Can we Help People With the Oral Allergy Syndrome Eat Fresh Fruit?
Birch pollen allergy is increasingly common. It causes asthma and early season hay fever. This is because the body recognises birch pollen and reacts to it, leading to symptoms. Many patients with birch allergy get an itchy and/or swollen mouth when they eat fresh fruit (apples, pears, peaches, plums etc). Some fruit proteins have a similar structure to birch pollen; because of this the body recognises these proteins too causing the immune system to respond. This response causes symptoms of itch and swelling inside the mouth and throat. the investigators want to find out whether it is possible to get rid of the fruit-induced symptoms by using a desensitisation procedure that has been developed for treating the kind of hay fever that is caused by birch pollen. Desensitisation involves giving a small injection of pollen just under the skin and gradually increasing the amount each week. This allows the body to build up a "tolerance" to the injected protein. When the pollen is then encountered in real life the immune system reacts less vigorously so symptoms are less severe. This treatment does reduce hay fever symptoms. Our study aims to find out if this tolerance is transferred to the fruit proteins enabling patients to eat apples with minimal symptoms. Patients will be given apple to eat in a hidden form before treatment and their response assessed. They will then receive either active or dummy pollen injections before birch pollen season. A few months after completing these injections they will have another disguised apple test to see whether their symptoms are any better. If symptoms have improved with treatment then this therapy could be offered to patients in the future. This would allow them to eat fresh fruit without worrying about unpleasant symptoms and improve their hay fever symptoms.
Oral Allergy Syndrome
Biological: Allergovit Birch pollen
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||A Double Blind Placebo Controlled Randomised Trial to Study the Effects of Birch Pollen Specific Immunotherapy (BP-SIT) on the Symptoms of the Oral Allergy Syndrome in Adult Patients|
- Change in threshold for eating uncooked apple from baseline, compared to 1 year and 2 years following the intervention. [ Time Frame: baseline, 1 year and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Baseline measurements will be taken in Winter 2012 assessing the tolerance to fresh apple in a double blind placebo controlled manner. The intervention will start in January 2013.
Outcomes will be assessed using the double blind placebo controlled food challenge technique in Winter 2013 and 2014. (1 and 2 years after baseline assessment)
- Change in symptoms of rhinoconjunctivitis immediately after the first season of immunotherpay compared to 2 seasons of immunotherapy treatment. [ Time Frame: baseline, 1 year and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Diary cards will be given to patients to complete in the first season following immunotherapy, to assess hay fever symptoms.
- Change in conjunctival provocation tests from baseline. [ Time Frame: baseline, 1 year and 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Conjunctival provocation testing will take place at baseline in Winter 2012 using standard birch pollen exracts. Repeat tests will occur Winter 2013 and 2014 to assess changes following the intervention.
|Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Placebo Comparator: Subcutaneous injection of placebo||
Placebo injection to be given subcutaneously once weekly for 7 weeks prior to birch pollen season for 2 consecutive years.
|Active Comparator: Birch pollen immunotherapy||
Biological: Allergovit Birch pollen
Birch pollen specific immunotherapy. Once weekly injection for 7 weeks prior to birch pollen season for 2 consecutive seasons
|Contact: Anthony J Frew, MBBS MD FRCP||01273 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Nicola J Gray, MBBS BSc||01273 696955 ext email@example.com|
|Royal Sussex County Hospital||Recruiting|
|Brighton, East Sussex, United Kingdom, BN2 5BE|
|Contact: Nicola J Gray, MBBS 01273 696955 ext 3529 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Anthony J Frew, MBBS MD FRCP|
|Sub-Investigator: Michael Tarzi, MBBS MD FRCPath|
|Sub-Investigator: Nicola J Gray, MBBS MRCP|
|Principal Investigator:||Anthony Frew, MBBS MD FRCP||Brighton and Sussex University Hospital Trust|