Intensified Azacitidine in High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01305460
First received: February 25, 2011
Last updated: March 17, 2014
Last verified: March 2013
  Purpose

A phase I/II study of the efficacy and safety of an intensified schedule of Azacitidine (Vidaza®) in intermediate-2 and high risk MDS patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Drug: Azacitidine
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of the Efficacy and Safety of an Intensified Schedule of Azacitidine (Vidaza®) in Intermediate-2 and High Risk MDS Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Response rate (including CR and PR) according to IWG 2006 criteria for MDS after 4 and 8 cycles 75mg/m2/d azacitidine administered every 2 weeks. [ Time Frame: 2 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    After 4 courses treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety/toxicity profile of azacitidine administered every 14 days (NCI-CTAE) [ Time Frame: 1-24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    After each course of treatment until end of treatment.

  • Responses (CR, PR, marrow CR, HI) according to IWG 2006 criteria and their duration. [ Time Frame: 2-4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    After 4 and 8 courses of treatment.

  • Overall survival and progression (IPSS/AML) free survival. [ Time Frame: 2 months and further ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    After 4 course of treatment.


Estimated Enrollment: 81
Study Start Date: July 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Azacitidine intensified dose Drug: Azacitidine

Treatment will consist of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 14 days for 4 cycles.

  • Patients achieving CR or PR will be then treated with 4 cycles of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 21 days followed by cycles of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 7 days administered every 28 days (cycles 9 and beyond), to be continued until progression/relapse or toxicity arises.
  • Patients not obtaining CR or PR after the initial 4 cycles of azacitidine-14 will continue to receive azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 14 days for 4 additional cycles (cycles 5 to 8). If they achieve CR, PR or HI after 8 cycles, they will then be treated with azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 21 days (cycles 9 to 12) and subsequently cycles of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 7 days administered every 28 days (cycles 13 and beyond) until progression/relapse or toxicity arises.
  • Patients not obtaining CR, PR or HI after 8 cycles of azacitidine-14 will go "off-study".
Other Name: Vidaza

Detailed Description:

The study is an open-label, multicenter phase I/II study.

Treatment Regimen, Dosage and Duration:

Treatment will consist of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 14 days for 4 cycles (azacitidine-14, cycles 1-4).

  • Patients achieving CR or PR will be then treated with 4 cycles of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days administered every 21 days (azacitidine-21, cycles 5 to 8) followed by cycles of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 7 days administered every 28 days (azacitidine-28, cycles 9 and beyond), to be continued until progression/relapse or toxicity arises).
  • Patients not obtaining CR or PR after the initial 4 cycles of azacitidine-14 will continue to receive azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 14 days for 4 additional cycles (cycles 5 to 8). If they achieve CR, PR or HI after 8 cycles, they will then be treated with azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 5 days every 21 days (azacitidine-21, cycles 9 to 12) and subsequently cycles of azacitidine 75mg/m2/d for 7 days administered every 28 days (azacitidine-28, cycles 13 and beyond) until progression/relapse or toxicity arises.
  • Patients not obtaining CR, PR or HI after 8 cycles of azacitidine-14 will go "off-study".

Number of patients to be included:

The trial will enroll at least 27 patients (phase I of the trial) and a maximum of 81 patients (phase II of the trial). A safety analysis will be performed by an independent DSMB after inclusion of 9, 18 and 27 patients. This safety analysis will focus particularly on the clinical consequences of cytopenias. Moreover, a teleconference will be organized twice monthly between the PI and investigators to share safety observations and take appropriate actions if needed. CRFs will be collected every cycle focusing particularly on the safety of this dose intensified study. All AE and SAE will be reported to the DSMB upon reception.

Primary Endpoint:

-Response rate (including CR and PR) according to IWG 2006 criteria for MDS after 4 and 8 cycles 75mg/m2/d azacitidine administered every 2 weeks.

Secondary Endpoints:

  • Safety/toxicity profile of azacitidine administered every 14 days (NCI-CTAE)
  • Responses (CR, PR, marrow CR, HI) according to IWG 2006 criteria and their duration
  • Overall survival and progression (IPSS/AML) free survival.

Sample Size and Duration of Trial:

The first stage of the trial will include 27 patients. The trial will be terminated if 9 or fewer responses are observed. Otherwise, additional patients will be recruited in the second stage until a total sample size of 81 patients is reached.

Duration of inclusion: 24 months for 81 patients Duration of follow-up: 24 months

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • MDS defined according to WHO classification (also including RAEB-T according to FAB classification) (see appendix 1) with intermediate-2 or high risk IPSS (see appendix 1).
  • Age ≥ 18 years and <75 years.
  • Must understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  • Must be able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  • Patients must have ECOG performance status (PS) of 0 - 2, and no major comorbidities preventing administration of an intensified regimen of azacitidine.
  • Women of child-bearing potential (i.e., women who are pre-menopausal or not surgically sterile) must :
  • Have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to beginning treatment on this study. Lactating patients are excluded.
  • Agree to use, and to be able to comply with, effective contraception without interruption, 4 weeks before starting study drug throughout the entire duration study drug therapy (including doses interruptions) and for 3 months after the end of the study drug therapy.
  • Male patients must :
  • Agree the need for the use of a condom if engaged in sexual activity with a woman of childbearing potential during the entire period of treatment, even if disruption of treatment and during 3 months after end of treatment.
  • Agree to learn about the procedures for preservation of sperm before starting treatment.
  • Creatinine < 1.5 N or estimated clearance of creatinine above 30 ml/min.
  • Serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) or alanine transaminase (ALT)/serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) < 3.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN).
  • Serum total bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dL. (except for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia due to Gilbert's disease or secondary to MDS-related dyserythropoiesis).
  • Health insurance

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with a history of myeloproliferative syndrome or CMML.
  • Known positive status for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or hepatitis B or C.
  • Pregnant and lactating patients are excluded because the effects of azacitidine on a fetus or a breast-fed child are unknown.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to uncontrolled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure (NYHA > II), cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Patients receiving any other standard or investigational cytotoxic treatment for their hematologic malignancy in the last 8 weeks
  • Any medical condition which in the opinion of the investigator places the patient at an unacceptably high risk for toxicities of an intensified regimen of azacitidine.
  • Less than 6 months since prior allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
  • Less than 3 months since prior autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation
  • Active cancer or prior history of malignancy other than MDS (except basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast) unless the subject has been free of disease for ≥ 3 years.
  • Prior treatment with azacitidine.
  • Known allergy/intolerance to azacitidine or mannitol.
  • ECOG > 2.
  • Life expectancy of less than 3 months.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01305460

Locations
France
Service d'Hématologie Clinique
CHU Albert Michallon, Grenoble, France, 38043
CHU d'Amiens
Amiens, France, 80054
Centre Hospitalier de La Cote Basque
Bayonne, France, 64100
Hôpital Avicenne
Bobigny, France, 93009
CHU de Haut-Lévèque
Bordeaux Pessac, France, 33604
Centre henri Mondor
Creteil, France, 94010
Centre Hospitalier du Mans
Le Mans cedex, France, 72037
Hôpital Huriez
Lille, France, 59037
Hôpital Paoli Calmettes
Marseille, France, 13273
Centre Hospitalier de Meaux
Meaux, France, 77100
CHU Brabois
Nancy, France, 54511
CHU de nantes
Nantes, France, 44093
Hôpital l'Archet de Nice
Nice, France, 06202
Hôpital Cochin
Paris, France, 75004
Hopital Saint Louis - AP-HP, Hematology Dpt
Paris, France, 75475
Hôpital Saint Louis
Paris, France, 75010
CHU de Poitiers
Poitiers, France, 86021
CHRU Annecy Hospital
Pringy, France, 74374
Hôpital Pontchaillou
Rennes, France, 35033
Hopital Purpan Service d'Hématologie Clinique
Toulouse, France, 31059
CH de Valence
Valence, France, 26953
Sponsors and Collaborators
Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies
Investigators
Study Chair: Lionel Adès, MD Groupe Francophone des Myélodysplasies
Principal Investigator: Simone Boehrer, MD Groupe Francophone des Myélodysplasies
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01305460     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GFM-AZA intensif
Study First Received: February 25, 2011
Last Updated: March 17, 2014
Health Authority: France: ANSM agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Preleukemia
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Neoplasms
Azacitidine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014