Prevention of Alcohol Related Incidents in Air Force Technical Training (AFIV)
The prevalence of alcohol related incidents in technical training is too high. A brief group alcohol intervention was designed to reduce the number of alcohol related incidents in Technical Training.
Hypotheses or Research Questions:
Can a brief group alcohol intervention, focused on responsible use of alcohol during technical training reduce the prevalence of alcohol related incidents?
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco and Dual Use in the US Military and the Prevention of Alcohol Related Incidents Using a Brief Alcohol Intervention in Air Force Technical Training|
- Number of alcohol related incidents [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Alcohol related incidents are anonymously tracked throughout the course of technical training
|Study Start Date:||October 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Group Brief Alcohol Intervention
The number of alcohol related incidents for the year prior the initiation of the BAI will be compared to the number of alcohol related incidents when Airmen were exposed to the BAI
Behavioral: Group Brief Alcohol Intervention
Intervention includes identifying reasons for joining the military, roadblocks to successful completion of training, information about alcohol, two anonymous self-assessments, information on quantity-based alcohol consumption in order to reduce the risk of incidents.
As a part of Air Force Technical Training orientation week, all Airmen attending Technical Training at Lackland AFB, TX are given a brief group alcohol intervention (BAI) designed to reduce the number of alcohol related incidents during attendance at technical training.
The BAI was designed and approved by the sponsor as a Quid Pro Quo for having time in technical to conduct a tobacco use Cohort study. The intervention was designed to take advantage of the 8.5 weeks of forced alcohol use cessation during Basic Military Training.
Because the BAI was considered a part of Technical Training Orientation Airmen were not consented for the BAI and no personally identifying information was collected. The Airmen were however consented for participation in the Tobacco Cohort study.
Significance: Too many Airmen who have successfully completed Basic Military Training have an alcohol related incidents during Technical Training which can result in administrative separation from the Air Force. These incidents are avoidable. Approximately 12,000 Airmen attend Technical Training in San Antonio each year and the costs associated with early discharge are not trivial. Additionally, new Airmen become extremely distressed when they are sent home, after completing 8.5 weeks of Basic Military Training, due to an alcohol related incident.
The BAI capitalizes on entry into Technical Training as a potential teachable moment for new Airmen. It is a time when both Airmen and Technical Training staff are highly motivated to graduate every qualified Airman possible.
The BAI is an interactive group intervention. The intervention is conducted as a briefing and given to approximately 50 Airmen per session and lasts approximately 45 minutes. The content includes helping Airmen clearly identify their reasons for joining the Air Force as well as possible roadblocks to successful completion of technical training. The intervention includes basic information about alcohol for those Airmen who chose to drink, two anonymous self assessments, and information about how to consume alcohol in smaller time-based quantities to decrease the risk of an alcohol related incident.
The study will compare the prevalence of alcohol related incidents for the 10,953 Airmen who attended technical training during the 12-month time period prior to the initiation of the BAI to the prevalence of alcohol related incidents for the 15,000 Airmen who will receive the BAI during the course of this investigation.
|Contact: Phyllis A. Richey, Ph.D.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Beate B. Griffin, R.N., BS.||email@example.com|
|United States, Texas|
|37th Training Group||Recruiting|
|Lackland AFB, Texas, United States, 78236|
|Contact: Phyllis A. Richey, Ph.D. 901-448-5900 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Beate B. Griffin, RN., BS 901-448-5900 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Gerald W. Talcott, Ph.D.|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert C. Klesges, Ph.D.||University of Tennessee Health Science Center and St. Jude Childrens' Research Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Harry Lando, Ph.D.||University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute|
|Principal Investigator:||Gerald W. Talcott, Ph.D.||University of Tennessee Health Science Center|