Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Atherosclerosis
In individuals with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) it has been obtained an outstanding improvement in the management of hyperglycemia, but it has not been achieved a similar result in the reduction of the atherosclerotic syndrome. The comprehension of the mechanisms that link over nutrition to inflammation and innate immune response can be important to understand the relationship between insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus and endothelial dysfunction. It will be investigated: 1) the role of Toll Like Receptors (TLR)s in the pathophysiology of T2D and associated atherosclerosis; 2) the role of aspirin and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase inhibitor/s in the production of TxA2 and F2-isoprostanes in T2D patients; 3)new biomarkers associated to Diabetes and atherosclerosis including markers of endothelial dysfunction and cytokines.
It will be analyzed in isolated platelets from normal controls and/or diabetic patients the production of TxA2, isoprostanes and pro-inflammatory/thrombotic cytokines using aspirin and NADPHoxidase inhibitors.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Role of Inflammation and Innate Immunity in The Pathogenesis of Endothelial Dysfunction and Atherosclerosis|
- Changes of isoprostanes after study drug administration. [ Time Frame: 3 and 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Mearuring levels of isoprostanes to understand if isoprostanes could play a crucial role in thrombus formation, independently from Aspirin mediated COX-1 inhibition, supporting their role in the phenomenon of the so call "aspirin resistance" in the setting of T2DM.
|Study Start Date:||August 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
100 mg/day for 30 days
100 mg/day for 30 days
Other Name: Aspirin
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
1 cp /day for 30 days
1 cp day for 30 days
Other Name: Placebo
Study design: prospective, controlled, randomized study. All eligible patients will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 manner to receive aspirin or placebo.
In each recruited subjects we will do:
- Anamnestic clinical information and Anthropometric measurements
- Electrocardiogram, echocardiogram and ultrasound assessment of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD)
- Ankle-Brachial Index measurement (ABI)
- blood samples from an antecubital vein after an overnight fast and urine samples at baseline, after 3 days and after 30 days of aspirin (100 mg/day) administration.
Laboratory Methods: Blood samples will be immediately centrifuged at 2,000 rpm for 20 min at 4°C, and the supernatant was collected and stored at -80°C until measurement. All measurements will be done blinded. Samples will be tested in duplicate, and those showing values above the standard curve will be re-tested with appropriate dilutions.Analysis of urinary and platelet isoprostane:Urinary PGF2α-III was measured by a previously described and validated EIA assay method. Ten millilitre urine were extracted on a C-18 SPE column; the purification was tested for recovery by adding a radioactive tracer (tritiated PGF2α-III) (Cayman chemical). The eluates were dried under nitrogen, recovered with 1ml of buffer, and assayed in a PGF2α-III specific EIA kit (Cayman chemical). Urinary PGF2α-III concentration was corrected for recovery and creatinine excretion and expressed as pg/mg of creatinine. PRP was then centrifuged 20 min at 800 g to concentrate platelets and the pellet was suspended in Tyrode buffer to obtain a final platelet concentration of 5x108/mL. PGF2α-III content was measured by a validated EIA assay method as previously described and expressed as pg/mg platelet protein.
|Contact: Francesco Violi, Full Proffirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Stefania Basili, Ass Profemail@example.com|
|Sapienza Università di Roma||Recruiting|
|Rome, Italy, 00161|
|Contact: Francesco Violi, Full Prof +39-06-4461933 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Stefania Basili, Ass Prof +39-06-49974678 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Francesco Violi, full Prof|
|Study Chair:||Francesco Violi||Divisione di Prima Clinica Medica - Sapienza University of Rome|