The Effect of Sodium Thiosulfate Eardrops on Hearing Loss in Patients Who Receive Cisplatin Therapy

This study has been terminated.
(Poor accrual)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Thomas Jefferson University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01369641
First received: June 7, 2011
Last updated: March 28, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

This is a pilot, randomized, self-controlled study of the effects of intratympanic sodium thiosulfate (STS) on the degree of hearing loss in patients receiving cisplatin therapy. Sodium thiosulfate is an inactive ingredient contained in sulfacetamide ophthalmic solution which is used routinely as an otic solution delivered to the middle ear space.

The hypothesis of this study is that local administration of sodium thiosulfate (STS) will result in improved hearing compared to ears not receiving the study drug in patients receiving systemic cisplatin therapy.


Condition Intervention
Cancer
Procedure: Insertion of Pressure Equalization (PE) Tubes
Drug: Sodium Thiosulfate (STS)
Other: Saline (Placebo)
Drug: Cisplatin

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Pilot, Randomized, Self-controlled Study of the Effects of Intratympanic Sodium Thiosulfate on the Degree of Hearing Loss in Patients Receiving Cisplatin Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Thomas Jefferson University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of Intratympanic Sodium Thiosulfate (STS) [ Time Frame: Through 1 year post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    To assess the efficacy of intratympanic sodium thiosulfate (STS) on reducing the degree or incidence of hearing loss in patients receiving systemic cisplatin therapy using puretone and speech audiometry, and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE).

    Pure tone and speech audiometry: hearing will be assessed prior to any initiation of cisplatin therapy, again at three weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, and every 6 months thereafter for up to one year.



Enrollment: 1
Study Start Date: August 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2017
Primary Completion Date: March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Experimental Ear - Sodium Thiosulfate (STS)
Subjects enrolled to study will have their ears randomized for treatment with STS. The experimental ear will receive STS treatments, while the comparator ear will receive a placebo.
Procedure: Insertion of Pressure Equalization (PE) Tubes
If the subject consents to participate in the study, a separate consent for insertion of pressure equalization (PE) tubes will be obtained. The PE tubes will then be inserted into the posterior inferior quadrant of the tympanic membrane in the office under topical anesthesia.
Other Names:
  • PE
  • tympanostomy tubes
  • myringotomy tubes
Drug: Sodium Thiosulfate (STS)
Drops of STS will be added to the experimental ear only prior to initial cisplatin infusion.
Other Name: sodium thiosulphate
Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin chemotherapy infusion in the dose range of 80-120mg/m2
Other Names:
  • cisplatinum
  • cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)
  • CDDP
  • Platinol
  • Platinol-AQ
Placebo Comparator: Comparator Ear - Placebo
Subjects enrolled to study will have their ears randomized for treatment with STS. The experimental ear will receive STS treatments, while the comparator ear will receive a placebo.
Procedure: Insertion of Pressure Equalization (PE) Tubes
If the subject consents to participate in the study, a separate consent for insertion of pressure equalization (PE) tubes will be obtained. The PE tubes will then be inserted into the posterior inferior quadrant of the tympanic membrane in the office under topical anesthesia.
Other Names:
  • PE
  • tympanostomy tubes
  • myringotomy tubes
Other: Saline (Placebo)
Drops of balanced saline solution will be added to the placebo comparator ear prior to initial cisplatin infusion.
Other Name: saline solution
Drug: Cisplatin
Cisplatin chemotherapy infusion in the dose range of 80-120mg/m2
Other Names:
  • cisplatinum
  • cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)
  • CDDP
  • Platinol
  • Platinol-AQ

Detailed Description:

Platinum-based chemotherapeutic agents are used to treat a number of malignant tumors, both in children and adults. Examples of such tumors include: osteosarcoma, Wilms' tumor, rhabdomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma, Ewing's sarcoma, primary brain tumors, carcinoma, and various other solid tumors. Cisplatin is associated with a dose-dependent, high frequency sensorineural hearing loss. With increasing doses, the hearing loss worsens to include the speech frequencies. Vestibular function can also be damaged by platinum-based toxicity. Cisplatin causes ototoxicity through the formation of reactive oxygen species and activation of the apoptotic pathway in outer hair cells and the stria vascularis.

Rates of ototoxicity are approximately 80% with audiologic findings of hearing loss, and 20% with symptomatic hearing loss. These numbers are higher for those receiving high dose cisplatin, children, those with prior irradiation and those with prior hearing loss.

A number of agents have been investigated in animal models as otoprotection against the toxic effects of cis- and carboplatin. Among these, sodium thiosulfate (STS) has shown particular promise as an otoprotective agent. STS is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as an antidote for cyanide and nitroprusside toxicity and for calciphylaxis. STS has been shown to act as both an antioxidant as well as a chelating agent in vivo. The chelating properties of the sulfur-thiol functional group are believed to be responsible for the otoprotective effects of STS, binding to, and inactivating the platinum. The thiol compound may also act to scavenge reactive oxygen species produced by the platinum, thus preventing the initiation of the apoptotic pathway.

Several studies have demonstrated the otoprotective effects of intravenous STS in animal models. Subsequent studies have shown similar benefit when STS is administered intravenously to humans. A major drawback to this mode of delivery, however, is the fear that it reduces the anti-tumor activity of the platinum. Sodium thiosulfate is believed to bind to cisplatin, forming a complex that is then excreted by the kidneys. Though this may decrease the ototoxicity associated with the platinum, it may also decrease the anti-neoplastic properties of the agent. There are conflicting reports of reduced tumoricidal properties of STS in vitro, though there are no in vivo studies suggesting this adverse effect in vivo.

In view of the potential for systemic STS to reduce the tumoricidal effects of platinum agents, researchers have sought an alternate mode of delivery. Recent animal studies have examined the effect of sodium thiosulfate delivered locally to the middle ear space. Stocks, et al demonstrated an otoprotective effect of STS delivered to the middle ear space of guinea pigs. Wang, et al showed complete prevention of the ototoxic effects of cisplatin in guinea pigs treated with round window application of STS. In their study, both the compound action potential (CAP) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were unchanged, and both outer hair cells (OHC) and inner hair cells (IHC) were preserved. This effect, however, was not demonstrated in a similar study by Wimmer, et al. The temporal and spatial separation of the platinum and STS in these animal studies prompted Zuur and colleagues to state that, "in the future, it may be desirable to examine additional possibilities for two-route administration schemes for chemotherapy and otoprotective drugs in humans." There are no studies to date of intratympanic sodium thiosulfate in humans.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adults receiving cisplatin therapy in the dose range of 80-120mg/m2
  2. Subjects are capable of giving informed consent, or if appropriate, have an acceptable surrogate capable of giving consent on the subject's behalf.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with active middle ear disease (unilateral or bilateral)
  2. Subjects with prior treatment with platinum-based chemotherapeutic agent or other ototoxic agent
  3. Subjects with an allergy to sodium thiosulfate
  4. Subjects with tumors involving cranial nerve VIII
  5. Subjects with preexisting absence of otoacoustic emissions (unilateral or bilateral)
  6. Subjects with more than 5 dB interaural difference in puretone threshold on initial audiometric screening
  7. Chronic use of known ototoxic agent (e.g. furosemide, aminoglycosides, etc)
  8. Subjects with a history of prior irradiation to the head and neck.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01369641

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Thomas Jefferson University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David Cognetti, MD Thomas Jefferson University
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Thomas Jefferson University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01369641     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 11D.99, 2011-03
Study First Received: June 7, 2011
Results First Received: January 24, 2014
Last Updated: March 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Thomas Jefferson University:
cisplatin
STS
sodium thiosulfate
Adults
dose range of 80-120mg/m2

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hearing Loss
Deafness
Hearing Disorders
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Sensation Disorders
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Cisplatin
Sodium thiosulfate
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Antidotes
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antitubercular Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Chelating Agents
Sequestering Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014