Imaging of Brain Receptors Using (11C)mGlu1
- (11C)mGlu1 is a new drug that helps to show where a protein, mGluR1, is found in the brain. The drug contains a small amount of radioactivity that can be detected by imaging studies like positron emission tomography (PET) scans. By looking at the mGluR1 receptors, researchers hope to better understand how they are involved in general health, brain disorders, and addiction.
- To test how (11C)mGlu1 is distributed in the brain and body.
- To measure how mGluR1 receptors display (11C)mGlu1 during imaging studies.
- Healthy volunteers between 18 and 50 years of age.
- Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. This study requires four visits to the NIH Clinical Center.
- Participants will have an initial evaluation, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, a PET scan, and a final blood sample after the PET scan, all at different visits.
- The MRI and PET scans will focus on the brain. Participants will receive (11C)mGlu1, and have scans to see how it shows up in the brain.
- Some participants will have whole body imaging studies to see how (11C)mGlu1 shows up in the body.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||PET Imaging of Brain mGlu1 Receptors Using LY2428703|
|Study Start Date:||July 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are G-protein coupled receptors that respond to glutamate by activating proteins inside nerve cells that affect cell metabolism, thereby fine-tuning the signals sent between cells to maintain balance in neuronal activity. mGluR receptor subtype 1 (mGluR1s) are located in several brain regions, including the cerebellum, hippocampus, olfactory bulb, and basal ganglia. mGluR1 activation stimulates phospholipase C, resulting in phosphoinositide hydrolysis and increased intracellular Ca(2+) levels. Detailed study of mGluR1s has heretofore been hindered by the lack of high affinity and of selective ligands for this receptor subtype.
The present protocol will use a new PET ligand [C(11)]mGlu1 to 1) perform kinetic brain imaging to quantify mGluR1 binding parameters in brain and determine the reliability and reproducibility of these measures in 15 healthy volunteers (Phase 1); and 2) if the tracer proves successful in Phase 1, we will estimate radiation-absorbed doses of [C(11)]mGlu1 in healthy human subjects by performing whole body imaging (Phase 2).
Successful development of a PET ligand to image mGlurR1 would have a strong impact on clinical management of brain disorders characterized by disruptions in glutamatergic transmission, including anxiety and stress disorders, drug addiction, epilepsy, Huntington s disease, and Parkinson s disease.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert B Innis, M.D.||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)|