The Effect of Ranibizumab on Eye Lens Opacity in Cases With Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Purpose To evaluate the cataractogenic effect of intravitreal ranibizumab with the use of Lens Opacity Classification System III (LOCS III).
Settings Cases with a diagnosis of wet AMD were included in this university practice based prospective study.
Methods All cases had monthly injections of intravitreal ranibizumab in the first 3 months; subsequently an OCT-guided pro re nata injection regimen has been adopted. All cases had a comprehensive eye examination and LOCS III evaluation at baseline and 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after the initial injection. Examination outcomes and change from baseline in LOCS III grades at 12 months were recorded.
Results Eighteen eyes of 13 cases (7 female, 6 male) were included in this study. The mean age at the baseline was 75,3 + 6,6 years. A mean of 3,4 + 0,7 injections were given on each eye. Mean follow-up was 13,83 + 2,33 months. Baseline mean visual acuity improved from 1,04 + 0,10 logMAR units to 0,76 + 0,26 logMAR units after 3 injections (P < 0.05). At the 12th month of follow-up mean visual acuity was 0,71 + 0,27 logMAR units. According to LOCS III grades none of the cases had a prominent change in nuclear color, nuclear opalescence, cortical and posterior subcapsular opacification throughout the follow-up. IOP remained stable at all follow-up points. No complications were recorded throughout the study.
Conclusion Intravitreal ranibizumab is an efficient treatment in wet AMD. Results of LOCS III assessments in this pilot study suggest that intravitreal ranibizumab has no effect on the progression of lens opacity.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case-Crossover
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Effect of Ranibizumab on Eye Lens Opacity in Cases With Age-Related Macular Degeneration|
- Lens Opacity Classification System (LOCS) III grades [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in LOCS III grades at 12 months are recorded. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Evaluation of lens status are assessed according to LOCS III standards. Attributes of LOCS III; nuclear color (NC), nuclear opalescence (NO), cortical opacity (CO), and posterior subcapsular opacity (PSC) are graded for each eye. Each attribute range from 0.1 (clear) to 6.9 (most advanced) in 0.1 increments.Change from baseline in LOCS III grades at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and at 12 months are recorded.
- Best corrected visual acuity [ Time Frame: change from baseline in LOCS III grades at 12 months are recorded ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Best corrected visual acuity of each individual is recorded
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Cohort is composed of cases with a diagnosis of wet age-related macular degeneration and those that received intravitreal ranibizumab
In the last decade, significant progress has been made in the treatment of wet AMD. At the present intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy has become the mainstay of treatment. Nevertheless, intravitreal application is a hazardous procedure with a wide range of complications. Endophthalmitis, intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and cataract are among the major complications.
The current study is focused on the cataractogenic potential of intravitreal ranibizumab. Cataract formation following intravitreal application is frequently associated with an inadvertent trauma at the procedure. However, occasionally the drug -itself- may precipitate cataract formation. Accelerated formation of cataract, has previously been shown as a possible cause of decreased visual acuity, in some cases who received intravitreal injections of triamcinolone. However, no prospective study has, as yet, assessed anti-VEGF agent related cataract progression in cases of AMD. Herein, the investigators have investigated the cataractogenic effect of intravitreal ranibizumab by using the Lens Opacity Classification System III (LOCS III).
|Uludag University School of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology|
|Bursa, Turkey, 16059|
|Principal Investigator:||Mehmet Baykara, M.D||Uludag University School of Medicine, Department Of Ophthalmlogy|