High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) for Parathyroid Adenoma
This study aims to determine whether HIFU treatment is a safe and effective alternative to an operation to remove all or part of the affected gland. The objective is to achieve biochemical cure (assessed by normal calcium level in the blood at six weeks, six months and one year after therapy) without affecting the patient's voice or ability to swallow.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) for Parathyroid Adenoma|
- Eucalcaemia [ Time Frame: 12 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Calcium in the blood is measured from venepuncture
- Eucalcaemia [ Time Frame: 6 weeks post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Ca in plasma
- Voice Morbidity [ Time Frame: Up to one year post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Voice Handicap Index. 30 questions rated on a five point scale from 'never' to 'always' and an overall score from 1 'normal' to 10 'severely impaired'
|Study Start Date:||April 2011|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound. This is not a comparative study
Device: High Intensity Focused Ultrasound
One or two HIFU sessions
Other Name: TH-One HIFU device
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common endocrine condition in which one or more of the four parathyroid glands in the neck releases too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). this leads to excess calcium in the blood and if untreated it can cause osteoporosis, kidney stone formation, deterioration of kidney function and disturbance in heart rhythm. Surgery to remove all or part of the affected gland(s) is expected to cure 95% of such patients. In current practice all such patients undergo localisation techniques using sestamibi scanning and neck ultrasonography to demonstrate the position of the enlarged/overactive parathyroid gland. These radiological tests are positive in some two thirds of patients, who can be operated through a minimally invasive procedure focused on the exact localisation pinpointed by the scans.
This study uses a procedure that does not require a surgical incision. Precise imaging of the parathyroid glands allows the exact position of the tumour to be found from outside the body. A High Intensity Focused Ultrasound beam produces heat, but only in a small specific area. Exact positioning of the ultrasound beam targets the tumour cells and kills them without harming the surrounding healthy tissues.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01291498
|John Radcliffe Hospital|
|Oxford, United Kingdom, OX3 9DU|
|Principal Investigator:||Radu Mihai||Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust|