Evaluation of a Combined Parent-student Programme for Smoking Prevention in Berlin Schools (BEST)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified January 2011 by Charite University, Berlin, Germany.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Senatsverwaltung für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung, Berlin, Germany
KARUNA prevents, Berlin, Germany
Information provided by:
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01306552
First received: March 1, 2011
Last updated: NA
Last verified: January 2011
History: No changes posted
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a combined parent-student program for smoking prevention in 7th graders in Berlin schools.


Condition Intervention
Tobacco Use Disorder
Behavioral: Student-Intervention only group
Behavioral: Multi-component Intervention
Behavioral: Control Group

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: BEST Prevention Study. "Berlin Evaluates School Tabacco Prevention" Study Evaluation of a Combined Parent-student Programme for Smoking Prevention in Berlin Schools

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Charite University, Berlin, Germany:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of regular smokers among students at the 2 year follow-up assessment. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary study outcome is the percentage of regular smokers among students at the 2 year follow-up assessment.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Students' attitudes towards smoking and smoking-related self-efficacy [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The secondary study outcomes are attitudes towards smoking and smoking-related self-efficacy.

    In addition, we will assess the acceptability of the program components.

    Other secondary outcomes include:

    1. Percentage of 7th graders that started smoking during the study period.
    2. Percentage of 7th graders that stopped smoking during the study period.
    3. Percentage of 7th graders that are smoking less at the 2 year assessment compared to baseline assessment.
    4. Percentage of 7th graders that are smoking more at the 2 year assessment compared to baseline assessment.


Estimated Enrollment: 3400
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: August 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Student-intervention only group

Schools randomized to intervention only (arm 1) will agree to visit the smoking prevention parcours offered by KARUNA e.V. ("Rauchst Du noch oder lebst Du schon?").

One school class of students will visit the parcours once during a school day. The parcours takes approximately 3 hours to complete. The parcours consists of 7 interactive stations where a class of students learns about differences between smokers and non-smokers in terms of health status such as atherosclerosis prevalence, loss of smell or lung capacity and aging. Students also learn about the toxic ingredients in cigarettes. Each station includes a quiz to complete by each group of students. At the end of the parcours, a moderator will announce which group of students accumulated the most points. For more information on the contents of the parcours see http://www.karuna-prevents.de/index.php.

Behavioral: Student-Intervention only group

One visit to the smoking prevention parcours offered by KARUNA e.V. ("Rauchst Du noch oder lebst Du schon?") during 7th grade.

The parcours takes approximately 3 hours to complete. The parcours consists of 7 interactive stations where a class of students learns about differences between smokers and non-smokers in terms of health status such as atherosclerosis prevalence, loss of smell or lung capacity and aging. Students also learn about the toxic ingredients in cigarettes. Each station includes a quiz to complete by each group of students. At the end of the parcours, a moderator will announce which group of students accumulated the most points. For more information on the contents of the parcours see http://www.karuna-prevents.de/index.php.

Active Comparator: Multi-component intervention
Schools randomized to the student-parent intervention arm also will agree to visit the KARUNA e.V. smoking prevention parcours. In addition, the schools will agree to have one parents' night presented by trained health coaches informing parents about smoking prevention topics in youth during the school year. Trained health coaches will give an evaluated smoking prevention presentation for parents at the parents' nights at the end of the first school year. Also, participating parents will receive information about successful ways to prevent smoking and promote smoking cessation in their children once by mail.
Behavioral: Multi-component Intervention
One visit to the smoking prevention parcours offered by KARUNA e.V. ("Rauchst Du noch oder lebst Du schon?") + one parent night with information about smoking prevention and one informational letter by mail
Active Comparator: Control Group
Schools randomized to the control school will be offered to participate in the nutrition and exercise prevention program offered by KARUNA e.V. during the 2-year study.
Behavioral: Control Group

One visit to the Nutrition and Physical Activity Parcours offered by KARUNA e.V. ("Kinderleicht gesund zu leben").

(same set up as the smoking prevention parcours with topics around healthy nutrition and promotion of physical activity)


Detailed Description:

The hazardous health effects of smoking and second hand smoke are well known and published. Despite wide spread tobacco prevention campaigns and initiatives, the proportion of children and adolescents who smoke remains high, especially in Germany. Current research indicates that comprehensive strategies, especially with a parental involvement component, appear to be the most effective school-based smoking prevention programs.

A popular smoking prevention program in the city of Berlin is the Karuna interactive show jumping course "Still smoking or already alive?" ("Rauchst du noch oder lebst du schon?" Mitmach - Parcours). This parcours was designed to teach facts about smoking and its health-damaging effects, its negative effects on physical appearance, to promote communication and to enhance participants' awareness of social pressure and their self-efficacy to deal with these situations. No study to date has evaluated its effectiveness in reducing smoking rates among participating students. The study aim is to test the effectiveness of an interactive combined student-parent intervention in 7th graders regarding the reduction of smoking rates among secondary school children aged 12-15 compared to no smoking prevention intervention using self-reported questionnaires. In addition, it will be tested whether the program that involves the combination of a student and a parent intervention is more effective in the reduction of smoking rates in comparison to a program without a parental intervention.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 18 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

School Inclusion Criteria A school is eligible for the study if

  • it is located in Berlin
  • has 7th grade classes (students between 12-15 years)

School Exclusion Criteria:

  • schools offers an extensive smoking prevention program for their students that includes parental involvement.
  • schools that do not agree to stop visiting the KARUNA e.V. smoking parcours (if they do) for the next two years in case of being randomized to the control group.
  • schools that do not agree to have a parents' night (separate or part of the typical parents' nights) where trained health coaches will introduce and discuss the topic of smoking prevention in youth in case of being randomized to the combined student-parent intervention.

Student Inclusion Criteria A student is eligible for the study if

  • Female or male in the 7th grade
  • Signed written assent
  • Intellectual and physical ability of participant to make an informed decision about study participation
  • Attends one of the participating schools
  • Has signed approval from parent/caregiver
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01306552

Contacts
Contact: Falk Mueller-Riemenschneider, MD +4930450529036 Falk.Mueller-Riemenschneider@charite.de
Contact: Christin Buerger +49 30450529125 Christin.Buerger@charite.de

Locations
Germany
Charité University Medical Center, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics Recruiting
Berlin, Germany, 10117
Contact: Falk Mueller-Riemenschneider, MD    +49 30450529036    Falk.Mueller-Riemenschneider@charite.de   
Contact: Christin Buerger    +49 30450529125    Christin.Buerger@charite.de   
Principal Investigator: Stefan N. Willich, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, MD, MSc         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Senatsverwaltung für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung, Berlin, Germany
KARUNA prevents, Berlin, Germany
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stefan N Willich, MD Charité University Medical Center, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Prof. Dr. Stefan N. Willich, Director, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, Charité University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01306552     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EA1/133/10
Study First Received: March 1, 2011
Last Updated: March 1, 2011
Health Authority: Germany: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Charite University, Berlin, Germany:
Tobacco use
Adolescents
Primary prevention
Program effectiveness
Parental component

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2014