Allogenic Haematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Patients With Refractory "Triple Negative" Breast Cancer

This study has been terminated.
(Very low accrual rate)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Istituto Clinico Humanitas
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Institute of Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01375023
First received: June 15, 2011
Last updated: September 10, 2012
Last verified: September 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the engraftment, toxicity and anti-tumour activity of allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation using TLI/ATG conditioning regimen in patients with refractory "Triple Negative" breast cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Radiation: Radiotherapy
Biological: Anti-Thymocyte Globulin
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Allogenic Haematopoietic Cell Transplantation Using a Non-myeloablative Preparative Regimen of Total Lymphoid Irradiation and Anti-Thymocyte Globulin for Patients With Refractory "Triple Negative" Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Institute of Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response to treatment according to RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: 90 after the baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Response to treatment according to RECIST criteria evaluated after 90 days from baseline


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • graft versus host disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: Time Frame: Day +365 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    incidence and severity of GVHD after one year from baseline


Enrollment: 3
Study Start Date: June 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Anti-Thymocyte Globulin+radiotherapy
triple negative breast cancer patients treated with radiation and Anti-Thymocyte Globulin iv
Radiation: Radiotherapy
daily radiation therapy for 10 days, total dose of 80 cGY
Other Name: Radiotherapy
Biological: Anti-Thymocyte Globulin
1.5 mg/kg/day, IV from day -11 through day -7 before transplantation
Other Name: Thymoglobuline

Detailed Description:

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer among women and approximately 45% of breast cancer patients develop metastatic disease that generally remains incurable with a median survival of approximately 18 to 24 months. A subpopulation emerging as having particularly poor prognosis is patients who have disease that is receptor negative for oestrogen, progestin and HER2/neu (triple receptor negative). Since no effective therapy is available in this setting of patients, the investigators propose allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation.

Recent advances in allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) have led to reduced intensity preparative regimens that are non-myeloablative and permit the development of sustained donor chimerism. As a result, regimen related organ toxicities (RROT), and consequently non-relapse mortality has been reduced. However, the incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD and cGVHD, respectively) has remained a major complication. Pre-clinical data, developed by the Stanford group, established that nonmyeloablative conditioning with total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) combined with depletive anti-T cell antibodies protects against GVHD by skewing peripheral T cell subsets to favour suppressive regulatory T cells. The current proposal is a Phase II study evaluating safety and activity of the allogeneic peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) transplantation using TLI/ATG conditioning regimen, the kinetics of donor haematopoietic cell engraftment and chimerism, the incidence and severity of acute GVHD following allogeneic transplantation using the novel preparative regimen of TLI combined with antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Patients with triple negative breast cancer will be considered for transplantation using donor grafts from HLA-matched related donors. The preparative regimen of TLI combined with ATG is expected to result in high levels of sustained donor haematopoietic cell engraftment with a significantly reduced incidence of acute GVHD.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically proven diagnosis of breast cancer with evidence of unresectable, locally recurrent, or metastatic disease. Locally recurrent disease must not be amenable to resection or radiation therapy with curative intent.
  • Documentation of estrogen and progestin receptor (ER/PR) negative status and HER2/neu receptor negative status (ie, FISH or CISH (where approved) negative or immunohistochemistry 0 or +1).
  • Prior treatment with an anthracycline, a taxane and alkylating agents alone or in combination in the neoadjuvant, adjuvant or metastatic disease setting.
  • Prior treatment with chemotherapy as follows: Receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy with RECIST (appendix B) defined disease progression documented during treatment or disease relapse within 6 months of last treatment, OR Receipt of chemotherapy in the first-line advanced disease setting with RECIST defined disease stable or progression documented during treatment, or, if the patient completed treatment with objective disease response, documented disease progression after discontinuing treatment. Patients entering the study on the basis of this criterion may have also previously received neo adjuvant or adjuvant treatment with chemotherapy.
  • Measurable disease as per RECIST. Measurable lesions that have been previously radiated will not be considered target lesions unless increase in size has been observed following completion of radiation therapy.
  • Male or female.
  • Patients age > 18 and < 70 years.
  • ECOG performance status 0-2.
  • Resolution of all acute toxic effects of prior therapy or surgical procedures to grade ≤1 (except alopecia).
  • Life expectancy >6 months.
  • A fully HLA-identical sibling donor is available. Patients with one antigen mismatched donors can be considered but only after discussion with the transplant team and the Principal Investigator.
  • The definitions of minimum adequacy for organ function required prior to study entry are as follows: serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and serum alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), or AST and ALT ≤5 x ULN if liver function abnormalities are due to underlying malignancy; total serum bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN; serum albumin ≥3.0 g/dL; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/μL; platelets ≥100,000/μL; haemoglobin ≥9.0 g/dL; serum creatinine ≤1.5 x ULN
  • Signed and dated informed consent
  • Willingness and ability to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests, and other study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Uncontrolled CNS involvement with disease
  • Fertile men or women unwilling to use contraceptive techniques during and for 12 months following treatment
  • Females who are pregnant
  • Organ dysfunction defined as follows: cardiac ejection fraction <30% or uncontrolled cardiac failure; pulmonary: DLCO <40% predicted; liver: elevation of bilirubin to > 1.5 X ULN and/or transaminases >5x the upper limit of normal Renal: Serum creatinine >1.5 x ULN
  • ECOG performance status > 2
  • Patients with poorly controlled hypertension on multiple antihypertensives
  • Documented fungal disease that is progressive despite treatment
  • Viral infections: HIV positive patients. Hepatitis B and C positive patients will be evaluated on a case by case basis
  • Psychiatric disorders or psychosocial problems which in the opinion of the primary physician or Principal Investigator would place the patient at unacceptable risk from this regimen.
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to agents used in the study.
  • Any previous or current malignancy at other sites, with the exception of adequately treated cone-biopsied in situ carcinoma of the cervix and adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01375023

Locations
Italy
European Institute of Oncology
Milan, Italy, 20141
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Institute of Oncology
Istituto Clinico Humanitas
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Rocco Pastano, MD European Institute of Oncology
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: European Institute of Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01375023     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IEO S438/508, 2008-006262-28
Study First Received: June 15, 2011
Last Updated: September 10, 2012
Health Authority: Italy: Ethics Committee
Italy: The Italian Medicines Agency

Keywords provided by European Institute of Oncology:
Allogenic Haematopoietic Cell Transplantation
Total Lymphoid Irradiation
Anti-Thymocyte Globulin
Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antilymphocyte Serum
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 02, 2014