A New Nasopharyngeal pH Probe for Diagnosis of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
(Difficulty recruiting patients due to logistics)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Karen Zur, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01308502
First received: March 2, 2011
Last updated: March 29, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the utility of a minimally invasive nasopharyngeal pH probe for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in children with airway compromise; to determine whether it is comparable to the gold standard esophageal pH probe in identifying LPR in this population; and to correlate results of pH testing with validated questionnaires. Our hypothesis is that a nasopharyngeal pH probe is equivalent to an esophageal probe in identifying laryngopharyngeal reflux.


Condition Intervention Phase
Laryngopharyngeal Reflux
Device: Dx-pH probe
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A New Nasopharyngeal pH Probe for Diagnosis of Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • nasopharyngeal pH [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change in nasopharyngeal pH as measured by the Dx-pH probe


Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: January 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Probe
Children with airway obstruction
Device: Dx-pH probe
Dx-pH probe with 24 hour recording
Other Name: ResTech Dx-pH probe

Detailed Description:

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) has been repeatedly linked to upper respiratory symptoms in the pediatric population. Children with LPR may present with laryngomalacia, subglottic stenosis, laryngitis, and vocal cord nodules among other illnesses. Pharyngeal reflux has even been implicated in causing common childhood illnesses such as sinusitis and otitis media. Diagnosing LPR can be difficult, especially in children. Often otolaryngologists depend on a general gestalt to diagnosis LPR. In some cases, physicians rely on a Reflux Symptoms Index (RSI) questionnaire filled out by the caretaker and/or a Reflux Finding Score (RFS) filled out by the practitioner. Others have attempted to use a variety of tools to measure pH in the upper airway and proximal esophagus.

Initial research focused on correlating gastroesophageal reflux (GER) with otolaryngologic illnesses. These studies relied mostly on esophageal pH probes placed at the lower esophageal sphincter. With the realization that extraesophageal reflux or LPR was a separate disease, new methods have developed to quantify it. The dual esophageal pH probe is the current gold standard for measuring LPR as it records pH just above the proximal esophageal sphincter. Conditions such as chronic pediatric sinusitis, otitis media, laryngitis and globus are believed to arise from laryngopharyngeal reflux. Unfortunately, this device fails to identify many patients with LPR who would benefit from treatment, and radiographic studies are limited by their short duration of evaluation and risk of radiation. In addition, the placement of the esophageal pH probe is relatively invasive requiring both sedation and x-rays to confirm placement. Finally, they are difficult to place and maintain in children, necessitating a hospital stay for 24 hours while data is collected. The alternative is empiric treatment with Histamine 2 blockers and/or Protein Pump Inhibitors for an extended course, which has been shown to improve symptoms in many of these patients but is not without risk.

The new Dx-pH nasopharyngeal probe is the only tool available for directly measuring nasopharyngeal pH. It is an exempted class I medical device and is Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved for general use in the population. The device, manufactured by Respiratory Technology Corporation ISO (ResTech), measures the pH of both liquid and aerosolized droplets. It is positioned posterior to the soft palate and placement is confirmed by visualizing the light-emitting diode (LED) at the tip of the device. It is significantly less invasive than esophageal pH probes, does not require general anesthesia for placement, and can be used in an outpatient setting.

The Dx-pH probe is currently being used clinically in adult and pediatric practices to diagnose and monitor laryngopharyngeal reflux with only limited research supporting its use. A literature review finds only 6 studies that address the Dx-pH probe, of which, only 1 pilot study has been performed in children. This study looked at changes in pH in the trachea of 3 children with chronic tracheostomies. However, to date, no research has been published on the utility of the probe in diagnosing LPR in children. The probe, if effective, would be a valuable tool for diagnosing LPR in the pediatric population because of its limited risk and potential ability to replace more invasive and costly procedures.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • History of airway compromise
  • Undergoing microlaryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, esophagoscopy, and esophageal pH probe placement at CHOP

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients not undergoing esophageal pH probe placement
  • Neonates under 1 month of age
  • Adults over 18 years of age or older.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01308502

Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Karen Zur Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Karen Zur, Associate Director, The Center for Pediatric Airway Disorders, Director Pediatric Voice Program, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01308502     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-007341
Study First Received: March 2, 2011
Last Updated: March 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Children's Hospital of Philadelphia:
laryngopharyngeal reflux
LPR
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux
nasopharyngeal probe

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Regurgitation, Gastric
Esophageal Motility Disorders
Deglutition Disorders
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014