An Exercise Endurance Study to Evaluate the Effects of Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients With a Dual Bronchodilator: GSK573719/GW642444.Study B

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01323660
First received: March 24, 2011
Last updated: March 13, 2014
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

This is a phase III multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, combination and component, two-period, incomplete block design cross-over study using GSK573719/GW642444. The primary objective is to evaluate lung function and exercise endurance time after 12 weeks of once-daily administration of GSK573719/GW642444 Inhalation Powder (125/25mcg and 62.5/25mcg), GSK573719 Inhalation Powder (125mcg and 62.5mcg), GW642444 Inhalation Powder 25 mcg and placebo delivered by a Novel dry powder inhaler (Novel DPI).


Condition Intervention Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 125/25
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 62.5/25
Drug: GSK573719 125
Drug: GSK573719 62.5
Drug: GW642444 25
Device: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Exercise Endurance Study to Evaluate the Effects of Treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients With a Dual Bronchodilator: GSK573719/GW642444. Study B

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Exercise Endurance Time Post-dose at Week 12 of Each Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 12 of each treatment period (up to Study Week 30) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Exercise endurance time (EET) post-dose at Week 12 is defined as the EET obtained 3 hours after dosing at Week 12. EET was measured using the externally paced field walking test called the endurance shuttle walk test (ESWT). Analysis performed using a repeated measures model with covariates of period walking speed, mean walking speed, period, treatment, visit, smoking status, center group, visit by period walking speed, visit by mean walking speed and visit by treatment interactions. The model used all available 3-hour post-dose change from baseline EET values recorded on Day 2, Week 6 and Week 12. Baseline was the EET assessment obtained prior to dosing on Day 1 of each period. The mean walking speed for each participant is the mean of the levels used for the ESWT in each of the two treatment periods. The period walking speed for each participant and treatment period is the difference between the level for that participant and period and the mean walking speed for that participant.

  • Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) at Week 12 of Each Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 12 of each treatment period (up to Study Week 30) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FEV1 is a measure of lung function and is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. Trough FEV1 measurements were taken electronically by spirometry on Day 2, Week 6 and Week 12. Baseline is the FEV1 value recorded pre-dose on Day 1 of each treatment period, mean Baseline is the mean of the Baselines for each participant, and period Baseline is the difference between the Baseline and the mean Baseline in each treatment period for each participant. Clinic visit trough (pre-bronchodilator and pre-dose) FEV1 at Week 12 (Treatment Day 85) is defined as the FEV1 value obtained 24 hours after dosing on Treatment Day 84. Analysis performed using a repeated measures model with covariates of period Baseline, mean Baseline, period, treatment, visit, smoking status, center group, visit by period Baseline, visit by mean Baseline and visit by treatment interactions.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in Inspiratory Capacity (Trough and 3-hours Post-dose) at Week 12 of Each Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 12 of each treatment period (up to Study Week 30) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Inspiratory capacity (IC) is defined as the maximum amount of air that can be inhaled into the lungs from the normal resting position after breathing out normally. Baseline is the IC value recorded pre-dose on Day 1 of each treatment period, mean Baseline is the mean of the Baselines for each participant, and period Baseline is the difference between the Baseline and the mean Baseline in each treatment period for each participant. Trough IC is measured pre-dose on Treatment Week 12 of each treatment period. IC 3-hours post-dose is measured from the value obtained 3 hours after dosing on Treatment Week 12 of each treatment period. Analysis performed using a repeated measures model with covariates of period Baseline, mean Baseline, period, treatment, visit, smoking status, center group, visit by period Baseline, visit by mean Baseline and visit by treatment interactions. IC measurements were taken electronically by plethysmography on Day 2, Week 6 and Week 12.

  • Change From Baseline in Functional Residual Capacity (Trough and 3-hours Post-dose) at Week 12 of Each Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 12 of each treatment period (up to Study Week 30) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Functional Residual Capacity (FRC) is defined as the amount of air still left in the lungs after breathing out normally. Baseline is the FRC value recorded pre-dose on Day 1 of each treatment period, mean Baseline is the mean of the Baselines for each participant, and period Baseline is the difference between the Baseline and the mean Baseline in each treatment period for each participant. Trough FRC is measured pre-dose on Treatment Week 12. FRC 3-hours post-dose is measured from the value obtained 3 hours after dosing on Treatment Week 12. Analysis performed using a repeated measures model with covariates of period Baseline, mean Baseline, period, treatment, visit, smoking status, center group, visit by period Baseline, visit by mean Baseline and visit by treatment interactions. FRC measurements were taken electronically by plethysmography on Day 2, Week 6 and Week 12.

  • Change From Baseline in Residual Volume (Trough and 3-hours Post-dose) at Week 12 of Each Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 12 of each treatment period (up to Study Week 30) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Residual Volume (RV) is defined as the air that remains in the lungs after breathing out as fully as possible. Baseline is the RV value recorded pre-dose on Day 1 of each treatment period, mean Baseline is the mean of the Baselines for each participant, and period Baseline is the difference between the Baseline and the mean Baseline in each treatment period for each participant. Trough RV is measured pre-dose on Treatment Week 12. RV 3-hours post-dose is measured from the value obtained 3 hours after dosing on Treatment Week 12. Analysis performed using a repeated measures model with covariates of period Baseline, mean Baseline, period, treatment, visit, smoking status, center group, visit by period Baseline, visit by mean Baseline and visit by treatment interactions. RV measurements were taken electronically by plethysmography on Day 2, Week 6 and Week 1.

  • Change From Baseline in 3-hours Post-dose FEV1 at Week 12 of Each Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Week 12 of each treatment period (up to Study Week 30) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    FEVI is a measure of lung function and is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. Baseline is the FEV1 value recorded pre-dose on Day 1 of each treatment period, mean Baseline is the mean of the Baselines for each participant, and period Baseline is the difference between the Baseline and the mean Baseline in each treatment period for each participant. Clinic visit post-dose FEV1 at Week 12 (Treatment Day 85) is defined as the FEV1 value obtained 3 hours after dosing on Treatment Day 85. Analysis performed using a repeated measures model with covariates of period Baseline, mean Baseline, period, treatment, visit, smoking status, center group, visit by period Baseline, visit by mean Baseline and visit by treatment interactions 3 hour post-dose FEV1 measurements were taken electronically by spirometry on Day 2, Week 6 and Week 12.


Enrollment: 307
Study Start Date: March 2011
Study Completion Date: July 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: GSK573719/GW642444 125/25
125mcg/25mcg nDPI
Drug: GSK573719 125
125mcg QID
Drug: GW642444 25
25mcg QID
Device: placebo
Comparator QID
Experimental: GSK573719/GW642444 62.5/25
62.5mcg/25mcg nDPI
Drug: GSK573719 62.5
62.5mcg QID
Drug: GW642444 25
25mcg QID
Device: placebo
Comparator QID
Experimental: GSK573719/ 125
125mcg nDPI
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 125/25
125mcg/ 25mcg QID (Once daily , inhaled)
Device: placebo
Comparator QID
Experimental: GSK573719 62.5
62.5mcg nDPI
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 62.5/25
62.5mcg/25mcg QID
Device: placebo
Comparator QID
Experimental: GW642444 25
25mcg nDPI
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 125/25
125mcg/ 25mcg QID (Once daily , inhaled)
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 62.5/25
62.5mcg/25mcg QID
Device: placebo
Comparator QID
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Plb nDPI
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 125/25
125mcg/ 25mcg QID (Once daily , inhaled)
Drug: GSK573719/GW642444 62.5/25
62.5mcg/25mcg QID
Drug: GSK573719 125
125mcg QID
Drug: GSK573719 62.5
62.5mcg QID
Drug: GW642444 25
25mcg QID

Detailed Description:

Expiratory airflow limitation is the most obvious physiological change associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A consequence of airflow limitation is gas trapping as expiration becomes flow limited. This may occur at rest with more severe airway obstruction and is most evident during exercise as lung emptying is reduced and increased ventilation does not allow full expiration. This increased gas trapping or hyperinflation is the cause of much of the increased work of breathing, dyspnea, and exercise intolerance in subjects with COPD (O'Donnell 1997; O'Donnell, 1993). Spirometric measurement of airflow limitation, particularly as assessed by forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), is commonly used for the diagnosis of and assessment of response to pharmacotherapeutic intervention in COPD. However, changes in FEV1 may not fully predict symptomatic responses and alternative measures of lung hyperinflation such as exercise tolerance and exertional dyspnea may be more sensitive to therapeutic intervention and/or more clinically relevant than FEV1 [O'Donnell1999; Bauerle, 1998; O'Donnell, 1998; Officer, 1998]. GSK573719/GW642444 Inhalation Powder, a combination of the long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) bronchodilator GSK573719 and the long-acting beta2-agonist (LABA) bronchodilator GW642444, is in development for the maintenance treatment of airflow obstruction associated with COPD. Development of this product is supported by studies showing improvement in lung function with similar safety when use of combinations of long-acting bronchodilators with different mechanisms of action are compared with single bronchodilator therapy [van Noord 2005; van Noord van Noord 2006; Tashkin 2008]. Previous studies have demonstrated that treatment with short- and long-acting bronchodilators including ipratropium, tiotropium, and salmeterol reduces resting lung hyperinflation as measured by functional residual capacity (FRC), residual volume (RV), and inspiratory capacity (IC), with associated improvements in exercise endurance time and exertional dyspnoea in subjects with COPD [Ayers, 2001; O'Donnell 1998; O'Donnell 2004; Pepin 2005; Pepin 2007; Ramirez-Venegas 1997]. However, the effect of combined LAMA/LABA therapy on these measures is not well characterized.

This is a phase III multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, combination and component, two-period, incomplete block design cross-over study using GSK573719/GW642444. The primary objective is to evaluate lung function and exercise endurance time after 12 weeks of once-daily administration of GSK573719/GW642444 Inhalation Powder (125/25mcg and 62.5/25mcg), GSK573719 Inhalation Powder (125mcg and 62.5mcg), GW642444 Inhalation Powder 25 mcg and placebo delivered by a Novel dry powder inhaler (Novel DPI) Approximately 312 subjects with moderate/severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) will be randomised in order to achieve 208 subjects completing both treatment periods of 3 months.. There will be a total of 12 study clinic visits conducted on an outpatient basis. Subjects who meet the eligibility criteria at Screening (Visit 1) will complete a 12 to 21 day run-in period followed by two 12-week treatment periods that are separated by a 14 day wash-out. Clinic visits will be conducted at Screening (Visit 1), twice during the run-in period (Visits 2 and 3), at randomization (Visit 4) and three times during the first treatment period, on Treatment Day 2 (Visit 5) and at 6 and 12 weeks (Visits 6 and 7 respectively). During the washout period of 14 days there will be 2 clinic visits (Visits 8 and 9). During the second treatment period there will be 3 clinic visits, on Treatment Day 2 (Visit 10) and at 6 and 12 weeks (Visits 11 and 12 respectively). A Safety Follow-Up assessment (Visit 13) to record adverse events will be conducted by telephone 7 days after the end of the second treatment period or early withdrawal. Efficacy measurements will include pre and post dose FEV1, lung volume measurements and exercise endurance time measured using the endurance shuttle walking test (ESWT). Safety and tolerability will be assessed by collection of adverse events (AEs), vital signs, 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs), clinical laboratory tests and incidence of COPD exacerbations. Dyspnea will be assessed using the Exercise Dyspnea Scale (EDS), a patient-reported outcome. Blood samples will also be collected for potential pharmacogenetics analysis

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type of subject: Outpatient.
  • Informed Consent: A signed and dated written informed consent prior to study participation.
  • Age: 40 years of age or older at Visit 1.
  • Gender: Male or female subjects.
  • Diagnosis: An established clinical history of COPD in accordance with the definition by the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society [Celli, 2004]
  • Smoking History: Current or former cigarette smokers with a history of cigarette smoking of ≥ 10 pack-years
  • Severity of Disease: A post-albuterol/salbutamol FEV1/FVC ratio of 0.70 and a post-albuterol/salbutamol FEV1 of >35% and <70% of predicted normal
  • Dyspnea: A score of ≥2 on the Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (mMRC) at Visit 1
  • Resting Lung Volumes: A resting FRC of ≥120% of predicted normal FRC at Visit 1.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy: Women who are pregnant or lactating or are planning on becoming pregnant during the study.
  • Asthma: A current diagnosis of asthma.
  • Other Respiratory Disorders: Known respiratory disorders other than COPD including but not limited to alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, active tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, sarcoidosis, lung fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, and interstitial lung disease. Allergic rhinitis is not exclusionary.
  • Other Diseases/Abnormalities: Subjects with historical or current evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, neurological, psychiatric, renal, hepatic, immunological, endocrine (including uncontrolled diabetes or thyroid disease) or haematological abnormalities that are uncontrolled and/or a previous history of cancer in remission for < 5 years prior to Visit 1 (localized carcinoma of the skin that has been resected for cure is not exclusionary). Significant is defined as any disease that, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the safety of the subject at risk through participation, or which would affect the efficacy or safety analysis if the disease/condition exacerbated during the study. Any physical or mental abnormality which would affect the patient carrying out exercise tests including peripheral vascular disease should be excluded at the investigators discretion.
  • Chest X-Ray: A chest X-ray or computed tomography (CT) scan that reveals evidence of clinically significant abnormalities not believed to be due to the presence of COPD. A chest X-ray must be taken at Visit 1 if a chest X-ray or CT scan is not available within 6 months prior to Visit 1. For subjects in Germany, if a chest X-ray (or CT scan) is not available in the 6 months prior to Visit 1 the subject will not be eligible for the study.
  • Contraindications: A history of allergy or hypersensitivity to any anticholinergic/muscarinic receptor antagonist, beta2-agonist, lactose/milk protein or magnesium stearate or a medical condition such as narrow-angle glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy or bladder neck obstruction that, in the opinion of the study physician contraindicates study participation or use of an inhaled anticholinergic.
  • Hospitalization: Hospitalization for COPD or pneumonia within 12 weeks prior to Visit 1.
  • Lung Resection: Subjects with lung volume reduction surgery within the 12 months prior to Screening (Visit 1).
  • 12-Lead ECG: An abnormal and significant ECG finding from the 12-lead ECG conducted at Visit 1, including the presence of a paced rhythm on a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) which causes the underlying rhythm and ECG to be obscured. Investigators will be provided with ECG reviews conducted by a centralized independent cardiologist to assist in evaluation of subject eligibility.
  • Screening Labs: Significantly abnormal finding from clinical chemistry and hematology tests at Visit 1.
  • Medication Prior to Spirometry: Unable to withhold albuterol/salbutamol for the 4 hour period required prior to spirometry testing at each study visit.
  • Medications prior to Screening, including depot,oral corticosteroids, combinations of LABA/ICS, LABA, PDE4 inhibitors.
  • Oxygen: Use of long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) described as oxygen therapy prescribed for greater than 12 hours a day. As-needed oxygen use (i.e., <12 hours per day) is not exclusionary.
  • Nebulized Therapy: Regular use (prescribed for use every day, not for as-needed use) of short-acting bronchodilators (e.g., albuterol/salbutamol) via nebulized therapy
  • Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program: Participation in the acute phase of a pulmonary rehabilitation program within 4 weeks prior to Visit 1. Subjects who are in the maintenance phase of a pulmonary rehabilitation program are not excluded.
  • Drug or Alcohol Abuse: A known or suspected history of alcohol or drug abuse within 2 years prior to Visit 1.
  • Affiliation with Investigator Site: Is an investigator, sub-investigator, study coordinator, employee of a participating investigator or study site, or immediate family member of the aforementioned that is involved in this study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01323660

  Show 53 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01323660     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 114418
Study First Received: March 24, 2011
Results First Received: December 19, 2013
Last Updated: March 13, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Chronic Disease
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014