Diabetic Retinopathy Sulodexide Study (DRESS)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ji Hun Song, Ajou University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01295775
First received: July 22, 2010
Last updated: November 5, 2012
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

The aim of this phase 2 controlled placebo study is to assess the effectiveness of Sulodexide in the treatment of non proliferative (background) retinopathy in patients with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

This is a multicentre, double-blind, randomised study involving patients affected by non proliferative (background) diabetic mild to moderate retinopathy.

This study will involve 130 patients (65 for each group). At baseline visit (T0), the Investigator will grade the ocular lesions due to diabetic retinopathy according to color fundus photographs and the fluorescein angiography examination. He will subsequently send the negatives of photographs and the images -or negatives when available- of fluorescein angiography to an off-site Assessor -unaware of the Investigator assessment- nominated to confirm the quality of the images and the grade of the lesions. After positive assessment of the Investigator, at T0 the eligible patient will be blindly allocated to one of the 2 treatment groups according to a computer-generated randomisation list provided by the Sponsor.

The following treatments will be administered for 360 days:

A (SULODEXIDE GROUP): 50 mg a day by oral route;

B (PLACEBO GROUP): Sulodexide placebo at the same schedule and for the same lengths of time as group A.

Before breaking the randomisation code at the end of the study, an independent off site assessor will evaluate the photographs according to the Airlie House Classification and following modification by Early treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) and fluorescein angiography according to ETDRS.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetic Retinopathy
Drug: sulodexide
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicentre, Double-Blind, Randomised, Placebo Controlled Study of the Activity of Sulodexide in Diabetic Patients With Mild to Moderate Non-Proliferative Retinopathy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ajou University School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Hard exudates [ Time Frame: T12: 360 +/- 7 days from T0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The lesion will be evaluated by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography, graded according to Modefied Airlie House Classification and ETDRS.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • microaneurysms [ Time Frame: T12: 360 +/- 7 days from T0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The lesion will be evaluated by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography, graded according to Modefied Airlie House Classification and ETDRS.

  • Vascular leakage [ Time Frame: T12: 360 +/- 7 days from T0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The lesion will be evaluated by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography, graded according to Modefied Airlie House Classification and ETDRS.

  • Haemorrhages [ Time Frame: T12: 360 +/- 7 days from T0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The lesion will be evaluated by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography, graded according to Modefied Airlie House Classification and ETDRS.

  • Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) [ Time Frame: T12: 360 +/- 7 days from T0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The lesion will be evaluated by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography, graded according to Modefied Airlie House Classification and ETDRS.


Enrollment: 127
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: May 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Sulodexide group
50 mg of sulodexide a day will be administered by oral route (1+1 capsule/day) for 360 days
Drug: sulodexide

A (SULODEXIDE GROUP):

50 mg a day by oral route (1+1 capsules/day) for 360 days

B (PLACEBO GROUP):

Sulodexide placebo at the same schedule dosage and for the same lengths of time as group A.

Other Name: vessel due F
Placebo Comparator: Placebo group
Sulodexide placebo will be administered at the same schedule (1+1 capsule/day) and for the same lengths of time (for 360 days) as Sulodexide group
Drug: sulodexide

A (SULODEXIDE GROUP):

50 mg a day by oral route (1+1 capsules/day) for 360 days

B (PLACEBO GROUP):

Sulodexide placebo at the same schedule dosage and for the same lengths of time as group A.

Other Name: vessel due F

Detailed Description:

Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults (20 to 74 years old) in the industrialised countries, affecting from 2 to 5% of entire population. All the complications of diabetes such as diabetic retinopathy, are caused by the chronic hyperglycaemia. Although a good metabolic control with therapy lowers the blood glucose levels enough to preserve life, this does not permit complete euglycemia nor prevent the long-term complications of chronic supernormal levels of blood glucose. The excess glucose causes flux through the polyol pathway, which results in structural tissue modifications.

Diabetic retinopathy is mainly a vascular disease, primarily affecting the capillaries. The first ultrastructural and microscopic changes reported are retinal capillary basement membrane thickening and pericyte degeneration, both of which compromise the integrity of the capillary wall, followed by pericyte loss.

The glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of the basal membrane are progressively substituted by collagen, leading to a modification in vascular permeability due to the altered anionic charge. These changes lead to the clinical appearance of vascular leakage from retinal capillaries followed by microaneurysms. The lack of integrity of the vessel wall leads to haemorrhages, and to microthrombosis, which are responsible for the first ischemic lesions. If the vascular leakage lasts for a long time, the lipidic fraction of leaked plasma deposits in the retina forming hard exudates.

The substitution of GAGs by collagen leads to a basal membrane thickening also in the kidney. As in the retina, the modification of permeability occurs in the renal glomeruli and induces the selective loss of proteins (albuminuria).

Recent papers show a specific modification in GAGs metabolism occurring in diabetic patients that could be the common pathogenetic mechanism of vascular diabetic failure. Therefore, diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy may be regarded as the result of the alteration of a common underlying molecular mechanism whose expression is the depletion of GAGs from the basement membrane in both retinal and glomerular capillaries. In agreement with the previous statement, the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy concluded that microalbuminuria is associated cross-sectionally with the presence of retinopathy in diabetic patients.

The progress of the clinical symptoms of the disease despite glycaemic therapy points to address the research towards new drugs able to slow or reverse the vessel micro-abnormalities responsible for the microangiopathy typical of diabetic retinopathy. Furthermore, the similarities of the vessel lesions between diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy suggest that new molecules effective in one of the two conditions should be effective in the other pathology as well.

Sulodexide (fast moving heparin fraction 80% and dermatan sulfate 20%) is a GAG with a high trophism for vessel wall. Clinical studies showed its efficacy in decreasing both microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria in diabetic patients, suggesting that it could be able to slowdown the nephropathy progression, actually by partially restoring the glomerular GAGs content.

Preliminary observations regarding the use of Sulodexide in patients suffering from diabetic retinopathy show significant reduction in hard exudates, thus indirectly pointing out a benefit of this GAG at the retinal capillary level.

Based on the above mentioned physiopathological considerations and experimental findings, the investigators deem appropriate to evaluate the effects of Sulodexide on the diabetic retinopathy by the present multicentre, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
  • Diabetes under good control with drugs for at least 6 months (Glycosylated hemoglobin <9% )
  • Patients with 300um ≤ the thickness of retina by optical coherence tomography
  • Patients with visual acuity test ≥0.4 (20/50)
  • Non-proliferative (background) retinopathy assessed by fundus photography and fluorescein angiography according to Airlie House Classification and ETDRS
  • Patients with non-proliferative (background) retinopathy attested by the presence of Hard exudates within grade 2 and 5
  • Patients with at leat one of the following lesions: Vascular leakages, Microaneurysms, Haemorrhages, Intraretinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA)
  • Patients with controlled Arterial Blood Pressure since the last 6 months (Diastolic Blood Pressure ≤90mmHg and Systolic Blood Pressure ≤130 mmHg) with or without medication
  • Patients capable of conforming to the study protocol
  • Patients who have given their free and informed consent
  • The ability and willingness to comply with all study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Diabetic Retinopathy which is being treated with laser therapy or should be treated with laser therapy before the end of the study
  • Concomitant retinal disease due to causes other than diabetic microangiopathy
  • Concomitant antihypertensive treatment, unless administered at stable dosage at least 6 months before the start of the study
  • Concomitant Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor / Angiotensin II receptor blocker therapy, unless administered at stable dosage for at least 6 months prior to the start of the study
  • Concomitant Warfarin therapy
  • Patients with laser therapy or intravitreal injection(avastin,steroid) within 3 months from enrolment
  • Concomitant treatment with hemorrheological, vasoactive drugs and antithrombotics except acetylsalicylic acid at stable dosage
  • Patients with severe liver impairment (Child-Pugh classification C)
  • Patients with severe renal insufficiency (creatinine >2.2 mg/dl)
  • Patients with severe cardiac insufficiency (New York Heart Association classes 3 - 4)
  • Patients with clinical history of diathesis and haemorrhagic disease
  • Individual hypersensitivity toward the product, heparin, low molecular weight heparin or heparin-like products
  • Intended or ascertained pregnancy or lactation
  • Participation to a trial within the past 6 months
  • Surgery or trauma within the past 6 months
  • Planned surgical intervention within 6 months from enrolment
  • Patients unable to conform to the study protocol
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01295775

Locations
Korea, Republic of
Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Colloge of Medicine, Hallym University
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 150-071
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ajou University School of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ha Kyoung Kim, MD Department of Ophthalmology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, College of Medicine, Hallym University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Ji Hun Song, Assistant professor, Ajou University School of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01295775     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DRESS_Korea
Study First Received: July 22, 2010
Last Updated: November 5, 2012
Health Authority: Korea: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Ajou University School of Medicine:
diabetic retinopathy
sulodexide
hard exudates
microaneurysms
hemorrhages
intraretinal microvascular abnormalities

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetic Retinopathy
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucuronyl glucosamine glycan sulfate
Anticoagulants
Hematologic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Cardiovascular Agents
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014