Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine and Primaquine for Uncomplicated Plasmodium Falciparum Cases (DHP+PQ)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Indonesia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: June 24, 2011
Last updated: July 8, 2011
Last verified: August 2008

Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) has been known to be controversial for stopping malaria transmission.The addition of primaquine (PQ) - the only drug commercially available that kills mature transmission stage - to such treatments might be necessary to eliminate this stage. A study is conducted to evaluate the efficacy of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHP) regimens with or without PQ on the sexual and asexual stages of P. falciparum in Sumatra, Indonesia.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine
Drug: dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine + primaquine
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Effectiveness of Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine With or Without Primaquine on Gametocytes Plasmodium Falciparum in Mesoendemic Area of Indonesia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Indonesia University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Development of sexual stages of P.falciparum [ Time Frame: 42 days post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Finger prick blood samples are collected for malaria blood smear. Thick and thin blood smears were stained with 3% Giemsa solution for 40 minutes and were read under binocular microscope with 1,000X magnification.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clearance of asexual stages P.falciparum [ Time Frame: 42 days post treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Finger prick blood samples are collected for malaria blood smear. Thick and thin blood smears were stained with 3% Giemsa solution for 40 minutes and were read under binocular microscope with 1,000X magnification.

Enrollment: 374
Study Start Date: December 2008
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine Drug: dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine
This study used fixed-dose tablets of 40 mg dihydroartemisinin and 320 mg piperaquine for each tablet (D-ARTEPP®, Guilin Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, China. The regimen is based on weight for 3 days (D0, D1 and D2) with maximal dose of 1 x 3 tablets for patients weighing ≥ 41 kg; 1 x 2 tablets for patients weighing 31 - 40 kg, 1 x 1.5 tablets for patients weighing 18 - 30 kg, and 1 X 1 tablet for patients with body weight of 11 - 17 kg.
Other Name: DHP
Active Comparator: Dihydroartemisininpiperaquine primaquine Drug: dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine + primaquine
For DHP, treatment was as for Arm dihydroartemisinin piperaquine. A single dose PQ of 0.75 mg/kg BW was provided on Day-3 using 15 mg base PQ tablets (local product by PT Pharos Indonesia, batch no 15306002, produced on 30/05/2008 and expiring on May 2012). The maximal dose was 3 tablets for subjects weighing ≥ 60 kg. The dose range for subjects weighing 10 - 13 kg was 0.5 tablet; 14 - 18 kg was 0.75 tablet; 19 - 23 kg was 1 tablet, 24 -30 kg was 1.5 tablet; 31 - 40 kg was 2 tablets; 41- 49 kg was 2.25 tablet; 50 - 59 kg was 2.5 tablet and ≥ 60 kg was 3 tablets.
Other Name: DHP, PQ

Detailed Description:

The study was conducted in Hanura Primary Health Center, Padang Cermin district, Lampung province (105°45'-103°48'E and 3°45'-6°45'S) located at the southern end of Sumatra island.

The study subjects received either 3 day doses of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine with or without 1 day of primaquine according to their body weight.

Patients with fever or history of fever within the past 24 hours were screened by microscopic examination of Giemsa-stained thick blood films to detect P. falciparum infection.

All subjects were allocated by open-label randomization to receive DHP alone (on Day 0 to Day 2) or DHP plus a single dose of PQ (Day 3). The procedures of drug administration in the study were as follows:


Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age ≥ 4 years old
  • parasite count ≥ 1,000 asexual parasites/µL
  • normal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase enzyme level based on qualitative test (Trinity Biotech® no 203, USA)
  • hemoglobin level ≥ 8 gr/dL as measured by Hemoque® apparatus;
  • have the ability to return for 42-day-follow up and
  • willingness to sign the informed-consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • are infected with other r plasmodium species
  • have only gametocytes of P. falciparum;
  • are pregnant - measured by positive result on HCG urine test and/or breastfeeding women
  • present signs of pitting edema on both legs as a sign of malnutrition
  • have complicated or severe malaria, other chronic diseases or history of drug allergies.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01392014

Hanura Primary Health Center
Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indonesia University
Principal Investigator: Inge Sutanto, MD Univesity of Indonesia
  More Information

No publications provided by Indonesia University

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Dr. Inge Sutanto, Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran, University of Indonesia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01392014     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 45114, 45114
Study First Received: June 24, 2011
Last Updated: July 8, 2011
Health Authority: Indonesia: National Agency of Drug and Food Control

Keywords provided by Indonesia University:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014