A Pharmacokinetics Study of the Effects of GSK2118436 on Warfarin, the Effects of Ketoconazole and Gemfibrozil on GSK2118436, and the Effects of Repeat Doses of GSK2118436 in Subjects With BRAF Mutant Solid Tumors

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01340846
First received: April 14, 2011
Last updated: August 1, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

GSK2118436 is an orally administered, potent and selective small molecule BRAF inhibitor that is being developed for the treatment of BRAF mutation-positive tumors. This is a 4-part study (in 4 separate cohorts of subjects) designed to examine the interaction potential of GSK2118436, either as a perpetrator (i.e., effect of GSK2118436 on warfarin; Part A) or victim (i.e., effect of other drugs on GSK2118436; Part B: ketoconazole and Part C: gemfibrozil), as well as to evaluate the single and repeat dose pharmacokinetic parameters of GSK2118436 (Part D). A sufficient number of subjects will be screened to obtain approximately 12 evaluable subjects each for Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D. Following completion of this study, subjects may continue dosing with GSK2118436 in the roll-over study, Protocol BRF114144.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cancer
Drug: Warfarin
Drug: Ketoconazole
Drug: Gemfibrozil
Drug: GSK2118436 150mg
Drug: GSK2118436 75mg
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Four-Part, Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Effects of Repeat Dose GSK2118436 on the Single Dose Pharmacokinetics of Warfarin and the Effects of Repeat Dose Oral Ketoconazole and Oral Gemfibrozil on the Repeat Dose Pharmacokinetics of GSK2118436, and the Repeat Dose Pharmacokinetics of GSK2118436 in Subjects With BRAF Mutant Solid Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) of S-warfarin with and without GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to 168 hours after dosing on Day 1 (warfarin alone) and Day 22 (warfarin in combination with GSK2118436) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area under the concentration time curve (AUC) of S-warfarin with and without GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to 168 hours after dosing on Day 1 (warfarin alone) and Day 22 (warfarin in combination with GSK2118436) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) of GSK2118436 with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Area under the concentration time curve (AUC) of GSK2118436 with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cmax of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single and multiple 75mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 and up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • AUC of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single and multiple 75mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 and up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to Cmax (Tmax) of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single and multiple 75mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 and up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Half-life of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single 75mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cmax of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single and multiple 150mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 and up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • AUC of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single and multiple 150mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 and up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Tmax of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single and multiple 150mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 and up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Half-life of GSK2118436 and metabolites after single 150mg HPMC dose [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours after dosing on Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Cmax of R-warfarin with and without GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to 168 hours after dosing on Day 1 (warfarin alone) and Day 22 (warfarin in combination with GSK2118436) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to Cmax (Tmax) of R-warfarin [ Time Frame: Up to 168 hours after dosing on Day 1 (warfarin alone) and Day 22 (warfarin in combination with GSK2118436) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Trough concentration of GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to168 hours after dosing on Day 22 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of subjects with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: From date of first dose to transition to Rollover protocol BRF114144 (22 - 29 days) or study follow up visit if subject does not transition to BRF114144 (approximately 29 - 39 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Tmax for GSK2118436 with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • AUC, Cmax, Tmax and trough concentration of GSK2118436 metabolites with and without an inhibitor, and AUC ratio of metabolites to parent [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Inhibitor concentrations in combination with GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to12 hours after dosing on Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • AUC of R-warfarin with and without GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to 168 hours after dosing on Day 1 (warfarin alone) and Day 22 (warfarin in combination with GSK2118436) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Terminal half-life (t1/2) of R-warfarin [ Time Frame: Up to 168 hours after dosing on Day 1 (warfarin alone) and Day 22 (warfarin in combination with GSK2118436) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cmax of GSK2118436 [ Time Frame: Up to168 hours after dosing on Day 22 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Trough concentration for GSK2118436 with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cmax of GSK2118436 metabolites with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Tmax of GSK2118436 metabolites with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Trough concentration of GSK2118436 metabolites with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • AUC ratio of metabolites to parent with and without an inhibitor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 hours after dosing on Day 18 (GSK2118436 alone) and Day 22 (GSK2118436 in combination with inhibitor) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: September 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2012
Primary Completion Date: November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Part A
Warfarin dosed at 15mg
Drug: Warfarin
Warfarin dosed at 15mg on Day 1 and Day 22
Drug: GSK2118436 150mg
GSK2118436 dosed at 150mg twice daily
Experimental: Part B
Ketoconazole dosed at 400mg
Drug: Ketoconazole
Ketoconazole dosed at 400mg daily on Days 19 through 22
Drug: GSK2118436 75mg
GSK2118436 dosed at 75mg twice daily
Experimental: Part C
Gemfibrozil dosed at 600mg
Drug: Gemfibrozil
Gemfibrozil dosed at 600mg twice daily on Days 19 through 22
Drug: GSK2118436 75mg
GSK2118436 dosed at 75mg twice daily
Experimental: Part D
GSK2118436 dosed alone
Drug: GSK2118436 150mg
GSK2118436 dosed at 150mg twice daily

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female at least 18 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent form;
  • Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form;
  • Body weight >/= 45 kg and a body mass index >/= 19 kg/m2 and </= 35 kg/m2 (inclusive);
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication;
  • BRAF V600 mutation-positive tumor as determined in a CLIA-approved laboratory or equivalent (the local BRAF testing may be subject to subsequent verification by centralized testing);
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1; NOTE: Subjects with a performance status of 2 can be enrolled if the patient's confinement to bed and inability to carry out work activities is due solely to cancer-related pain, as assessed by the Investigator;
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men with reproductive potential must be willing to practice acceptable methods of birth control. Additionally, women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to the first dose of study medication;
  • Must have adequate organ function as defined by the following values:

Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >/=1.2 x 109/L Hemoglobin >/= 9 g/dL Platelets >/= 100 x 109/L Serum bilirubin >/= 1.5 x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) AST and ALT >/= 2.5 x ULN; <5 x ULN if liver metastases are present (with approval of GSK medical monitor) Serum creatinine >/= ULN or calculated creatinine clearance >/= 60 mL/min PT/INR and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) >/= 1.3 x ULN Left ventricular ejection fraction >/= institutional lower limit of normal by ECHO

  • CYP2C9 genotype of *1/*1 (wildtype), *1/*2 or *1/*3 (Part A only)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Currently receiving cancer therapy (e.g., chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, extensive radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy) within the last three weeks; chemotherapy regimens without delayed toxicity within the last 2 weeks;
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 28 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is warranted by the data);
  • Current use of a prohibited medication or herbal preparation or requires any of these medications during the study;
  • Consumption of red wine, Seville oranges, grapefruit or grapefruit juice from 7 days prior to the first dose of study medication;
  • History of sensitivity to heparin or heparin-induced thrombocytopenia;
  • Any major surgery within the last 4 weeks;
  • Unresolved toxicity greater than National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0 (NCI CTCAE v4.0) [NCI, 2009] Grade 2 from previous anti-cancer therapy except alopecia;
  • Presence of active GI disease or other condition (e.g., small bowel or large bowel resection) that will interfere significantly with the absorption of drugs. If clarification is needed as to whether a condition will significantly affect absorption of drugs, contact the GSK medical monitor;
  • A history of known Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection (subjects with laboratory evidence of HBV clearance may be enrolled);
  • Presence of invasive malignancy, other than the primary diagnosis;
  • Parts B and C: Subjects with brain metastases are excluded if their brain metastases are either:

Symptomatic Treated (surgery, radiation therapy) but not clinically and radiographically stable one month after local therapy, or Asymptomatic and untreated but > 1 cm in the longest dimension Patients with small (≤ 1 cm in the longest dimension), asymptomatic brain metastases that do not need immediate local therapy can be enrolled with the approval of the GSK medical monitor. Subjects on a stable dose of corticosteroids for more than one month, or those who have been off corticosteroids for at least two weeks can be enrolled. Subjects must also be off of enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for more than four weeks; Note: Any brain metastases is exclusionary for Part A (must be excluded by prior imaging);

  • Corrected QT (QTcB) interval >/= 480 msecs;
  • History of acute coronary syndromes (including unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within the past 24 weeks;
  • Class II, III, or IV heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system; abnormal cardiac valve morphology documented by ECHO (subjects with minimal abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study - if clarification is needed as to whether an ECHO abnormality is minimal, please contact the GSK medical monitor); or history of known cardiac arrhythmias (except sinus arrythmias) within the past 24 weeks;
  • Known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to the study drugs, or excipients (note: to date there are no known drugs chemically related to GSK2118436 which are approved by the FDA);
  • Uncontrolled medical conditions (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver disease), psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical conditions that do not permit compliance with the protocol; or unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures required in the protocol;
  • Subjects with known glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency;
  • Pregnant females as determined by positive hCG test at screening or prior to dosing;
  • Lactating females who are actively breast feeding;
  • Subject is mentally or legally incapacitated;
  • Part A only: Use of warfarin or exogenous Vitamin K (other than from dietary sources) within 30 days prior to treatment with study medication;
  • Part A only: Subjects with history of GI bleeding, or GI ulceration;
  • Part A only: Subjects with known history of Protein C and/or Protein S deficiency, or any other type of coagulopathy;
  • Part A only: Subjects requiring any type of anticoagulation, or taking Aspirin at doses greater than 81 mg/day;
  • Part A only: Subjects with brain metastases;
  • Part A only: Any subject who by history regularly consumes a large quantity of foods rich in vitamin K will be excluded unless he/she restricts the vitamin K intake for at least one week prior to the first dose of warfarin. For study purposes, large quantities of vitamin K-containing food will be defined as 10 or more portions per week of the following: kale, spinach, turnip greens, cauliflower, chick peas, brussels sprouts, green tea, liver, soybean oil and soy protein products.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01340846

Locations
United States, Arizona
GSK Investigational Site
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, Florida
GSK Investigational Site
Sarasota, Florida, United States, 34232
United States, Michigan
GSK Investigational Site
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, Ohio
GSK Investigational Site
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Oklahoma
GSK Investigational Site
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, South Carolina
GSK Investigational Site
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29605
United States, Tennessee
GSK Investigational Site
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
United States, Utah
GSK Investigational Site
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
United Kingdom
GSK Investigational Site
London, United Kingdom, W1G 6AD
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01340846     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 113771
Study First Received: April 14, 2011
Last Updated: August 1, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
gemfibrozil
BRAF
Drug Interactions
GSK2118436
warfarin
ketoconazole
BRAF inhibitor
oncology
BRAF positive tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Dabrafenib
Gemfibrozil
Ketoconazole
Warfarin
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Anti-Infective Agents
Anticoagulants
Antifungal Agents
Antimetabolites
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Hematologic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014