Bortezomib, Vorinostat and Dexamethasone for Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

This study has been terminated.
(Slow accrual)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01312818
First received: March 9, 2011
Last updated: January 11, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Both of bortezomib and vorinostat have identified Phase II doses for pediatric and adult patients of which no grade 4 dose limiting toxicities have been observed in prior studies. The pre-clinical synergy of these 2 agents when used in combination along with the lack of over-riding toxicities and different mechanisms of action provide strong rationale for a clinical trial investigating bortezomib and vorinostat in combination. This trial will use the identified Phase II dose which is at or below the maximum tolerated dose for both agents which have very acceptable toxicity profiles and such should prove feasible and tolerable in this relapsed/refractory ALL population.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Drug: Bortezomib
Drug: Vorinostat
Drug: Dexamethasone
Drug: Methotrexate
Drug: Imatinib mesylate
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Therapeutic Trial of Bortezomib (Velcade), Vorinostat (SAHA) and Dexamethasone for Relapsed/Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Remission Rate in ALL Patients [ Time Frame: Day 30 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the efficacy in terms of end of induction (Day 30) remission rates for bortezomib, vorinostat and dexamethasone when administered in combination for patients aged 2-30 years with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Toxicities of Treatment [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Treatment to 30 Days Post Treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To characterize the toxicities of bortezomib, vorinostat and dexamethasone when used in combination

  • Overall Disease Response [ Time Frame: Day 30 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Evaluated using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria: Complete Remission (CR), Complete Remission with incomplete recovery of counts (CRi), Partial Remission (PR), Stable Disease (SD), Refractory Disease (RD), Progressive Disease (PD) or Relapsed Disease (RpD).

  • Mechanism of Cell Death [ Time Frame: From Day 1 to 30 Days After Last Dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Activation of caspases and other regulators of apoptosis in treated blast cells will be determined by Western analysis (correlative lab analysis).


Enrollment: 2
Study Start Date: June 2011
Study Completion Date: January 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: ALL Treated Patients
List of toxicities in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients treated with bortezomib, vorinostat and dexamethasone combination, as well as intrathecal methotrexate and imatinib mesylate.
Drug: Bortezomib
1.3 mg/m^2 by intravenous pyelogram (IVP) over 3-5 seconds on days 1, 4, 8 and 11.
Other Name: Velcade(R)
Drug: Vorinostat
180 mg/m^2 (max dose 400mg) by mouth (PO) divided twice a day (BID) on days 1-14
Other Names:
  • suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA)
  • Zolinza
Drug: Dexamethasone
6 mg/m^2 by mouth (PO) divided twice a day (BID) on days 4-15.
Other Name: Decadron
Drug: Methotrexate
Intrathecal Methotrexate at age based dose on day 1 (repeat on day 15 or 16 for CNS positive patients only)
Other Names:
  • Trexall
  • amethopterin
Drug: Imatinib mesylate

For Ph+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients only:

Imatinib Mesylate is allowable at 340 mg/m2 PO once a day (rounded to the nearest 100 mg) for age ≤18 years and 400 mg for >18 years on Days 1-16.

Other Name: Gleevec(R)

Detailed Description:

This is a phase II study of bortezomib 1.3 mg/m^2 by intravenous pyelogram (IVP) on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, vorinostat 180 mg/m^2 by mouth (PO) per day (not to exceed 400 mg per day) days 1-14, and dexamethasone 6 mg/m^2 PO days 4-15 for the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). No more than 3 treatment courses may be given.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 30 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of lymphoblastic lymphoma or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with ≥ 5% blasts in the bone marrow (M2/M3) with or without extramedullary disease that meets one of the following criteria:

    • Refractory Disease/Induction Failure: Failure to achieve initial remission after 2 attempts of standard induction therapy
    • Relapsed Disease: Patients in relapse #1 or higher for whom standard curative therapies or therapies to prolong survival do not exist.

Patients who are Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph + ALL) are eligible provided they are not imatinib resistant or intolerant.

Patients with CNS positive disease will be eligible.

  • Age 2 to 30 years
  • Karnofsky ≥ 50% for patients 16 years and older and Lansky status ≥ 50 for patients under 16 years of age.
  • Patients must have a life expectancy ≥ 8 weeks as determined by the enrolling investigator.
  • Have acceptable organ function as defined within 7 days of starting treatment:

    • Renal: creatinine clearance ≥ 70ml/min/1.73m^2 or serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows: Maximum serum creatinine (mg/dl) 0.8 for 2 years to <6 years; 1.0 for 6 years to <10 years; 1.2 for 10 years to <13 years; 1.5 male and 1.4 female for 13 years to <16 years; 1.7 male and 1.4 female for ≥ 16 years
    • Hepatic: ALT < 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) and total bilirubin ≤ 1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age.
    • Cardiac: left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 40% by echocardiogram/multi gated acquisition scan (ECHO/MUGA). Normal QTc on electrocardiogram (EKG) (not to exceed upper limit of normal - men: 430 milliseconds (ms); women: 450 ms; children up to 15 years: 440 ms).
  • Prior Therapy:

    • Patients must have recovered from the non-hematologic toxic effects of all prior therapy before entry onto this trial. Recovery is defined as a Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 toxicity grade <2, unless otherwise specified in the Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria.

Cytotoxic therapy: Patients must have had their last dose of chemotherapy at least two weeks prior to study entry.

  • Hematopoietic growth factors: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a growth factor and at least 14 days since pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®) administration.
  • Biologic (anti-neoplastic) therapy: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair.
  • Monoclonal antibodies: At least 3 half-lives of the antibody after the last administration of a monoclonal antibody.
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant (HSCT): Patients who have experienced their relapse after a HSCT are eligible, provided they have no evidence of Graft-versus-Host Disease (GVHD).

    • Women of child bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception (diaphragm, birth control pills, injections, intrauterine device [IUD], surgical sterilization, subcutaneous implants, or abstinence, etc.) for the duration of treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of chemotherapy. Sexually active men must agree to use barrier contraceptive for the duration of treatment and for 2 months after the last dose of chemotherapy.
    • Voluntary written consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject/guardian at any time without prejudice to future medical care.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating. The agents used in this study are known to be teratogenic to a fetus and there is no information on the excretion of agents into breast milk. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening. Pregnancy testing is not required for surgically sterilized women.
  • Known hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol or any of the agents or their ingredients used in this study.
  • Inability to swallow capsules.
  • Grade 2 or greater peripheral neuropathy within 14 days before study registration.
  • Patients with untreated positive blood cultures or progressive infections as assessed by radiographic studies.
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure (appendix VI), uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at Screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Serious concomitant medical or psychiatric disorders (e.g., active infection, uncontrolled diabetes) that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the safety of the patient or likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 3 years of enrollment, with the exception of complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, an in situ malignancy, or low-risk prostate cancer after curative therapy.
  • Patient has received investigational drugs within the 14 days before study registration.
  • Radiation therapy within 3 weeks before registration. Enrollment of patients who require concurrent radiotherapy (which must be localized in its field size) should be deferred until the radiotherapy is completed and 3 weeks have elapsed since the last date of therapy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01312818

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Masonic Cancer Center, University if Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael Burke, MD Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01312818     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2008LS113, MT2008-33R, 1010M91973, X05323
Study First Received: March 9, 2011
Last Updated: January 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone acetate
Dexamethasone
Dexamethasone 21-phosphate
Vorinostat
Imatinib
Bortezomib
Methotrexate
BB 1101
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Central Nervous System Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014