Auriculotherapy Effectiveness on Stress and Anxiety in Nursing Student
Single-blind randomized controlled trial aimed to assess stress and anxiety levels in Nursing School students of Beneficence Portuguese Hospital and review the effectiveness of true and placebo auriculotherapy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effectiveness of the Auriculotherapy on Reducing Stress and Anxiety in Nursing Student: Randomized Clinical Trial|
- Students Stress Levels [ Time Frame: 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The List of Symptoms of Stress is an evaluation questionnaire which consists of a list of 59 psycho-physiological and psychosocial stress, in which the subject must associate to each symptom of the four answers: never (0), rarely (1 ), often (2) or always (3). The scores are added together and the answers provide the level of stress the individual.In this questionnaire to score from 0 to 11 is void, 12 to 29 (low level), 30 to 59 (medium level), 60 to 120 (high level) and 120 to 177, very high level. Participants below 29 points were excluded.
- Students Anxiety Levels [ Time Frame: 90 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory consists of 2 scales, each one containing 20 items. One of the scales evaluates state anxiety, characterized by subjective feelings of tension and apprehension, followed by autonomic nervous system responses at a given moment. Trait anxiety, assessed by the other scale, refers to a relatively stable tendency to perceive situations at threatening and react anxiously to them. The scores are divided into low, moderate, high and very high and are determined by the sum of 20 symptoms from a 5-point Likert-type scale.The range of scores is 20-80, the higher the score indicating greater anxiety for both the Trait and State Anxiety.
|Study Start Date:||January 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Auriculotherapy Group
The chinese auriculotherapy is a intervention used by Chinese Traditional Medicine in order to balance the body energy and to treat several kind of diseases using semi-permanent needles in specific points of the auricular pavilion.
Two points were chosen to treat stress and anxiety (Shenmen and Brainstem).
Auriculotherapy stimulates points to achieve better emotional balance, mental and physiological.
Other Name: Auricular acupuncture
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
Auriculotherapy by sham, at the fist and outer ear points. These points aren't indicated for stress and anxiety.
Other: Placebo Group
They were evaluated at the baseline,twelve sessions and 15-day follow-up and received 12 sessions through the Fist and Outer ear points.
Other Name: Sham Group
No Intervention: Control Group
Control Group didn't receive any treatment and was evaluated at the same time and the same way of interventions group
Although researches on stress have a strong focus on stress at work,it is very important the evaluation of the stress and its consequences in Nursing students. This allows to understand which stress factors experienced in a negative way could interfere on the adaptive success in school activities. Students can experience symptoms of the alarm phase of stress such as tachycardia, muscle tension, skin and cold extremities, and also the second phase of stress such as headache, sleepiness, irritability and difficulty concentrating. High levels of stress have a substantial effect on attention and can lead to errors, lack of concentration and fluctuations in the level of attention. The auriculotherapy may have an important role as a coping strategy for stress and anxiety. It is a fast, relatively simple, easily performed, safe and without major side effects.
|Real e Benemérita Associação Portuguesa de Beneficência|
|São Paulo, Brazil, 01323-001|
|Principal Investigator:||Juliana M Prado||university of são paulo|
|Study Director:||Leonice FS Kurebayashi||university of são paulo|
|Study Chair:||Maria Julia P Silva||university of são paulo|