Efficacy of Sugammadex in Magnesium Pretreated Patients (MagSug)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Christoph Czarnetzki, University Hospital, Geneva
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01440933
First received: September 8, 2011
Last updated: July 6, 2012
Last verified: July 2012
  Purpose

Sugammadex is a new reversal agent for neuromuscular blockers (curare). It encapsulates the curare molecule and terminates immediately its action. The recommended dose is 2 mg/kg for a slight neuromuscular block and 4 mg/kg for a profound neuromuscular block. Magnesium sulphate is frequently used in perioperative medicine and it is known to reinforce the neuromuscular block induced for instance by rocuronium. The researchers want to investigate, whether higher doses of sugammadex must be given to antagonize the neuromuscular block induced by rocuronium in patients who received magnesium sulphate.


Condition Intervention Phase
Neuromuscular Block
Drug: Magnesium Sulfate
Drug: Placebo comparator
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Sugammadex for the Reversal of Moderate and Deep Rocuronium Induced Neuromuscular Block in Patients Pretreated With Magnesium Sulphate

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University Hospital, Geneva:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time from start administration of sugammadex to recovery T4/T1 ratio to 0.9 [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 2 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Neuromuscular function will be assessed by acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis with a TOF-Watch SX® monitor (Organon Oss, The Netherlands). After induction of anesthesia and loss of consciousness, the acceleromyograph will be calibrated using the implemented TOF-Watch SX® calibration mode 2. Train-of-four (TOF) stimulation will be used (supramaximal square wave impulse of 200 µs duration, four stimuli at two Hz, 15 seconds interval). The units of measurement are seconds and minutes. Measurement will be continued until a TOF ration of 1.0 is reached.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Time from start administration of sugammadex to recovery T4/T1 ratio to 0.7 [ Time Frame: Participants will be followed for the duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 2 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Neuromuscular function will be assessed by acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis with a TOF-Watch SX® monitor (Organon Oss, The Netherlands). After induction of anesthesia and loss of consciousness, the acceleromyograph will be calibrated using the implemented TOF-Watch SX® calibration mode 2. Train-of-four (TOF) stimulation will be used (supramaximal square wave impulse of 200 µs duration, four stimuli at two Hz, 15 seconds interval). The units of measurement are seconds and minutes. Measurement will be continued until a TOF ration of 1.0 is reached.

  • Time from start administration of sugammadex to recovery T4/T1 ratio to 0.8. [ Time Frame: SParticipants will be followed for the duration of hospital stay, an expected average of 2 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Neuromuscular function will be assessed by acceleromyography of the adductor pollicis with a TOF-Watch SX® monitor (Organon Oss, The Netherlands). After induction of anesthesia and loss of consciousness, the acceleromyograph will be calibrated using the implemented TOF-Watch SX® calibration mode 2. Train-of-four (TOF) stimulation will be used (supramaximal square wave impulse of 200 µs duration, four stimuli at two Hz, 15 seconds interval). The units of measurement are seconds and minutes. Measurement will be continued until a TOF ration of 1.0 is reached.


Enrollment: 32
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: June 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Magnesiumsulphate Drug: Magnesium Sulfate
1ml/kg of the study solution containing 60 mg/ml of magnesium sulphate are given intravenously over 15 minutes in the conscious patient. After anaesthesia induction and calibration of neuromuscular monitoring (TOF Watch SX - acceleromyography) 0,6 mg/kg of rocuronium is given intravenously. After recovery of the neuromuscular block to a posttetanic count of 2 (deep neuromuscular block) (PTC 2) or reappearance of 2 twitches of the Train of four (superficial neuromuscular block) 4 mg/kg (deep neuromuscular block) or 2 mg/kg (superficial neuromuscular block) of Sugammadex are given intravenously.
Placebo Comparator: Physiologic saline Drug: Placebo comparator
1ml/kg of the study solution containing physiologic saline are given intravenously over 15 minutes in the conscious patient. After anaesthesia induction and calibration of neuromuscular monitoring (TOF Watch SX - acceleromyography) 0,6 mg/kg of rocuronium is given intravenously. After recovery of the neuromuscular block to a posttetanic count of 2 (deep neuromuscular block) (PTC 2) or reappearance of 2 twitches of the Train of four (superficial neuromuscular block) 4 mg/kg (deep neuromuscular block) or 2 mg/kg (superficial neuromuscular block) of Sugammadex are given intravenously.

Detailed Description:

Neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) are frequently used in anaesthesia and intensive care medicine for tracheal intubation, artificial ventilation, and continued muscle relaxation during surgical interventions. Postoperative residual curarisation is associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications and morbidity. Consequently, adequate reversal of neuromuscular block after surgery is of great importance.

Cholinesterase inhibitors have been widely used as reversal agents. They increase the amount of acetycholine at the neuromuscular junction, which then competes with the NMBA to restore muscle function. Cholinesterase inhibitors have, however, a number of limitations. They antagonise the neuromuscular block slowly and are only effective when partial spontaneous recovery has already occurred. These agents are also associated with a relatively high incidence of cholinergic adverse reactions, including bradycardia, arrhythmia, salivation, and bronchoconstriction.

Sugammadex, a modified gamma cyclodextrin, is a selective binding agent specifically designed to encapsulate steroidal NMBAs such as rocuronium. It causes a rapid and complete reversal of neuromuscular blockade by preventing directly rocuronium to react on the neuromuscular receptor.

Dose-finding studies have suggested that sugammadex 2 mg kg-1 was needed for the reversal of a moderate neuromuscular block (reappearance of T2), and that doses ≥4 mg kg-1 were needed for the reversal of a profound block (1 to 2 post-tetanic counts). The median time for the recovery of a moderate neuromuscular block to a T4/T1 ratio of 0.9 (which is considered clinically safe) is around two minutes, and of a profound neuromuscular block is about three minutes.

Magnesium is sometimes used in perioperative medicine, for instance, to prevent seizures in parturients with pre-eclampsia. Magnesium has an impact on neuromuscular transmission. It reduces the amount of acetylcholine that is released at the motor nerve terminal, by decreasing the calcium conductance of presynaptic voltage-dependent calcium channels. After pre-treatment with a clinically relevant dose of magnesium sulphate (MgSO4), an increased speed of onset and a prolongation of the recovery period of the neuromuscular blockade have been observed with standard intubation doses of atracurium, vecuronium, and rocuronium. With rocuronium, for instance, the investigators recorded a shortening of the speed of onset of the neuromuscular block by about 35% but at the expense of a prolongation of the recovery period by about 25%. It has been shown that the interaction between magnesium and rocuronium may become relevant in specific clinical situations.

The clinically relevant interaction between MgSO4 and rocuronium begs the question as to whether in a patient who has received MgSO4, the efficacy of sugammadex to reverse a rocuronium-induced block may be affected. Indeed, animal studies have indicated that significantly higher doses of sugammadex might be needed to reverse a rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block after magnesium pretreatment.

The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that the established doses of sugammadex for the fast and safe reversal of a moderate and a profound rocuronium-induced neuromuscular block are inadequate in patients who have received MgSO4. The investigators hypothesize that in subjects who received magnesium pretreatment, the time to reverse a moderate and a deep neuromuscular block (induced by a single intubation dose of rocuronium) with standard doses of sugammadex (2 and 4 mg kg-1, respectively) is prolonged by ≥ 50% and that the dose response curves will be displaced to the right (i.e. higher doses of sugammedex will be necessary to achieve the same speed of action as in patients who are not exposed to magnesium.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 to 60 years, male.
  • American Society of Anesthesiology [ASA] status I or II.
  • Able to read and understand the information sheet and to sign and date the consent form.
  • Scheduled for elective surgery lasting at least 60 minutes under general anaesthesia requiring neuromuscular relaxation using rocuronium bromide for endotracheal intubation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • A history of allergy or hypersensitivity to rocuronium, sugammadex or magnesium
  • Neuromuscular disease.
  • Preoperative medications known to influence neuromuscular function (for instance, certain antibiotics [aminoglycosides] and anticonvulsants [phenytoine]).
  • Electrolyte abnormalities (for instance, hypermagnaesemia).
  • Hepatic dysfunction (i.e bilirubin <1.5 upper limit normal (ULN), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <2.5 x ULN, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <2.5 x ULN)
  • Renal insufficiency (i.e. Creatinine <1.5 x ULN, creatinine clearance <30ml/minute).
  • Atrioventricular heart block
  • Patients with magnesium treatment
  • Patients with a body mass index <19 or >28 kg m-2.
  • Pregnant, or intending to become pregnant, women.
  • Breastfeeding women.
  • Expected difficult intubation or mask ventilation.
  • Patient having participated in any clinical trial within 30 days, inclusive, of signing the informed consent form of the current trial.
  • Patients needing continuous or repeat rocuronium administration for surgical reasons.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01440933

Locations
Switzerland
University Hospitals of Geneva
Geneva, Switzerland, 1211
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Geneva
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christoph A Czarnetzki, MD, MBA Universital Hospitals of Geneva
Study Chair: Martin R Tramer, MD, Dphil University Hospitals of Geneva
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Christoph Czarnetzki, Responsable Investigator, University Hospital, Geneva
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01440933     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CER 10-093
Study First Received: September 8, 2011
Last Updated: July 6, 2012
Health Authority: Switzerland: Swissmedic

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Geneva:
sugammadex
rocuronium
magnesiumsulphate
neuromuscular monitoring

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rocuronium
Magnesium Sulfate
Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Neuromuscular Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anesthetics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Anticonvulsants
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Tocolytic Agents
Reproductive Control Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014