This study uses one trialdrug: Temsirolimus (sometimes called Torisel ® ). Temsirolimus is an mTOR inhibitor. It is an agent that is specifically aimed at disrupting cell division (needed for cancer cell growth). Temsirolimus has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells. For patients with metastatic kidney cancer Temsirolimus is now a registered , conventional therapy. It has been recorded for patients as they get renal cell cancer metastases and which looks as if the tumor is aggressive.
This is a phase II trial. This means that the investigators look at how effectively temsirolimus is, after treatment with other drugs against kidney cancer. Effective means that the investigators see how well the treatment is, the investigators look at how long the disease is not growing and if it does, that is smaller. The possible side effects will be carefully watched.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Activity of Temsirolimus With FDG-PET and FLT-PET in Patients With Renal Cell Cancer|
- Evaluation of the FLT-PET and FDG-PET [ Time Frame: before and during treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Measurement of 18F-FLT-PET-signal and FDG-PET-signal (ROI analysis and SUVmax calculation), and signal changes during treatment with temsirolimus (percentage change in SUVmax) Correlation of 18F-FLT-PET and FDG-PET before, and signal changes during treatment with treatment outcome (clinical response and PFS).
- Progression free survival [ Time Frame: after treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Assessment of duration of PFS after treatment with temsirolimus in heavily pre-treated metastatic RCC patients
- response rate [ Time Frame: during the trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Measurement of the response rate
- Toxicity [ Time Frame: during and after the trial ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]patients are monitored during the trial for toxicities using CTC AE version 3.0. If applicable neccesary dose-adjustments will be made
- Correlation of pharmacodynamics with PET results [ Time Frame: baseline, after 2nd Temsirolimus infusion after the 6th temsirolimus infusion (approx 5 days after), at time of PD and 2 weeks after the last Temsirolimus infusion ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Regulatory T cells, insulin growth factor (IGF), insulin growth factor big protein-2 (IGFBP), angiogenic markers, circulating endothelial cells (CECs) and circulating tumor cells (CTCs) will be determined. The results will be correlated with the PET scanning data.
|Study Start Date:||August 2009|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The prognosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients has improved the last couple of years, due to the treatment with angiogenesis inhibitors and mTOR inhibitors. First line and second line therapy is nowadays standard. However, responses on third or fourth line therapy, in RCC patients participating in phase I studies have been observed. As yet the optimal sequence of therapeutic agents in mRCC is not known and data on progression free survival of third or fourth line treatment is not available. More and more patients with metastatic RCC will receive multiple sequential treatments. A large proportion of those patients will remain in a good condition and have a good quality of life. Those are the candidates for new lines of therapy.
In the evaluation of new treatments the difficulty lies in the way of assessment of activity of new drugs. In the past, chemotherapy induced real volume responses, whereas with the new targeted agents volume reponse may take a long period of time (more than 6 months is not exceptionial), or will never induce a real decrease in tumor volume, while the patient may benefit from a long period of stable disease. All these new drugs are costly and not without side effects, and therefore there is an urgent need for new end points of therapy, better reflecting the activity of the drug.
In first line poor prognosis metastatic RCC patients mTor inhibition with temsirolimus has become standard therapy based on an improvement in PFS and OS. Also for temsirolimus RECIST criteria have been used. However, by using the RECIST criteria for the evaluation of efficacy only the change in tumour volume is assessed. Temsirolimus is an antiproliferative anti cancer drug and proliferation might be assessed by FLT PET or FDG PET.
Until now only very limited data have been published on the role of FDG PET and FLT PET after mTor inhibitors. FLT PET seems promising in mice glioblastoma in mice treated with mTor inhibitors. Another very recent paper reports the value of FDG PET as suurogate marker of everolimus activity, also in mice. Only one clinical study in which FDG PET was used in patients treated with mTor inhibitors had included patients with a mixture of diagnoses.
Therefore, we propose to investigate in a systematic way whether molecular imaging with FLT-PET and/or FDGPET is a better predictor of response and progression free survival (PFS) than evaluation by standard anatomical imaging by CT-scan in RCC patients treated with temsirolimus. Furthermore, we propose to investigate the optimal way of assessment of molecular characteristics of the tumor (metabolism, proliferation) by comparing FLT-PET with FDG-PET.
|Contact: C.M.L. van Herpen, Md PhD||+31 24 361 03 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|University Medical Centre Nijmegen||Recruiting|
|Nijmegen, Gelderland, Netherlands, 6500 HB|
|Principal Investigator: C.M.L. van Herpen, Md PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||C.M.L. van Herpen, Md PhD||University Medical Centre Nijmegen|