Calcineurin Inhibitor (CNI)-Free Immunosuppressive Regimen in T1D Patients Receiving Islet Transplantation (ECIT-1)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Piemonti Lorenzo, Scientific Institute San Raffaele Identifier:
First received: April 29, 2011
Last updated: October 3, 2012
Last verified: October 2012

Our final objective is to develop an adoptive therapy with tolerogenic donor-specific Tr1 cells in T1D patients undergoing pancreatic islet transplantation (Tx). The achievement of this objective depends by the availability of an immunosuppressive treatment (IS) compatible with the survival, function, and expansion of the transferred Tr1 cells. For this purpose the investigators design a CNI-free single-group, phase 1-2 trial excluding the ATG or anti-CD25 induction therapy after the 1st islet infusion

Condition Intervention Phase
Type 1 Diabetes
Drug: CNI free immunosuppression
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-step Trial Towards Single Donor Islet Transplantation in Type 1 Diabetic Patients, Using Calcineurin Inhibitor-free Immunosuppression

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Ospedale San Raffaele:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • the proportion of insulin free patients one and two years after the 1st islet infusion [ Time Frame: years 1 and 2 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Insulin independence is defined as no need for exogenous insulin, with adequate glycemic control [i.e., glycated hemoglobin <6.5% (normal range 3.5 - 6.0%), fasting glucose levels not exceeding 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) more than three times per week and 2-hour postprandial levels not exceeding 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L) more than four times per week].

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • insulin independence with adequate glycemic control throughout follow-up [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • glycated hemoglobin levels throughout follow-up [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • basal and stimulated blood C-peptide levels in response to arginine challenge throughout follow-up [ Time Frame: up to 3 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • the reduction in insulin requirement compared to baseline [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • severe hypoglycemic events since completion of transplant [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Any adverse event throughout follow-up [ Time Frame: up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: October 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: CNI-free single-group Drug: CNI free immunosuppression
Immunosuppression consisted of: (i) pre-Tx rapamycin treatment (0.1 mg/kg/day) for at least 30 days; (ii) induction therapy with ATG (1.5 mg/kg/day for 4 days starting at day -1) and a steroid bolus (methyl-prednisolone 500 mg, day -1) plus low dose steroids (prednisone, 10 mg/day) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist (100 mg/day) for 2 weeks (with ATG and steroid bolus administered only prior to the 1st islet infusion; (iii) maintenance with rapamycin (0.1 mg/kg/day) plus mycophenolate mofetil (2 g/day).
Other Name: Kineret, Rapamune, Thymoglobulin, Myfortic


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female patients aged 18-65yr
  • ability to provide written informed consent and comply with the study protocol procedures
  • clinical history of type 1 diabetes with onset <40yr of age, on insulin for

    • 5yr at the time of enrollment
  • absent stimulated C-peptide (<0.5ng/ml) in response to arginine
  • multiple (three or more) daily insulin injections or insulin pump therapy
  • self blood glucose monitoring ≥3 times/day, supervised by a specialist physician
  • high glycemic instability and hypoglycemia unawareness
  • inability to consistently attain a HbA1c < 7.5 % target without experiencing severe hypoglycemia (assistance by another person) in the past 36 months despite appropriate medical management.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • HbA1c >12%
  • BMI >30 kg/m2, or insulin requirement of > 0.8 IU/kg/day;
  • poorly controlled hypertension;
  • untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy;
  • presence or history of macroalbuminuria (>300mg/g day) or measured glomerular filtration rate <70 ml/min/1.73 m2 for females and <80 ml/min/1.73 m2 for males
  • for female participants: positive pregnancy test, presently breast-feeding, or unwilling to use effective contraceptive measures for the duration of the study and 3 months after discontinuation
  • for male participants: intent to procreate during the duration of the study or within 3 months after discontinuation or unwillingness to use effective measures of contraception;
  • any history of malignancy within the previous 5 years, except for completely resected squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin;
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01346085

IRCCS San Raffaele
Milan, Italy, 20132
Universitè de Geneve
Geneve, Switzerland, 1211
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ospedale San Raffaele
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Principal Investigator: Lorenzo Piemonti, MD Fondazione Centro San Raffaele del Monte Tabor
Principal Investigator: Thierry Berney, MD Universitè de Geneve
Study Chair: Antonio Secchi, MD Fondazione Centro San Raffaele del Monte Tabor
Study Director: Paola Maffi, MD Cantro San Raffaele del Monte Tabor
  More Information

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Piemonti Lorenzo, Director Islet Transplantation Program, Scientific Institute San Raffaele Identifier: NCT01346085     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ECIT-1
Study First Received: April 29, 2011
Last Updated: October 3, 2012
Health Authority: Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Ospedale San Raffaele:
islet transplantation
brittle diabetes
type 1 diabetes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases processed this record on April 15, 2014