An Assessment of pH Testing Methods
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common and potentially debilitating disorder. Typical symptoms include heartburn and regurgitation of acid tasting substances. GERD is a chronic disease and in some cases, more alarming symptoms including food sticking in the esophagus, pain with swallowing, bleeding, anemia and weight loss develop.
In Alberta, upper endoscopy is the first line of investigation accompanied by an ambulatory 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring for patients with symptoms that are unresponsive to acid-suppressing therapy or who exhibit alarm symptoms.
Current standard of care in Alberta for esophageal pH monitoring first requires an esophageal manometry test to identify the location of the lower esophageal sphincter followed by the placement of a thin catheter with one or more pH probes inserted through the nose and taped in place to the face for 20 -24 hours. The patient wears a small battery powered data logger and maintains a diary of GERD symptoms and activity. This system enables the recording and correlation of specific symptoms with reflux episodes over extended periods and provides direct evidence of GERD. The nasally passed pH catheter is uncomfortable and restrictive for some patients often resulting in abnormal eating, drinking, activity and sleeping patterns. The data collected may not be representative of the patient's typical experience and may not reflect the true severity of the disease.
A wireless diagnostic pH monitoring system called Bravo pH Monitoring System developed by Medtronic is approved for use in Canada and is commercially available. This system eliminates the need for a catheter by utilizing a capsule the size of a gel-cap and radio frequency technology to monitor esophageal pH. It has been shown to be safe and as sensitive as conventional catheter-based pH probe monitoring. The Bravo system can be sited either endoscopically or manometrically.
The goal of this study is to test the Bravo Wireless pH system in Alberta using manometric siting to assess feasibility, patient outcomes and tolerance.
- Patient tolerance of the Bravo system is superior to standard pH-metry.
- Manometric placement of Bravo is as successful as standard pH-metry.
- To assess patient tolerance of Bravo versus standard pH-metry.
- To compare the success rate of manometric peroral placement of Bravo pH probe versus standard pH-metry.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||A Prospective Assessment of pH Testing Methods in Alberta|
- Overall discomfort with standard vs. Bravo pH-metry. [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Mean overall discomfort from the pH-metry procedure between Group 1 (standard) and Group 2 (Bravo) as measured by questionnaire.
- Success rate of Bravo capsule placement [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]As defined by completion of the manometry to find the Bravo placement depth; completion of peroral Bravo placement; adequate deployment and adherence of the Bravo capsule to the esophageal mucosa for a minimum of 20 hours.
- Site specific discomfort of both siting and placement procedures [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Ability to do normal activities [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Time off work [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Difference in recorded time off work for Group 1 (standard) vs. Group 2 (Bravo)
- Procedure Related Costs [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Procedure related costs between groups (including primary payer and societal costs)
|Study Start Date:||July 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Standard Care
Group 1 will have standard catheter based pH-metry. All participants will answer a questionnaire assessing tolerance and satisfaction of both the siting and placement methods and the 24 hour monitoring period.
Device: Standard Care
Nasally passed pH catheter sited by manometry, accompanied by battery powered data logger. Participant activated event marker in response to symptoms, meals and body position changes.
Active Comparator: Bravo pH Monitoring System
Group 2 will undergo unsedated peroral placement of the Bravo capsule. All participants will answer a questionnaire assessing tolerance and satisfaction of both the siting and placement methods and the 24 hour pH monitoring period.
Bravo pH Monitoring System sited manometrically.
Other Name: Bravo pH Monitoring System