Vaccine Therapy Following Therapeutic Autologous Lymphocytes and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01339663
First received: April 18, 2011
Last updated: April 17, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of autologous T-antigen-presenting cells (T-APC) vaccine following therapeutic autologous lymphocytes (CTL) and cyclophosphamide in treating patients with metastatic melanoma. Aldesleukin may stimulate lymphocytes, such as CTL, to kill melanoma cells. Treating lymphocytes with aldesleukin in the laboratory may help the lymphocytes kill more tumor cells when they are put back in the body. Vaccines made from melanoma antigen may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells and may boost the effect of the CTL. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving T-APC vaccine after CTL and cyclophosphamide may be an effective treatment for melanoma


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Melanoma
Stage IV Melanoma
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: immunologic technique
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Biological: therapeutic autologous lymphocytes
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study To Evaluate The Use Of Autologous T- Antigen-Presenting Cells (T-APC) To Enhance The Persistence Of Adoptively Transferred CD8+ Antigen-Specific T Cells (CTL) Following Cyclophosphamide Conditioning For Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Treatment-related dose limiting toxicity (DLT) as defined by Grade 3 or greater unexpected toxicity by the NCI Common Toxicity Criteria (CTC) v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks after the T cell infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Assessed at the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or dose level immediately below the dose level for which the incidence of DLT was less than 35%.

  • In vivo persistence of adoptively transferred T cells [ Time Frame: At 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed by intrapatient comparison between the first (without T-APC) and second (with T-APC) CTL infusion. Descriptive statistics will be applied and t-tests of intrapatient in vivo T cell persistence between the two Infusions will be determined.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks after second dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: March 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (dose-escalation, T-APC boost, CTL)

INFUSION I: Patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide IV on day days -4 and -3 and low-dose IL-2 SC BID on days 0-14. Patients also receive CTL IV on day 0.

INFUSION II: Beginning 6-48 hours later, patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide, low-dose IL-2, and CTL as in Infusion I. Patients also receive T-APC vaccine IV within 18-36 hours following CTL infusion and in week 4, and IL-2 SC BID on days 0-14 following second T-APC vaccination.

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Biological: aldesleukin
Given SC
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Proleukin
  • recombinant human interleukin-2
  • recombinant interleukin-2
Biological: autologous tumor cell vaccine
Receive T-APC via IV
Other Names:
  • AC vaccine
  • ATCV
  • Autologous Cell Vaccine
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: immunologic technique
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • immunological laboratory methods
  • laboratory methods, immunological
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Correlative studies
Other Name: immunohistochemistry
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Correlative studies
Other Name: PCR
Biological: therapeutic autologous lymphocytes
Receive adoptively transferred CD8+ antigen-specific T cell clones via IV
Other Names:
  • AL
  • Autologous Lymphocytes
  • autologous T cells

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Assess the safety and toxicity of T-APC vaccination following adoptive T cell therapy.

II. Evaluate the functional and numeric in vivo persistence of adoptively transferred cytotoxic t lymphocytes (CTL) followed by T-APC vaccination.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the antitumor effect of adoptive T cell therapy followed by T-APC vaccination.

OUTLINE : This is a dose-escalation study of T-APC vaccine.

INFUSION I: Patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) on days -4 and -3 and low-dose aldesleukin (IL-2) subcutaneously (SC) twice daily (BID) on days 0-14. Patients also receive CTL IV on day 0.

INFUSION II: Beginning 6-48 hours later, patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide, low-dose IL-2, and CTL as in Infusion I. Patients also receive T-APC vaccine IV within 18-36 hours following CTL infusion and in week 4, and IL-2 SC BID on days 0-14 following second T-APC vaccination.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 8 weeks.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histopathological documentation of melanoma concurrent with the diagnosis of metastatic disease
  • Tumor expression of melanocyte differentiation antigen (MDA: MART-1 = 2+ staining or > 25%) by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
  • Expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A201
  • Zubrod performance status of '0-1' at the time of treatment
  • Bi-dimensionally measurable disease by palpation on clinical exam, or radiographic imaging (X-ray, computed tomography [CT] scan)
  • Normal cardiac stress test will be required for all patients with any history of cardiac disease

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women, nursing mothers, men or women of reproductive ability who are unwilling to use effective contraception or abstinence; women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within two weeks prior to entry
  • Serum creatinine > 1.6 mg/dL or Creatinine clearance < 75 ml/min
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) > 150 IU or > 3x upper limit of normal
  • Bilirubin > 1.6 mg/dL
  • Prothrombin time > 1.5 x control
  • Clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam; patients so identified will undergo pulmonary functions testing and those with forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 2.0 L or carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLco) (corr for hemoglobin [Hgb]) < 75% will be excluded
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Clinically significant hypotension
  • Symptoms of coronary artery disease
  • Presence of cardiac arrhythmias on electrocardiograph (EKG) requiring drug therapy
  • Ejection fraction < 50 % (echocardiogram or multi gated acquisition scan [MUGA])
  • Symptomatic central nervous system metastases greater than 1 cm at time of therapy; patients with 1-2 asymptomatic, less than 1 cm brain/central nervous system (CNS) metastases without significant edema may be considered for treatment
  • Patients with active infections or oral temperature > 38.2 C within 72 hours of study entry or systemic infection requiring chronic maintenance or suppressive therapy
  • Chemotherapeutic agents (standard or experimental), radiation therapy, or other immunosuppressive therapies less than 3 weeks prior to T cell therapy; (patients with bulky disease may undergo cytoreductive chemotherapy but treatment will be discontinued at least 3 weeks prior to T cell therapy)
  • Clinically significant autoimmune disorders or conditions of immunosuppression; patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 associated complex or known to HIV antibody seropositive or known to be recently polymerase chain reaction (PCR)+ for hepatitis are not eligible for this study; virology testing will be done within 6 months of T cell infusion; the severely depressed immune system found in these infected patients and the possibility of premature death would compromise study objectives
  • Chemotherapeutic agents (standard or experimental), radiation therapy, or other immunosuppressive therapies less than 3 weeks prior to T cell therapy
  • Current treatment with steroids
  • Patients must not be receiving any other experimental drugs within 3 weeks of the initiation of the protocol and must have recovered from all side effects of such therapy
  • Patients for whom we are unable to generate MART-1 specific T cells
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01339663

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sylvia Lee Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01339663     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2481.00, NCI-2011-00383, K12CA076930
Study First Received: April 18, 2011
Last Updated: April 17, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Cyclophosphamide
Aldesleukin
Interleukin-2
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014