Genetics of the Acute Response to Alcohol in Social Drinkers

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01375556
First received: June 16, 2011
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

Background:

- Previous research has shown that a person s genes can influence how they respond to alcohol. But researchers do not yet know all the genes that might be involved.

Objectives:

- To identify genes that are related to how non-alcoholic individuals respond to alcohol.

Eligibility:

- Healthy people between 21 and 30 years of age who have no history of alcohol or drug dependence.

Design:

  • The study requires one or two 9-hour visits to the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center.
  • Participants must not take any medicines (except birth-control pills for women) for at least 3 days before the visit. They must not drink alcohol for at least 2 days before the visit.
  • Screening includes a medical history, physical exam, and a urine test for drugs of abuse.
  • Participants will be given alcohol over about 2.5 hours. This will have about the same effect as having three to four drinks. Frequent breathalyzer tests will check breath alcohol level during the infusion.
  • Before and during the infusion, participants will complete questionnaires about mood and feelings. Other tests will study thinking, balance, judgment, and risk-taking. Blood samples will be collected four times during the infusion.
  • Participants will have breakfast at the start of the visit (around 8:00 AM). They will have a snack before the start of the alcohol infusion (around 10:45 AM). Lunch will be served after the alcohol infusion is complete (around 2:20 PM). After the tests, those in the study will have to stay in the Clinical Center until their breath alcohol level falls below 0.02%. This can take up to 2.5 hours. A final blood sample will be drawn at that time. Participants will not be able to drive themselves home after the study visits. Also, they should not take any medicines or operate any machinery for at least 2 hours after leaving NIH.

Condition Intervention Phase
Alcoholism
Genetics
Drug: Ethanol
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Genetics of the Acute Response to Alcohol in Humans

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Initial response to alcohol and adaptive response to alcohol measures for subjective ratings of alcohol effects, psychomotor performance, behavioral disinhibition tasks and autonomic measures

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: May 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Ethanol
    N/A
Detailed Description:

Previous research, including our prior studies using the alcohol clamp, has shown substantial genetic influences on alcohol pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. While the influence of several individual genes on alcohol pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics has been examined, there has not been a comprehensive evaluation of genetic influences on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of alcohol in humans.

Objectives: To evaluate the genetic underpinnings of the pharmacodynamics of alcohol using candidate gene analysis of measures of the initial and adaptive acute response to alcohol in humans.

Study Population: Subjects will be 21-30 year-old non-smoking, male and female non-dependent drinkers in good health, as determined by medical history, physical exam, and ECG and lab tests. Subjects with Axis-I psychiatric diagnoses, including alcohol or substance dependence, will be excluded.

Design: The study will be conducted in two phases. In phase I, 40 subjects (20 with positive family history of alcoholism (FHP) and 20 with no family history of alcoholism (FHN)) will undergo two ethanol infusion sessions to compare different breath alcohol concentration exposures. In one session (Clamp session), participants will be infused with 6% ethanol in saline using an individualized infusion profile to achieve and clamp breath alcohol concentrations (BrAC) at 60 mg% for 2 hours. In the other session (Oral-mimic session), participants will be infused with 6% ethanol and saline using another individualized infusion profile to achieve a BrAC-time profile that would be typically obtained after oral administration (ascending limb to peak BrAC followed by descending limb). During each session, serial BrACs will be obtained, and heart-rate and skin blood flow will be continuously recorded. A battery of subjective (self-rating questionnaires) and objective measures (psychomotor performance, behavioral disinhibition tasks) will be obtained at baseline and two points during the infusion to assess the initial response and adaptive response to alcohol. The measures of initial response and adaptive response will be compared between sessions to determine which provides greater sensitivity (higher effect size) for detecting family history differences.

In phase II, 160 participants will undergo a one session study. Participants will receive an ethanol infusion to achieve the BrAC-time profile (Clamp or Oral-mimic) that provides the greater sensitivity to family history of alcoholism in phase I of the study. The same battery of subjective and objective measures will be obtained to assess the initial response and adaptive response to alcohol. These response measures will be used as endophenotypes for examination of genetic association with a set of candidate genes, based on previous clinical and pre-clinical studies.

Outcome measures: Initial response to alcohol and adaptive response to alcohol measures will be obtained for a battery of assessments, including subjective ratings of alcohol effects, psychomotor performance, behavioral disinhibition tasks and autonomic measures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Male and female participants between 21-30 years of age.

Good health as determined by medical history, physical exam, EKG and lab tests.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Current or prior history of any disease, including CNS, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, endocrine, or reproductive disorders.

Positive hepatitis or HIV test at screening.

Current (i.e., in the past year) diagnosis of Axis-I psychiatric illness.

Current or lifetime diagnosis of alcohol or substance dependence.

Currently (i.e., in the past year) seeking treatment for alcohol-related problems.

Non-drinkers (alcohol-na(SqrRoot) ve individuals or current abstainers), or individuals who have never consumed more than 4 drinks on at least one occasion.

Current or prior history of alcohol-induced flushing reaction, including rapid reddening of the face, rapid heart rate and breathing, and nausea after 1 or 2 drinks.

Regular tobacco users will be excluded from the study in order to avoid nicotine withdrawal symptoms. Occasional use of tobacco products (up to 20 cigarettes/week, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence Score less than 4) is acceptable.

Positive result on urine drug screen or breathalyzer test at screening

No regular use of medications for the last 3 months. Use of prescription or OTC medications known to interact with alcohol within 2 weeks of the study. These include, but may not be limited to: isosorbide, nitroglycerine, benzodiazepines, warfarin, anti-depressants such as amitriptyline, clomipramine and nefazodone, anti-diabetes medications such as glyburide, metformin and tolbutamide, H2-antagonists for heartburn such as cimetidine and ranitidine, muscle relaxants, anti-epileptics including phenytoin and phenobarbital codeine, and narcotics including darvocet, percocet and hydrocodone. Drugs known to inhibit or induce enzymes that metabolize alcohol should not be used for 4 weeks prior to the study. These include chlorzoxazone, isoniazid, metronidazole and disulfiram. Cough-and-cold preparations which contain anti-histamines, pain medicines and anti-inflammatories such as aspirin, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, celecoxib and naproxen, should be withheld for at least 72 hours prior to each study session.

Females must not be pregnant or breast-feeding. Female participants will undergo a urine beta-hCG test to ensure they are not pregnant during screening and study visits.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01375556

Contacts
Contact: Vijay A Ramchandani, Ph.D. (301) 402-8527 vijayr@mail.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Vijay A Ramchandani, Ph.D. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01375556     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110180, 11-AA-0180
Study First Received: June 16, 2011
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Alcohol Clamp
Pharmacogenetics
Family History of Alcoholism
Pharmacodynamics
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alcoholism
Alcohol-Related Disorders
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014