Effect of Obesity on Long-term Clinical Outcomes After Kidney Donation (R-21)
Several studies have shown that renal function in patients who have donated a kidney (but are otherwise healthy) remains stable and within normal limits. However, it is unclear how donor nephrectomy affects patient subsets with comorbidities, an issue that becomes relevant in the current environment where inclusion criteria are continuously becoming less stringent and more patients are being considered as potential donors.
In the present study, the investigators plan to evaluate long-term renal function in obese patients who have donated a kidney as part of a living donor renal transplant procedure. The investigators have selected this group because it is at higher risk for developing obesity-related complications such as diabetes and hypertension that may impair renal function, it is rapidly becoming a major subgroup in the kidney donor population, and no studies have systematically followed obese patients after kidney donation. Establishment of an appropriate control group is of primary importance in studies examining long-term outcomes. The investigators will also evaluate a 2-kidney control group to allow us to compare the individual and interactive effects of obesity and kidney donation on long-term renal function. Study participants will complete a medical questionnaire, undergo blood pressure measurements, and provide blood and urine samples for analysis of various metabolic parameters. Some study participants will have ambulatory blood pressure monitoring performed which involves application of an automated blood pressure cuff for 24 hours. Some study participants will also undergo direct measurements of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) with iohexol.
In the proposed research, the investigators hypothesize that obesity in kidney donors increases the likelihood of developing renal dysfunction and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and may increase the likelihood even more than in healthy controls.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Study Start Date:||June 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
In order to meet the growing demand for living donor kidneys, the inclusion criteria for prospective donors have become less selective, allowing previously ineligible patients to donate kidneys. One donor group that has become increasingly more utilized is the overweight patient. There is substantial evidence that overweight individuals are more susceptible to the development of renal disease either as a direct result of their weight or as a consequence of their obesity-related co-morbidities such as diabetes and hypertension. In addition, it appears that even mild renal dysfunction can increase the risk of developing CVD, which is already more common in this population. Despite these findings, very little is known about the individual and interactive effects of obesity and donation on the overall health of kidney donors. Our study addresses some of these questions by examining the effects of obesity on long-term renal function and development of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome in patients who donated a kidney at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) more than 5 years ago (1967-2006). The control group will comprise of all potential kidney donors at UCSF during this period who passed an initial medical screening evaluation but did not donate because they were found to be ABO- or crossmatch incompatible. The investigators believe that the results of the proposed study will be important in developing more precise guidelines for the selection and long-term health care maintenance of kidney donors.maintenance at all.
|United States, California|
|University of California San Francisco|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|