Tumor Cell Vaccines With ISCOMATRIX Adjuvant and Celecoxib in Patients Undergoing Resection of Lung and Esophageal Cancers and Malignant Pleural Mesotheliomas

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01258868
First received: December 10, 2010
Last updated: June 26, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

Background:

- Recent research has shown that causing an immune response to tumor cells may help slow or stop the growth of tumors. One treatment that has come from this research involves collecting and modifying a cancer patient's tumor cells in the laboratory, then returning the cells to the patient as a vaccine to encourage the immune system to respond to them. Researchers are interested in testing tumor cell vaccines with an experimental drug called ISCOMATRIX , which can be added to a vaccine in order to elicit a stronger immune response in the body. ISCOMATRIX has not been approved for sale and use in any country and its use is still experimental, though it has been tested and used safely in other clinical studies. Researchers are also interested in determining whether the anti-inflammatory drug celecoxib will improve the body's immune reaction if given with the vaccine.

Objectives:

- To assess the safety and effectiveness of tumor cell vaccines given with ISCOMATRIX and celecoxib in the treatment of lung and esophagus cancers.

Eligibility:

  • Individuals at least 18 years of age who have primary small cell or non-small cell lung cancer, esophageal cancer, or pleural mesothelioma that can be removed by surgery.
  • Only individuals whose tumor cells are able to produce a tumor cell line for vaccine development will be eligible for treatment.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a physical examination and medical history, and will have tumor tissue collected during their surgery to determine whether the tumor cells can be used to produce a vaccine.
  • Participants will take celecoxib twice daily for 7 days before having the first tumor cell vaccination. Participants will also have leukapheresis to collect blood cells for testing before the first vaccination.
  • Participants will receive one vaccine (which may be given in two shots) monthly for 6 months, and will continue to take celecoxib twice daily. One month after the 6th vaccine shot, participants will have another leukapheresis and skin test. If these tests show that a participant is responding to the vaccine, additional vaccines will be given every 3 months for up to 2 years.
  • Participants will have a physical exam and lab tests before each vaccination, blood samples and imaging studies every 3 months, and a skin test every 6 months.
  • Participants will have regular followup visits with imaging studies and blood samples for up to 5 years after the first vaccination, or until a new tumor develops....

Condition Intervention Phase
Mesolthelioma
Esophageal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Thoracic Sarcomas
Drug: Celecoxib
Drug: ISCOMATRIX (TM) Adjuvant
Biological: Autologous Tumor Cell Vaccine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Epigenetically-Modified Autologous Tumor Cell Vaccines With ISCOMATRIX(TM) Adjuvant and Oral Celecoxib in Patients Undergoing Resection of Lung and Esophageal Cancers, Thymic Neoplasms, Thoracic Sarcomas, and Malignant Pleural Mesotheliomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Tabulation of patient toxicities and their grades [ Time Frame: 30 days after last vaccine (up to 25 months)months) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of patients of the first 10 sarcoma, mesothelioma andesophageal CA patients respectively with cell line development greater than or equal to 3 [ Time Frame: When 10 patients each of the other tumor types have been recruitedother tumor types have beenrecruited ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Enumeration and description of immune responses [ Time Frame: 2 years after initial vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of patients of first 20 lung CA patients with cell linedevelopment greater than or equal to 5 [ Time Frame: when 20 lung cancer patients have been recruitedhave been recruited ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: December 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Celecoxib
    400 mg PO BID for 7 days prior to cell administration and then on days 1 through 28 of each vaccine cycle.
    Drug: ISCOMATRIX (TM) Adjuvant
    Adjuvant mixed with vaccine at 180 ISCO (TM) units/mL
    Biological: Autologous Tumor Cell Vaccine
    1x10(7) - 1x10(8) cells emulsified in ISCOMATRIX(TM) adjuvant, SC, q 4 wk for 6 months.
Detailed Description:

Background:

  • Cancer-testis (CT) antigens have emerged as attractive targets for cancer immunotherapy. Whereas lung and esophageal cancers, thymic Neoplasms, primary thoracic sarcomas, as well as malignant pleural mesotheliomas express a variety of CT antigens, primary or vaccine-induced immune responses to these antigens appear uncommon in patients with these malignancies, possibly due to low-level, heterogeneous antigen expression, and inadequate vaccination strategies.
  • Because numerous CT antigens can be induced in tumor cells by DNA demethylating agents and HDAC inhibitors, it is conceivable that vaccination of cancer patients with autologous tumor cells exposed to chromatin remodeling agents will enhance anti-tumor immunity in these individuals.
  • In order to examine this issue, patients with resectable primary neoplasms involving the lungs, esophagus, or pleura will be vaccinated with autologous tumor cells exposed exvivo to decitabine and radiation following completion of appropriate combined modality therapy. Vaccine will be administered in conjunction with ISCOMATRIX adjuvant and oral celecoxib.

Primary Objective:

- To assess the safety of an epigenetically modified autologous tumor cell vaccine in conjunction with celecoxib.

Eligibility:

  • Patients with histologically or cytologically proven primary pulmonary carcinoma or sarcoma, esophageal cancer, thymic carcinoma or malignant pleural mesothelioma undergoing resection of their neoplasms.
  • Patients must be 18 years or older with an ECOG performance status of 0 2, with adequate pulmonary and cardiac function and laboratory values within normal limits.

Design:

  • Patients with operable lung and esophageal carcinoma/sarcoma, thymoma, thymic carcinoma or malignant pleural mesothelioma will undergo resection of their malignancies at the NCI.
  • Portions of the resected tumors will be transferred to the Thoracic Oncology Laboratory and cells will be processed to establish a cancer cell line.
  • Following recovery from surgery and appropriate adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation, patients will be vaccinated with epigenetically-modified autologous tumor cells periodically over 6 months in conjunction with oral celecoxib.
  • Systemic toxicities and delayed type hypersensitivity responses to autologous tumor cells and serologic responses to a variety of CT antigens will be assessed before and after vaccination.
  • Patients will be followed with routine staging scans until disease recurrence.
  • As the exact set of comparisons and analyses to be performed will be determined following completion of the trial, and will be based on limited numbers of patients, the analyses will be considered exploratory and hypothesis generating rather than definitive.
  • Approximately 120 patients will be accrued to this trial in order to obtain up to 30 evaluable patients.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA:

INCLUSION CRITERIA PRIOR TO SURGERY (SCREENING CONSENT):

  1. Patients with resectable primary small cell or non-small cell lung cancers, esophageal cancers, thymoma, thymic carcinoma, primary sarcoma of the chest, or pleural mesotheliomas are eligible for treatment.
  2. Patients with intracranial metastases, which have been treated by surgery or radiation therapy may be eligible for study provided there is no evidence of active disease.
  3. Patients with prior Decitabine exposure are eligible for study.
  4. Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 2.
  5. Patients must be 18 years of age or older due to the unknown effects of immunologic responses to germ cell-restricted gene products during childhood and adolescent development.
  6. Seronegative for HIV antibody. Note: The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune competence and thus may be less responsive to the experimental treatment.
  7. Seronegative for active hepatitis B, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.
  8. Patients must be aware of the neoplastic nature of their illnesses, the experimental nature of the therapy, alternative treatments, potential benefits, and risks.
  9. Patients must be willing to sign an informed consent, and undergo resection of their malignancies at the NCI, to ensure vaccine development.

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TREATMENT PHASE OF PROTOCOL (STANDARD CONSENT):

  1. Patients must have signed the Screening Consent
  2. Patients who were initially rendered NED by surgical resection must remain NED at the time of treatment.
  3. Patients with no more than 3 intracranial metastases, which have been definitively treated by surgery or radiation therapy may be eligible for the study, provided there is no evidence of active disease for at least 2 months and no requirement for anticonvulsant therapy or steroids following treatment.
  4. Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 2.
  5. Patients must have evidence of adequate bone marrow reserve, hepatic and renal function as evidenced by the following laboratory parameters:

    • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1500/mm(3)
    • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm(3)
    • Hemoglobin greater than 8g/dl ( patients may receive transfusions to meet this parameter
    • PT within 2 seconds of the ULN
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limits of normal
    • Serum creatin ine less than or equal to 1.6 mg/ml or the creatinine clearance must be greater than 70 ml/min/1.73M(2).
  6. Seronegative for HIV antibody. Note: The experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system. Patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune competence and thus may be less responsive to the experimental treatment.
  7. Seronegative for active hepatitis B, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody. If hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be HCV RNA negative.
  8. Patients must be willing to practice birth control during and for four months following treatment.
  9. Patients must be willing to sign the standard informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TREATMENT PHASE OF PROTOCOL:

  1. Patients unable/unwilling to undergo resection of their malignancies at the NCI will be excluded.
  2. Patients who are initially rendered NED by combined modality therapy but exhibit disease progression prior to initiation of vaccination will be excluded from the treatment portion of the study.
  3. Patients who will have received more than two systemic cytotoxic treatment regimens for their thoracic malignancy by the time vaccination commences will be excluded.
  4. Patients requiring corticosteroids (other than inhaled) will be excluded.
  5. Patients with life expectancy less than 12 months will be excluded.
  6. Patients receiving warfarin anticoagulation, who cannot be transferred to other agents such as enoxaparin or dabigatran, and for whom anticoagulants cannot be held for up to 24 hours will be excluded.
  7. Patients with uncontrolled hypertension (> 160/95), unstable coronary disease evidenced by uncontrolled arrhythmias, unstable angina, decompensated CHF (> NYHA Class II), or myocardial infarction within 6 months of study will be excluded.
  8. Patients with other cardiac diseases may be excluded at the discretion of the PI following consultation with Cardiology consultants.
  9. Patients with any of the following pulmonary function abnormalities will be excluded: FEV, < 30% predicted; DLCO < 30% predicted (post-bronchodilator); pO2 < 60% or pCO2 greater than or equal to 50 on room air arterial blood gas.
  10. Pregnant and/or lactating women will be excluded due to the unknown, potentially harmful effects of immune response to CT-X antigens and stem cell proteins that may be expressed in placenta, fetus, and neonates.
  11. Patients with active infections, including HIV, will be excluded, due to unknown effects of the vaccine on lymphoid precursors.
  12. Patients with any type of primary immunodeficiencies will be excluded from the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01258868

Contacts
Contact: Tricia Kunst, R.N. (301) 451-1233 kunstt@mail.nih.gov
Contact: David S Schrump, M.D. (301) 496-2128 david_schrump@nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact National Cancer Institute Referral Office    (888) NCI-1937      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David S Schrump, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01258868     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 110041, 11-C-0041
Study First Received: December 10, 2010
Last Updated: June 26, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Mesothelioma
Esophageal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Thoracic Malignancies
Tumor Cell Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Esophageal Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Mesothelioma
Neoplasms, Mesothelial
Sarcoma
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Adenoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Celecoxib
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2014