Comparing the Protective Effects of Two Cardioplegic Solutions, on Cardiac Metabolism, as Assessed Using Microdialysis (Cardioplégie)
An estimated 8% to 15% of patients hospitalized for a coronary pathology undergo coronary revascularization surgery with extracorporeal circulation (ECC). (1) Like most major cardiac surgical interventions, it is performed with the heart stopped; this leads to more or less severe myocardial ischemia. The heart is stopped (and therefore deprived of oxygen) for a duration that varies depending on the number of bypasses required, and on the local difficulties encountered. On average, myocardial ischemia lasts between 20 and 80 minutes. Heart protection during coronary revascularization surgery remains a crucial factor in limiting the heart's aerobic function during aortic clamping, and in minimizing the resulting post-operatory ventricular dysfunction. Its quality is a determining factor of the post-operatory issue.
High-performance heart protection solutions such as Custodiol have been used by heart surgeons for a few years. They are used as an alternative choice to other cardioplegic solutions, the efficacy of which has already been proven (St Thomas). These two myocardial protection solutions have never been evaluated in an in vivo, randomized, comparative trial.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Coronary Surgery: Comparing the Protective Effects of Two Cardioplegic Solutions: Custodiol Versus St Thomas, on Cardiac Metabolism, as Assessed Using Microdialysis|
- Lactate concentrations per-operatory [ Time Frame: Every 10 minutes between the beginning of surgery, and declamping (per-operatory) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Mean interstitial lactate concentrations (lactate peak and lactate/pyruvate ratio) observed between the beginning of surgery, and declamping in each patient group (St Thomas cardioplegia group vs Custodiol cardioplegia group)
- Anoxic variations 24h [ Time Frame: Every hours after end of surgery and until the 24th hour following declamping. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Interstitial lactate and pyruvate concentrations, lactate/pyruvate ratio, and glycerol concentration (glycerol is a marker of cell membrane damage),
- Drug consumption [ Time Frame: At 72 hours after declamping ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Inotropic drug consumption (dobutamin, noradrenalin, adrenalin) during the first 72 hours following declamping
|Study Start Date:||June 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Active Comparator: St Thomas||
Drug: St Thomas
Once the upper aorta has been clamped, the cardioplegic solution St Thomas will be administered directly into it via an anterograde approach. St Thomas will be infused every 30 minutes at a dosage of 10ml/kg bodyweight (infusion takes about three minutes). If the heart appears to be starting again (ventricular fibrillation) for more than three minutes, infusion will be resumed at the same rate until the heart is effectively stopped.
Other Name: St Thomas solution or SLF 103 (Aguettant)
Once the upper aorta has been clamped, the cardioplegic solution Custodiol will be administered directly into it via an anterograde approach. Custodiol will be injected in one bolus (20 ml/kg), which takes eight minutes. If the heart appears to be starting again (ventricular fibrillation) for more than three minutes, infusion will be resumed at the same rate until the heart is effectively stopped.
Other Name: Custodiol (Eusa Pharma)
Myocardial microdialysis is the state-of-the-art technique for evaluating the protective effects of cardioplegic solutions; it enables physicians to monitor oxidation-reduction muscle metabolism during an ongoing operation.
|CHU de Saint-Eienne|
|Saint-etienne, France, 42000|
|Principal Investigator:||Marco VOLA, MD||CHU de Saint-Etienne|