Community-Based Detection and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Hispanics.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) is a highly prevalent public health problem that results from progressive atherosclerosis of arteries in the lower extremities. PAD is also associated with major detrimental effects on quality of life and functional status, and is the most important cause of limb amputation. More importantly, PAD is a major manifestation of cardiovascular disease and a potent predictor of myocardial infarction, stroke and death. Despite its frequent occurrence, little is known about the natural history of PAD in Hispanics who represent 12.5% of the United States. Because access to health care is limited among Hispanics, CBPR is the ideal process to reach this target population. The goal of the proposed study is to evaluate community-based strategies of detection and treatment of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in Hispanics. The proposed project consists of two phases: a cross-sectional phase (PAD detection), followed by a randomization phase.During the PAD detection study , the prevalence and severity of PAD in this population will be determined. Specific risk factors associated with PAD among the Hispanic participants will be identified. During the second phase patients will be enrolled in a randomized, non-blinded trial comparing a community-based risk factor modification and supervised exercise program versus usual care for PAD. These individuals will undergo a baseline evaluation similar to the one obtained during the first phase of the study, but will also include functional testing of the lower extremities.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Community-Based Detection and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Hispanics.|
- Effect of an Exercise Intervention on Walking Ability (Functional Outcome) [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Walking distance (Six-Minute Walk test). Following a standardized protocol, individuals are instructed to walk back and forth a 100-ft hallway as far as they can in six minutes after instructions to cover as much distance as possible. A research assistant walks slightly behind each participant so as not to pace the individual. The research assistant records whether or not each person stops during the 6-minute walk. During the proposed study, members of the research team and trained lay health promoters (LHPs) will walk directly behind the individuals and give standardized instructions of encouragement at set intervals. Data will be reported on meters walked.
|Study Start Date:||February 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
It consists of six months of supervised, intermittent track walking to near maximal leg pain or discomfort three days per week. Walking duration will begin at 20 - 30 minutes per session for the first month of the program, and increased by 5 minutes per session per month until a total of 45 minutes of walking per session is reached by the third month.
Other: Supervised exercise Program
Supervised exercise Program consist of six months of supervised, intermittent track walking. Walking duration will begin at 20 - 30 minutes per session for the first month of the program, and increased by 5 minutes per session per month until a total of 45 minutes of walking per session is reached by the third month. During each exercise session, individuals will be encouraged to walk at a speed of approximately 2 mph until they achieve leg pain or discomfort on walking of moderate severity.Individuals are then allowed to have a brief period of standing or sitting rest to permit symptoms to resolve before they resume exercise.
No Intervention: Standard of Care
Patients will be observed during the time of the study, no intervention will be applied. Patients are allowed to do their regular activity at home.
|United States, Texas|
|UT Southwestern Medical Center|
|Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390|
|Principal Investigator:||Carlos H Timaran, MD||UT Southwestern Medical Center|