Assessment of Nasal Deposition and Clearance of Ketorolac Solution Administered Using the Valois Nasal Spray Device

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Luitpold Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01356212
First received: May 16, 2011
Last updated: May 17, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

This was a randomised three-way crossover design study. The study consisted of three study periods each separated by a minimum 44 hour washout period. During the course of each study period, scintigraphic images were acquired at planned intervals after dosing. Subjects were able to leave the clinical unit after the completion of study specific procedures at 6 hours post-dose.

The primary objective of the study was to determine whether any of the radiolabelled ketorolac formulation was deposited in the lungs of healthy volunteers following nasal inhalation under three different conditions (gentle sniff-inhalation with subject standing, vigorous sniff-inhalation with subject standing, gentle sniff-inhalation with subject semi-supine). The secondary objectives were to determine the deposition pattern of radiolabelled ketorolac solution in the nasal cavity, and clearance of the radiolabel over a six-hour period.


Condition Intervention Phase
Healthy Subjects
Drug: Ketorolac tromethamine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Scintigraphic Assessment of Nasal Deposition and Clearance of 99mTc DTPA Ketorolac Solution Administered Using the Valois Nasal Spray Device

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Luitpold Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Scintigraphic images of radiolabeled ketorolac solution entering the lungs and subsequently being cleared from the lungs following administration to the nostrils using a Valois nasal device. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to immediately post-dose, 10, 20, 30, 45, and 60 minutes and 2, 4, and 6 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Scintigraphic assessment of the deposition pattern of radiolabeled ketorolac solution in the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, esophagus, and stomach. [ Time Frame: Change from baseline to immediately post-dose, 10, 20, 30, 45, and 60 minutes and 2, 4, and 6 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 13
Study Start Date: September 2002
Study Completion Date: December 2002
Primary Completion Date: October 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ketorolac tromethamine (Gentle sniff - volunteer upright)
Gentle sniff-inhalation with the volunteer upright for dosing and imaging
Drug: Ketorolac tromethamine
30 mg ketorolac (15 mg (100 ul) per nostril) administered intranasally
Experimental: Ketorolac tromethamine (Vigorous sniff - volunteer upright)
Vigorous sniff-inhalation with the volunteer upright for dosing and imaging
Drug: Ketorolac tromethamine
30 mg ketorolac (15 mg (100 ul) per nostril) administered intranasally
Experimental: Ketorolac tromethamine (Gentle sniff - volunteer semi-supine)
Gentle sniff-inhalation with the volunteer semi-supine for dosing and imaging
Drug: Ketorolac tromethamine
30 mg ketorolac (15 mg (100 ul) per nostril) administered intranasally

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy males or non-pregnant, non-lactating, surgically sterile or post-menopausal females (post-menopausal was defined as > 2 years post-last period and more than 50 years of age), or using an acceptable form of contraception as defined in section 9.3.2 (g)
  • Aged 18-65 years
  • Body Mass Index of between 18 and 30 kg/m2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participation in a clinical research study involving investigational drugs or dosage forms within the previous 4 months
  • Subjects who had sought advice from their GP or consulted a counsellor for abuse or misuse of alcohol, non-medical, medicinal drugs, or other substance-abuse such as solvents. Any current or past use of Class A drugs such as opiates, ecstasy, LSD, and amphetamines (Class B). Volunteers that admitted to past use of cannabis were not excluded as long as they had a negative drugs of abuse test and had been abstinent for at least 12 months
  • Positive drugs of abuse test result
  • Regular alcohol consumption in males >21 units per week and females >14 units per week. (one unit of alcohol was defined as 0.5 pint (280 ml) of beer or cider, 1 glass (125 ml) wine, 1 glass (70 ml) of sherry or port, 1 measure (25 ml) of whisky, brandy or rum. For low alcohol drinks, one unit of alcohol was defined as 2 glasses (250 ml) of low alcohol wine and 5 half pints (840 ml) of low alcohol beer)
  • Current smokers, i.e. those who had smoked within the last 12 months
  • A breath carbon monoxide reading of greater than 10 ppm either at the pre-study medical examination or on a study day prior to dosing
  • Females of child bearing potential who were sexually active and either not surgically sterile, post-menopausal or not using a form of acceptable contraceptive (contraceptive pills/injection, condoms with spermicide, IUCDs (coils) and diaphragms with spermicide (only if the woman was 35 or more) or abstinence
  • Radiation exposure from clinical trials, including that from the present study and from diagnostic X-rays but excluding background radiation, exceeding 5 mSv in the last twelve months or 10 mSv in the last five years. No subject whose occupational exposure is monitored will participate in the study
  • Clinically significant abnormal biochemistry, haematology or urinalysis
  • Screening FEV1 < 80% of the predicted value for their age, sex, height and race
  • History of chronic respiratory disorders or bronchospasm
  • History of adverse reaction or allergy to ketorolac or di-sodium EDTA
  • History of severe or multiple allergies, including hayfever and perennial rhinitis
  • History of adverse reaction or allergy to aspirin or any other non-steroidal anti inflammatory drug (e.g., ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, ketoprofen or diclofenac)
  • History of infantile bronchiolitis, or a history or the presence of asthma, or wheezy respiration, hayfever and perennial rhinitis
  • History of nasal fracture, nasal deformity or nasal polyps
  • History of disease, surgery, or abnormality of the upper respiratory tract, especially the nasal cavity
  • History of significant nose bleeds
  • Sinusitis within four weeks of the first study period
  • Nasal jewelry or nasal piercings
  • Subjects using topical nasal medication e.g. decongestants, within 14 days prior to the first dosing day
  • Upper respiratory tract infection (excluding otitis media) within 14 days of the first study day, or lower respiratory tract infection within the previous 3 months
  • Subjects taking any medication that might affect the respiratory tract within 14 days of the first study day
  • Non-prescription and prescription medication (including vitamins and natural or herbal remedies eg. St Johns Wort) within 14 days of the first study day (oral contraceptives, contraceptive implants or depot injections, intra-uterine devices with hormonal implants, Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) and occasional paracetamol (up to 4 g daily) were permitted)
  • History of peptic ulceration or gastrointestinal bleeding
  • History of kidney disease
  • History of clotting disorders
  • Failure to satisfy the Principal Medical Investigator of fitness to participate for any other reason
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01356212

Locations
United Kingdom
Pharmaceutical Profiles, Ltd
Ruddington, Nottingham, United Kingdom, NG11 6JS
Sponsors and Collaborators
Luitpold Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: L Rankin, MD Pharmaceutical Profiles, Ltd
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: David Bregman, M.D., Ph.D., Luitpold Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01356212     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ROX 2002-02
Study First Received: May 16, 2011
Last Updated: May 17, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ketorolac
Ketorolac Tromethamine
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Antirheumatic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014