Cognitive Speed as an Objective Measure of Tinnitus (COMeT)
Tinnitus, commonly referred to as "ringing in the ears", affects 50 million people in the United States and is recognized as a major public health concern. Tinnitus is the most frequent cause of service-connected disability claims among war veterans. Tinnitus remains a subjectively diagnosed entity. There is no standardized objective method of diagnosing tinnitus or describing the functional impact of the condition. Currently, physicians have to rely on patient-based self reports. Without an objective method of diagnosing tinnitus and describing the functional implications, adequate treatment delivery is also hampered since there is no way to objectively stratify patients into severity groups and assess response to treatment. Because tinnitus is known to negatively affect cognition through the ventral attention networks and the prefrontal cortex, measuring cognitive processing speed is a possible way to objectively measure tinnitus. This study builds on previous work the investigators have done that utilized a quick, easily accessible measure of auditory processing speed. That earlier study showed a correlation between that measure and self reported measures of tinnitus severity, and this study attempts determine a more precise estimate of that correlation. It also better validates those results by including a traditional neurocognitive measuring cognitive speed and by controlling for the presence of depression and somatoform disorders.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Cognitive Speed as an Objective Measure of Tinnitus|
- Brain Speed Test [ Time Frame: Participants completed brain speed test on the same day as enrollment. No follow-up required. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Standardized Z-scores of the Brain Speed Test (BST-Z scores) calculated based on age group-matched normal population data were used for analysis in order to control for the impact of age on test scores. Age-standardized Z-scores, which reflect the distance from the mean in standard deviation values, allow for the comparison of scores across age groups. A z-score of 0 indicates a value of the average, while absolute z-score values above 2 indicate observations significantly different from normal populations.
|Study Start Date:||June 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Brain Speed Test
Brain Speed Test
This was a cross-sectional study designed to investigate the relationship that self-reported tinnitus severity has with cognitive processing speed and psychiatric factors
|United States, Missouri|
|St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110|
|Principal Investigator:||Jay F Piccirillo||Washington University School of Medicine|