Study of the Impact of a Hospital Discharge Care Coordination Program in an Elderly Population

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
New York State Department of Health
Maimonides Medical Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01440907
First received: September 23, 2011
Last updated: December 20, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the effect of a health information exchange (HIE)-supported care coordination package on 30-day readmission rates in a frail elderly population.


Condition Intervention
Hospital Readmission
Other: Care Coordination Program

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: The Effect of an HIE-Supported Care Coordination Package on Hospital Re-Admission Rates in an Elderly Population

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Weill Medical College of Cornell University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hospital Readmission Rates Post 30-day Discharge [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the impact of a health information exchange (HIE) care coordination program on reducing hospital readmissions rates post 30-day discharge from Maimonides Medical Center.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of inpatient hospital days within 30 days of discharge [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the impact of a health information exchange (HIE) care coordination program on reducing the number of inpatient days patients experience within 30 days after being discharged from Maimonides Medical Center.


Estimated Enrollment: 1800
Study Start Date: May 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Intervention Group
Those age 65 or older who are discharged from Maimonides Medical Center to home during the study period and enrolled in the Care Coordination Program
Other: Care Coordination Program
The Care Coordination Program includes: (1) access to a secure online personal health record (PHR) that people can logon and manage their health information, as well as receive alerts and reminders about action items for them to take on their healthcare; and (2) depending on the patient's health care needs, nursing support (either in-person or by phone).
Other Name: Safe at Home Project
No Intervention: Control Group
Those age 65 or older who are discharged from Maimonides Medical Center to home

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND

Reducing hospital readmission rates is a top national priority. Unplanned hospital readmission is estimated to have accounted for more than $17 billion of the roughly $103 billion hospital payments made by Medicare in 2004.1 For patients in Medicare fee-for-service programs, the 30-day hospital readmission rates was recently found to be 19.6% nationally, and 20.7% in New York State (Jencks et al., 2009). Hospitals have urgent incentives to address readmission rates: readmission rates have been added to the National Quality Forum performance metrics (National Quality Forum, 2007); readmission rate comparisons are posted on www.hospitalcompare.hss.gov as public indicators of hospital quality; and provisions in health care reform legislation will soon mean that hospitals will not receive payment for many readmissions within 30 days of discharge.

Targeted transitional programs and better coordination of care between inpatient and outpatient settings have the potential to reduce hospital readmission rates (Naylor et al, 2004; Coleman et al, 2006; Peikes et al, 2009). Successful care coordination measures depend upon the effective transmission of health information between the inpatient and outpatient settings.

The Brooklyn Health Information Exchange (BHIX) is a regional health information organization (RHIO) that provides secure health information exchange (HIE) services among participating health-care organizations in Brooklyn, Queens, and other parts of New York City. HIE allows the meaningful sharing of health information of locations where a patients may receive care or healthcare services and can be used to help improve the effective transmission of health information between inpatient and outpatient settings. Maimonides Medical Center is working with BHIX to offer a health information technology- and HIE-based care coordination program (CCP) to help improve the care of frail elderly patients upon discharge. The CCP includes: (1) access to a secure online personal health record (PHR) that people can logon and manage their health information, as well as receive alerts and reminders about action items for them to take on their healthcare; and (2) depending on the patient's health care needs, nursing support (either in-person or by phone).

The main objective of this study to determine the impact of the CCP in a frail elderly population.

SPECIFIC AIMS

Weill Cornell Investigators will be analyzing a HIPAA-defined de-identified dataset from BHIX to evaluate the impact of the CCP. The two main outcomes we will be addressing in our data analysis are:

  1. Readmission to any BHIX hospital within 30 days of hospital discharge from Maimonides;
  2. Number of inpatient days within 30 days after being discharged from Maimonides Hospital.

See CITATIONS, for references.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Weill Cornell Investigators will be receiving a HIPAA-compliant de-identified dataset from the Brooklyn Health Information Exchange (BHIX) that includes:

    • Demographic data information
    • Diagnoses (admission, discharge, readmission)
    • Whether the patient was readmitted readmission, # of inpatients days if the patients was readmitted
    • Care coordination program statistics (e.g. usage of the personal health record, and frequency of contact with nursing support staff).
  • The data set will include data of the following individuals:

    1. Intervention Dataset (Group 1): Those age 65 or older who are discharged from Maimonides to home during the study period and enrolled in the Care Coordination Program.
    2. Control Dataset (Group 2): Those age 65 or older who are discharged from Maimonides to home during the study period.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The exclusion criteria for this study for both the intervention & control dataset is anybody who does not fall into the above inclusion category and anybody who was:

    1. Transferred on the day of discharge to another acute care hospital, admitted to a hospital specialty unit, admitted to an inpatient rehabilitation facility, or admitted to a long-term care hospital;
    2. Approached and declined to participate in the Care Coordination Program.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01440907

Locations
United States, New York
Brooklyn Health Information Exchange (BHIX)
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11220
Maimonides Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11219
Sponsors and Collaborators
Weill Medical College of Cornell University
New York State Department of Health
Maimonides Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jessica S Ancker, MPH, PhD Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Study Chair: Melissa C Miller, MPH Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Study Director: Rainu Kaushal, MD, MPH Weill Medical College of Cornell University
  More Information