past 3 years.
  • Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical exam.
  • Participants will have either GS-7977 alone or GS-7977 with ribavirin. GS-7977 is taken by mouth once a day. Ribavirin is taken by mouth in the morning and evening.
  • Participants will have study visits on Days 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14. These visits will involve regular blood tests and symptom monitoring.
  • After the second week, participants will have study visits during Weeks 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, and 20. Blood and urine tests will be given to study virus levels in the body, and symptoms will be discussed.
  • Participants will stop receiving the study drugs at Week 24.
  • Followup clinic visits with blood tests will take place in Weeks 28, 36, 48, 52, 60, and 72. Another liver biopsy will be performed at 48 weeks.
  • Some participants may also be part of a smaller study. This study involves frequent blood draws to study drug and virus levels in the blood. The study will require a 36-hour hospital inpatient visit.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hepatitis C
Drug: GS7977
Drug: RBV
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Study To Assess Safety, Tolerability And Efficacy Of GS-7977 In Combination With Full or Low Dose RBV In HCV Genotype 1, Monoinfected Treatment Naive Participants

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of participants with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 79
Study Start Date: September 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: GS7977
    N/A
    Drug: RBV
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major public health problem with an estimated 180 million people infected worldwide. In the United States an estimated 4.1 million people are infected and HCV is the principal cause of death from liver disease and leading indication for liver transplantation. A combination of ribavirin (RBV) and pegylated interferon (PegIFN) is the currently recommended therapy for chronic HCV infection and this may achieve viral clearance in 19% to 52% of patients infected with HCV genotype 1 (GT-1) and in 76% -80% of patients infected with HCV genotypes 2 and 3. The standard of care is changing and will soon become an HCV protease inhibitor [Boceprevir/ Telaprevir in combination with PegIFN and RBV]. The registration studies for the new protease inhibitors demonstrated increased sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of 60 70%. However, this is still associated with a high incidence of adverse events (AEs) and lower cure rates in several populations. Novel therapies that do not rely on an Interferon backbone will be required to enhance cure rates in various populations.

This is a randomized controlled open-label study to assess safety, tolerability and efficacy of GS-7977 (a potent and selective HCV NS5B inhibitor) given at a dose of 400 mg daily alone or in combination with RBV to a total of 60 treatment-na(SqrRoot) ve HCV genotype 1 mono-infected individuals with less than or equal to stage 2 fibrosis.

The findings from this study will aid in the understanding of antiviral and host responses to an interferon (IFN) free regimen as well as determine the role of RBV in IFN-free therapies.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

-INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Over 18 years of age at screening

    A female is allowed to enter and participate in the study if she is either of:

    1. Non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant) including any female who:

      • Has had a hysterectomy or
      • Has had a bilateral oophorectomy (ovariectomy) or
      • Is post-menopausal (a demonstration of a total cessation of menses for greater than or equal to 1 year)
      • Has had a bilateral tubal ligation or fallopian tube inserts
    2. Childbearing potential, has a negative serum pregnancy test at Screening, and agrees to acceptable birth control such as any of the following:

      • Complete abstinence from sexual intercourse from 2 weeks prior to administration of the study drug until completion of the follow-up procedures and at least 6 months after the last dose of RBV
      • Vasectomized partner
      • Use of an intrauterine device from 2 weeks prior to administration of study drug until completion of the Follow-up procedures and at least 6 months after the last dose of RBV< TAB>
      • Double contraceptive method (condom or occlusive cap [diaphragm or cervical/vault caps]; spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository; oral, implantable, transdermal, or injectable contraceptives)

    This is advised on the basis of using RBV, which may have a potential teratogenic effect on the fetus in pregnant women. Furthermore reproductive and developmental toxicity studies have not been conducted with GS-7977.

    A male is allowed to enter and participate in the study if he either:

    1. Is sterile or
    2. Agrees to use from 2 weeks prior to administration of the study drug until completion of the follow up procedures and at least 6 months after the last dose of RBV at least 1 of the following approved methods of contraception:

      • a male condom with spermicide
      • a sterile sexual partner
      • use by female sexual partner of an IUD
      • use by female sexual partner of a female condom with spermicide; an intravaginal system (e.g., NuvaRing )
      • use by female sexual partner of a diaphragm with spermicide
      • use by female sexual partner of a cervical cap with spermicide; or oral, implantable, transdermal, or injectable contraceptives
  2. Chronic Genotype 1 infection as documented by at least one measurement of serum HCV RNA greater than or equal to 2,000 IU/mL during screening and at least one of the following:

    1. A positive anti-HCV antibody, HCV RNA, or an HCV genotype test at least 12 months prior to baseline (Day 0) visit together with positive HCV RNA test and anti-HCV antibody.

      or

    2. A positive HCV RNA test and anti-HCV antibody test together with either a liver biopsy consistent with chronic HCV infection (or a liver biopsy performed before enrollment with evidence of CHC disease, such as the presence of fibrosis).
  3. Na(SqrRoot) ve to all HCV antiviral treatment(s), including but not limited to immunomodulatory and nucleoside/tide treatments for chronic HCV infection.
  4. Body mass index (BMI) of greater than or equal to 18 kg/m(2).
  5. Otherwise healthy as determined by the medical history, physical examination, ECG, and clinical laboratory measurements performed at Screening.
  6. Liver biopsy obtained within 3 years (36 calendar months) prior to the Day 0 visit, with a fibrosis classification of less than or equal to stage 2 fibrosis. If no recent (< 36 months) liver biopsy is available, a study qualifying biopsy must be performed prior to the baseline (Day 0) visit.
  7. Able to effectively communicate with the Investigator and other center personnel. Willing to give written informed consent and comply with the study restrictions and requirements.
  8. If opioid-dependent, participants must be participating in a supervised treatment program.
  9. Have a primary doctor outside of OP8 and the NIH for medical management.
  10. Willingness to allow stored blood or tissue samples to be used in the future for studying liver disease and immune function.
  11. Willingness to permit HLA typing to be performed.
  12. Subjects with compensated cirrhosis may be included (up to < 20 percent of subjects randomized). Cirrhosis

is defined as any one of the following:

  1. Any biopsy (or transient elastography, where locally approved) showing cirrhosis.
  2. Where approved by the local regulatory agency, transient elastography during the screening period with a result of > 12.5 kPa
  3. A FibroSURE(r) score of > 0.75 AND an AST:platelet ratio (APRI) of > 2 performed during screening.

Absence of cirrhosis is defined as one of the following:

  1. A liver biopsy performed within 24 calendar months of screening showing absence of cirrhosis
  2. Where approved by the local regulatory agency, transient elastography performed within 12 calendar months preceding Day 1 with a result of < 12.5 kPa
  3. A FibroSURE(r) score of < 0.48 AND APRI of < 1 performed during screening

In the absence of a definitive diagnosis of presence or absence of cirrhosis by the above criteria, a liver biopsy is required. The FibroSURE can be performed at an outside institution and results obtained and used to determine inclusion and exclusion criteria.

No more than 20 percent of the subjects randomized into the study will be cirrhotic.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Positive test at Screening for HBsAg, anti-HBc IgM Ab, or anti-HIV Ab.
  2. History of any other clinically significant chronic liver disease (e.g., hemochromatosis, autoimmune hepatitis, Wilson s disease, greater than or equal to 1-antitrypsin deficiency, alcoholic liver disease, > Grade 1 Stage 1 non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and toxin exposures).
  3. Treatment with unlicensed herbal/natural remedies suggested to be taken for hepatitis treatment such as Milk thistle or Cats Claw within 28 days of Day 0.
  4. Participants with a history of ascites, variceal hemorrhage, hepatic encephalopathy, or conditions consistent with decompensated liver disease.
  5. Screening or baseline ECG with clinically significant ECG findings.
  6. A personal history of or first degree relative with a history of Torsade de pointes.
  7. Any substance detected during the screening process that, in the opinion of the investigator, is thought to affect protocol compliance or drug metabolism and disposition.
  8. Abnormal hematological and biochemical parameters, including:

    1. Neutrophil count < 1000 cells/mm(3)
    2. Hemoglobin < 11 g/dL in women and < 12 g/dL in men
    3. Platelet count less than or equal to 75,000 cells/mm(3)
    4. Estimated GFR, calculated by the CKD-EPI equation, < 50 mL/min/ per 1.73 m(2)
    5. ALT or AST greater than or equal to 10 times ULN
    6. Serum lipase greater than or equal to 1.5 times ULN (at Screening or during the Screening period)
    7. Total bilirubin greater than or equal to 2.0 times ULN (except in subjects with Gilbert s syndrome)
    8. Albumin less than or equal to 3.0 g/dL
  9. History of major organ transplantation with an existing functional graft.
  10. History of uncontrolled thyroid disease or abnormal TSH levels as defined < 0.8 times LLN or > 1.2 times ULN at Screening.
  11. Fasting blood glucose greater than or equal to 300 mg/dl or HbA1C greater than 9.
  12. Donation or loss of more than 400 mL blood within 8 weeks prior to first dose administration.
  13. History of clinically significant drug allergy to nucleoside/nucleotide analogs.
  14. History or current evidence of psychiatric illness, immunologic disorder, pulmonary, cardiac disease, seizure disorder, cancer or history of malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator makes the patient unsuitable for the study. Chronic medical conditions, especially if treated with medications (such as hypertension), must be stable at the time of screening. No new therapies should be started prior to the study that may confound the assessment of study drug safety.
  15. History of having received any systemic antineoplastic or immunomodulatory treatment (including supraphysiologic doses of steroids > 10 mg/day for more than 6 weeks, and radiation) within 6 months prior to the first dose of study drug or the expectation that such treatment will be needed at any time during the study.
  16. Participation in a clinical study in which an investigational drug, biologic, or device was received within 12 weeks prior to first dose administration.
  17. Pregnant/Breastfeeding women or men whose partners are currently pregnant.
  18. Known hypersensitivity to RBV, study investigational medicinal products or metabolites.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01441180

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Shyamasundaran Kottilil, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01441180     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110258, 11-I-0258
Study First Received: September 24, 2011
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Direct Acting Antiviral
Liver
Hepatitis C
HCV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 10, 2014