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Ofatumumab vs Physician's Choice in Subjects With Bulky Fludarabine-Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01313689
First received: March 10, 2011
Last updated: November 17, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to confirm the clinical benefit observed in the pivotal registration study, Hx-CD20-406. The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) required that a randomized study be conducted in CLL patients with bulky fludarabine-refractory disease as a specific obligation for grant of conditional approval for ARZERRA™ in the European Union (EU). This study will compare ofatumumab with the physicians' choice of therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukaemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic
Drug: Ofatumumab
Drug: Physicians' Choice
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label, Multicenter Study Investigating the Safety and Efficacy of Ofatumumab Therapy Versus Physicians' Choice in Patients With Bulky Fludarabine-Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by Independent Review Committee (IRC) [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS is the interval of time between the date of first randomization to the date of disease progression (PD) or death due to any reason, whichever occurred first. The date of PD was defined as the first occurrence of any criteria of progression. PD criteria requires at least one of the following: progression of lymphadenopathy, >=50% increase in liver or spleen size, >=50% increase in number of lymphocytes per microliter, more aggressive histology, occurence of cytopenia after treatment attributable to CLL. Disease progression was determined according to the 2008 International Workshop for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (IWCLL) update of the National Cancer Institute-sponsored Working Group CLL Guidelines for Response (NCI-WG). PFS was censored at the time of the last follow up for participants who have neither progressed or died.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by Investigator [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS is the interval of time between the date of first randomization to the date of disease progression (PD) or death due to any reason, whichever occurred first. The date of PD was defined as the first occurrence of any criteria of progression. PD criteria requires at least one of the following: progression of lymphadenopathy, >=50% increase in liver or spleen size, >=50% increase in number of lymphocytes per microliter, more aggressive histology, occurence of cytopenia after treatment attributable to CLL. Disease progression was determined according to the 2008 International Workshop for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (IWCLL) update of the National Cancer Institute-sponsored Working Group CLL Guidelines for Response (NCI-WG). PFS was censored at the time of the last follow up for participants who have neither progressed or died.

  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) as Assessed by the IRC [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ORR is defined as the number of participants achieving either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). ORR was measured using the IWCLL updated NCI-WG guidelines 2008. CR requires all of the following criteria: no lymphadenopathy(Ly)/ hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, constitutional symptoms; neutrophils >1500 per microliter(µL), platelets(PL) >100,000/µL, hemoglobin(Hb) >11 grams/deciliter(g/dL), lymphocytes(LC) <4000/µL, bone marrow(BM) sample must be normocellular for age, <30% LC and no lymphoid nodules. PR requires the following criteria for at least 2 months: >=50% decrease in LC, reduction in Ly (i.e., >=50% decrease in lymph node size or no increase or new lymph nodes), >=50% decrease in the size of liver and spleen and at least one of the following results: PL >100,000/µL or 50% improvement over Baseline(BL), Hb >11 g/dL or 50% improvement over BL, neutrophils>1500/μL. Nodular PR (nPR) indicates persistent nodules in the BM.

  • Overall Response Rate (ORR) as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    ORR is defined as the number of participants achieving either complete response (CR) or partial response (PR). Overall response was measured using the IWCLL updated NCI-WG guidelines 2008. CR requires all of the following criteria: no lymphadenopathy(Ly)/ hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, constitutional symptoms; neutrophils >1500 per microliter(µL), platelets(PL) >100,000/µL, hemoglobin(Hb) >11 grams/deciliter(g/dL), lymphocytes(LC) <4000/µL, bone marrow(BM) sample must be normocellular for age, <30% LC and no lymphoid nodules. PR requires the following criteria for at least 2 months: >=50% decrease in LC, reduction in Ly (i.e., >=50% decrease in lymph node size or no increase or new lymph nodes), >=50% decrease in the size of liver and spleen and at least one of the following results: PL >100,000/µL or 50% improvement over Baseline(BL), Hb >11 g/dL or 50% improvement over BL, neutrophils>1500/μL. Nodular PR (nPR) indicates persistent nodules in the BM.

  • Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival (OS) is defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Kaplan-Meier plots were used to estimate the reported median OS time.

  • Time to Progression as Assessed by IRC [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression is defined as the time from the date of randomization to disease progression (PD). PD requires at least one of the following: lymphadenopathy, appearance of any new lesion such as enlarged lymph nodes (>1.5 cm) spleen or liver or other infiltrates or an increase by 50% or more in the greatest diameter of any previous site; an increase by 50% or more in the previously noted enlargement of the liver or spleen, an increase by 50% or more in the numbers of blood lymphocytes with at least 5000 lymphocytes per microliter, transformation to a more aggressive histology, or occurrence of cytopenia attributable to chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Participants who were alive and had not progressed at the time of analysis or if a progression event occurred after extensive lost-to-follow-up time were censored at the date of the last visit with adequate assessment.

  • Time to Next Anti-cancer Therapy by Investigator [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to next therapy is defined as the time from randomization until the start of the next line of treatment.

  • Time to Response as Assessed by the IRC [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to response is defined as the time from randomization to the first response (Complete Remission[CR], Complete Remission with incomplete bone marrow recovery[CRi], partial response[PR], or nodular PR[nPR]). CR(all the criteria at least 2 months after last treatment): no lymphadenopathy(Ly) > 1.5 cm/ hepatomegaly/ splenomegaly/ constitutional symptoms; neutrophils >1500 per microliter(µL), platelets(PL) >100,000/µL, hemoglobin(Hb) >11 grams/deciliter(g/dL), lymphocytes(LC) <4000/µL, bone marrow(BM) sample must be normocellular for age, <30% LC, no lymphoid nodule. CRi: CR criteria, persistent anemia/thrombocytopenia/neutropenia unrelated to CLL but related to drug toxicity. PR: >=50% decrease in LC, Ly, size of liver and spleen and at least one of the following results: PL >100,000/µL or 50% improvement over Baseline(BL), Hb >11 g/dL or 50% improvement over BL. nPR: persistent nodules BM. Participants with unknown or missing responses were considered as non-responders.

  • Duration of Response as Assessed by the IRC [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DOR is defined as the time from the initial response (CR, CRi, nPR, or PR) to the first documented sign of PD or death due to any cause. PD requires at least one of the following: lymphadenopathy, appearance of any new lesion such as enlarged lymph nodes (>1.5 cm) spleen or liver or other infiltrates or an increase by 50% or more in the greatest diameter of any previous site; an increase by 50% or more in the previously noted enlargement of the liver or spleen, an increase by 50% or more in the numbers of blood lymphocytes with at least 5000 lymphocytes per microliter, transformation to a more aggressive histology, or occurrence of cytopenia attributable to chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Par. who were alive and had not progressed at the time of analysis or if a progression event occurred after extensive lost-to-follow-up time (>= 12 weeks) were censored at the date of the last visit with adequate assessment. Par. with unknown or missing responses were considered as non-responders.

  • Number of Participants With Any Adverse Event (AE), Any Serious Adverse Event (SAE), Any Fatal Serious Adverse Event (FSAE), or Deaths [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study medication to 60 days after the last dose of study medication and until follow-up for SAEs unless initiation of subsequent anti-CLL therapy (Median follow-up approximately 28.9 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product. A SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose, results in death, is life threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, results in disability or incapacity, is a congenital anomaly or birth defect.

  • Number of Participants With Any Adverse Event (AE) of Special Interest [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study medication to 60 days after the last dose of study medication and until follow-up for SAEs unless initiation of subsequent anti-CLL therapy (Median follow-up approximately 28.9 months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AEs of special interest included cytopenias (neutropenia [decreased neutrophil count], anaemia [decreased hemoglobin], and thrombocytopenia [decreased platelet count]), autoimmune haematologic complications (autoimmune haemolytic anaemia and haemolytic anaemia), infusion reactions, infections, mucocutaneous reactions, Tumour Lysis Syndrome (TLS), cardiovascular events, and small bowel obstruction.

  • Mean Immunoglobulin (Ig) Antibodies IgA, IgG, and IgM Over Time [ Time Frame: Screening and every 3 months during treatment, every 6 months after last treatment until PD or until 30 Month Follow-up Visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Immunoglobulins or antibodies are large proteins used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign particles such as bacteria and viruses. Their normal blood levels indicate proper immune status. Low levels indicate immuno-suppression. IgA, IgG, and IgM were measured in the blood samples of the participants. Immunoglobulin testing was performed at Screening (SCR), Cycle 3 Week 4 (C3W4), Cycle 7 Week 4 (C3W4) ,Cycle 9 Week 4 (C3W4), 6 Month Follow-up Visit (6M FU), 9 Month Follow-up (9M FU), 12 Month Follow-up (12M FU), 18 Month Follow-up (18M FU), 24 Month Follow-up (24M FU), 30 Month Follow-up (30M FU). A cycle is defined as the time between one round of treatment until the start of the next round.

  • Number of Participants Who Were Positive or Negative for Human Anti-Human Antibodies (HAHA) Post-OFA Therapy [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The presence of HAHA in human serum was determined using a validated electrochemiluminescent assay in a multi-tier assay format. All samples were first assessed in a screening (SCR) assay, and the potential positive (Pos) samples were further tested in the confirmation (CNF) assays. Confirmed positives were reported as HAHA positive and titer was determined for each positive sample. The drug tolerance of the HAHA assay is 200 microgram/milliliter (µg/mL); thus, samples that tested negative in the assay and had ofatumumab concentrations no more than 200 µg/mL were considered as conclusive negative (Neg) results.

  • Changes From Baseline in European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire, Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia 16 Item Module (EORTC QLQ-CLL 16) [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The EORTC QLQ-CLL16 is comprised of 16 questions that address 5 domains of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) important in CLL. There are 4 multi-item scales - fatigue (2 items), treatment side effects ([TSE], 4 items), disease symptoms (disease effects scale [DES], 4 items), and infection (4 items) - and single item scales (social activities [Social Problems (SP) Scale] and future health worries[Future Health (FH) Scale].). These are measured on a four point scale where 1 = not at all and 4 = very much. These scores are transformed to give a rating from 0 - 100, where 0 =no symptoms or problems and 100 = a severe symptoms or problems. EORTC QLQ-CLL16 was assessed at Screening; Week (W) 12 (W4 of Cycle[C] 3), W24 (W4C6), W36 (W4C9), W48 (W4C13); during Follow-up which was every month for Months (M) 1-6, every 8 weeks for M7-12 and every 3 months up to M60; and then at PD.

  • Mean Health Change Questionnaire (HCQ) Score [ Time Frame: From the randomization date up to 60 months post the randomization date. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The HCQ consists of a single question in which the participant is asked if he/she has experienced any change in his/her health overall since beginning the study. For HCQ, values from 1 to 9 were assigned to the 9 responses in the HCQ questionnaire, ranging from 1 for 'my health is a great deal better' to 9 for 'my health is a great deal worse' since the beginning of the study. A score of 3 or less indicates improvement from Baseline. HCQ was assessed at Screening; Week (W) 12 (W4 of Cycle[C] 3), W24 (W4C6), W36 (W4C9), W48 (W4C13); during follow-up which was every month for Months 1-6, every 8 weeks for M7-12 and every 3 months up to M60; and then at PD..


Enrollment: 122
Study Start Date: April 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2018
Primary Completion Date: March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ofatumumab
Biological
Drug: Ofatumumab
Ofatumumab IV, initial dose 300 mg, followed 1 week later with 2000 mg once weekly for 7 weeks, followed 4 weeks later by one infusion of 2000 mg every 4 weeks for 4 infusions, for a total of 12 infusions over 24 weeks. After 24 weeks of ofatumumab treatment, patients who have achieved at least stable disease or better, and whom the investigator would deem appropriate for the therapy to continue, would undergo a second randomisation (2:1) to either 1) an additional ofatumumab dose regimen of 2000 mg once every 4 weeks for up to an additional 24 weeks, or 2) no further therapy (i.e. observation only).
Active Comparator: Physicians' Choice
Physicians' choice of treatment
Drug: Physicians' Choice
Non-ofatumumab containing regimen as per physicians' choice for up to 6 months. Permitted therapies include treatments approved for CLL, and well established standards of care for CLL.

Detailed Description:

Patients with CLL that is refractory to fludarabine have few treatment options and a poor prognosis. There is a continued need for new therapies for these CLL patients, as demonstrated by the limited responses and substantial toxicities with existing therapies. This is supported by the lack of a consensus around standard of care treatment for CLL patients with bulky fludarabine-refractory disease. The objective of this study is to confirm the response rate and disease control in the refractory setting through a controlled trial comparing ofatumumab with the physicians' choice of therapy in fludarabine-refractory, bulky lymphadenopathy patients. After 24 weeks of treatment with ofatumumab, patients will be further randomized to either extended ofatumumab treatment or observation. Patients on the physicians' choice arm will have the option of receiving ofatumumab if they experience progressive disease.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adults with documented diagnosis of active CLL requiring treatment
  • Bulky lymphadenopathy, defined as at least 1 lymph node >5 cm
  • Must be refractory to fludarabine treatment
  • Age 18 yrs or older
  • At least 2 prior therapies for CLL
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2
  • Signed written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior allogeneic stem cell transplant at any time, or autologous stem cell transplant within 6 months
  • Treatment with any unapproved drug substance or experimental therapy within 4 weeks, or currently participating in another interventional clinical study
  • CLL transformation, prolymphocytic leukemia, or central nervous system (CNS) involvement of CLL
  • Active autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) requiring treatment except if associated with progressive disease requiring anti-CLL treatment
  • Chronic or current active infectious disease requiring systemic antibiotics, antifungal, or antiviral treatment
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Significant concurrent, uncontrolled medical condition
  • Other past or current malignancy (with the exception of basal cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix or breast) unless the tumor was successfully treated with curative intent at least 2 years prior to trial entry
  • Non-protocol corticosteroid usage except a maintenance dose corresponding to less than or equal to 10 mg prednisone
  • Abnormal lab values: Creatinine > 2.0 times upper normal limit (unless normal creatinine clearance), or total bilirubin > 2.0 times upper normal limit (unless due to liver involvement of CLL or due to Gilbert's syndrome), or alanine transaminase (ALT) > 2.5 times upper normal limit (unless due to liver involvement of CLL)
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to ofatumumab
  • Lactating or pregnant women or female patients of child-bearing potential (or male patients with such partners) not willing to use adequate contraception
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01313689

  Show 80 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01313689     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 114242
Study First Received: March 10, 2011
Results First Received: November 6, 2014
Last Updated: November 17, 2014
Health Authority: Sweden: Centrala Etikprövningsnämnden

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Ofatumumab
Oncology
Refractory
Efficacy
Safety

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Fludarabine
Antineoplastic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014