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Vaccine Immunotherapy for Recurrent Medulloblastoma and Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor (Re-MATCH)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified September 2014 by University of Florida
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida Identifier:
First received: July 22, 2010
Last updated: September 22, 2014
Last verified: September 2014

Immunotherapy is a specific approach to treating cancer that has shown promise in adult patients for the treatment of melanoma, malignant brain tumors, and other cancers. The study investigators will use the experience they have gained from these studies to try to improve the outcome for children affected by a recurrent brain tumor.

This study will have two phases.

During Phase I, approximately 9 patients will be treated with increasing doses of tumor-specific immune cells to determine the safety of this treatment. Phase I patients will also receive dendritic cell vaccines to help boost the function of these immune cells and maintain their growth.

During Phase II, approximately 35 patients will be treated with tumor-specific immune cells and dendritic cell vaccines to see what impact they have on the tumor.

Condition Intervention Phase
Neuroectodermal Tumor
Biological: TTRNA-xALT
Biological: TTRNA-DCs
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Recurrent Medulloblastoma and Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor Adoptive T Cell Therapy During Recover From Myeloablative Chemotherapy and Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Florida:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Subject with Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: 12 Months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time between vaccine #1 and documented tumor recurrence or last follow-up.

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: April 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: TTRNA-xALT & TTRNA-DCs
TTRNA-xALT 3 x 10^7/kg by intravenous injection once. TTRNA-DCs 1 x 10^7 by intradermal injection every 2 weeks for 3 total doses.
Biological: TTRNA-xALT
TTRNA-xALT 3 x 10^7/kg by intravenous injection once.
Biological: TTRNA-DCs
TTRNA-DCs 1 x 10^7 by intradermal injection every 2 weeks for 3 total doses.

Detailed Description:

Malignant brain tumors now represent the most frequent cause of cancer death in children. Despite aggressive and highly toxic multi-modality therapy including surgery, craniospinal radiation, and high-dose chemotherapy coupled with peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, almost half the children diagnosed with the most common malignant brain tumors, medulloblastoma (MB) and primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET), will still die from recurrent disease. Furthermore, survivors are often left with severe and lifelong treatment-associated cognitive and motor deficits. The development of more effective and tumor-specific therapies that will not add further toxicity to existing treatments is paramount in improving clinical outcomes for children affected by MB/PNETs. Immunotherapy targeting tumor-specific antigens expressed within brain tumors is a modality potentially capable of meeting this clear and urgent need.

Despite considerable advancements and promising clinical results observed in immunotherapy trials directed against adult malignant brain tumors, efforts in the immunologic treatment of pediatric brain tumors have been limited to relatively few notable studies. This is due, at least in part, to the often limited viable tumor tissue available for tumor cell-based vaccine preparations, and the lack of identification of consistently expressed tumor-specific antigens within these cancers.

The use of total tumor RNA (TTRNA)-loaded dendritic cells (DCs) was pioneered at Duke University, as a novel platform for inducing potent immunologic responses against the variety of uncharacterized and patient-specific antigens present within malignant tumor cells. Duke demonstrated that sufficient RNA for clinical vaccine preparations can be amplified with high fidelity using existing molecular technologies from as few as 500 isolated pediatric and adult brain tumor cells, thus allowing vaccine preparation from surgical biopsies and even microdissected archival tumor specimens. In this study, the investigators will treat recurrent MB/PNETs during hematopoietic recovery from chemotherapy.

Immunotherapy administered during recovery from chemotherapy may have tremendous advantages, as adoptive cellular therapy following lymphodepletive conditioning regimens has emerged as the most effective treatment strategy for advanced and refractory melanoma. Our hypothesis is that DC + ex vivo expanded Autologous Lymphocyte Transfer (xALT) therapy targeting recurrent MB/PNETs during recovery from myeloablative chemotherapy will be safe and will prolong survival in children and young adults with recurrent MB/PNETs.

The investigators will:

  1. Establish the safety of DC + ALT therapy;
  2. Determine the impact of DC + ALT therapy on progression-free survival and overall survival;
  3. Investigate the correlation between clinical outcome and the frequency and persistence of tumor-specific T cells in the peripheral blood of treated patients;
  4. Determine the impact on circulating levels of homeostatic and inflammatory cytokines, toll-receptor activation status, and on the functional recovery of lymphocyte and natural killer cellular subsets.

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≤ 30 years of age.
  • Patients must have histologically confirmed recurrent MB/PNET and received definitive radiotherapy (craniospinal + focal boost) prior to relapse.
  • Karnofsky Performance Status of ≥ 50% or Lansky Performance Score of ≥ 50.
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1000/µl (unsupported).
  • Platelets ≥ 100,000/µl (unsupported).
  • Hemoglobin > 8 g/dL (may be supported).
  • Serum creatinine ≤ upper limit of institutional normal
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) of at least 70 ml/min/1.73m^2.
  • Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal for age.
  • Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (ALT) ≤ 3 times institutional upper limit of normal for age.
  • Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase (AST) ≤ 3 times institutional upper limit of normal for age.
  • ECHO cardiogram with a shortening fraction of ≥ 27%.
  • EKG without clinically significant arrhythmias.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or need to breast feed during the study period.
  • Active infection requiring treatment or an unexplained febrile (> 101.5o F) illness.
  • Known immunosuppressive disease or human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  • Patients with active renal, cardiac (congestive cardiac failure, myocardial infarction, myocarditis), or pulmonary disease.
  • Patients receiving concomitant immunosuppressive agents for medical condition
  • Patients who need definitive radiotherapy for treatment of recurrent MB/PNET.
  • Patients receiving any other concurrent anticancer or investigational drug therapy.
  • Patients with any clinically significant unrelated systemic illness (serious infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ dysfunction),
  • Patients with inability to return for follow-up visits or obtain follow-up studies required to assess toxicity to therapy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01326104

Contact: Marcia Hodik, RN 352-273-6971

United States, Florida
University of Florida Recruiting
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610
Contact: Marcia Hodik, RN    352-273-6971   
Principal Investigator: Duane Mitchell         
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Not yet recruiting
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
Contact: Jennifer King, RN    919-668-5364   
Principal Investigator: Sridharan Gururangan, MRCP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
Principal Investigator: Duane Mitchell, MD, PhD University of Florida
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Florida Identifier: NCT01326104     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Re-MATCH, W81XWH-10-1-0089, CDMRP-PRO93877
Study First Received: July 22, 2010
Last Updated: September 22, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Florida:
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial processed this record on November 27, 2014