Escalating Doses of Thalidomide in Conjunction With Bortezomib and HIgh Dose Melphalan for BSCT (Thal/Mel/Vel)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hackensack University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01242267
First received: November 15, 2010
Last updated: February 2, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to:

• Determine the maximum tolerated dose of thalidomide used in conjunction with dose-intense melphalan, bortezomib and autologous (syngeneic) HSC support in the salvage therapy of patients who failed a prior treatment with dose-intense melphalan

The secondary objectives of this study are to:

  • Determine the toxicities resulting from administration of combinations of thalidomide, bortezomib and melphalan
  • Determine the complete response (CR) and very good partial response (VgPR) rate in patients undergoing ASCT using thalidomide, bortezomib and melphalan
  • Evaluate the treatment-free interval after treatment with the combination of thalidomide, bortezomib and melphalan

Condition Intervention Phase
Multiple Myeloma
Drug: Thalidomide+Melphalan +Bortezomib+stem cell transplant
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Escalating Doses of Thalidomide in Conjunction With Bortezomib and HIgh Dose Melphalan as a Conditioning Regimen for Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Advanced Multiple Myeloma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hackensack University Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of thalidomide used in conjunction with dose-intense melphalan, bortezomib and autologous (syngeneic) HSC support in the salvage therapy of patients who failed a prior treatment with dose-intense melphalan [ Time Frame: Dose escalation will be based on the assessment of tolerability determined after the last patient of each cohort reaches day +21. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Determine the maximum tolerated dose of thalidomide used in conjunction with dose-intense melphalan, bortezomib and autologous (syngeneic) HSC support in the salvage therapy of patients who failed a prior treatment with dose-intense melphalan


Estimated Enrollment: 38
Study Start Date: April 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Thalidomide with melphalan
Safety/Efficacy -
Drug: Thalidomide+Melphalan +Bortezomib+stem cell transplant
Five days prior to transplant, the patient starts thalidomide. Dose range will be from 400mg for 5 days, to 1000mg for 5 days. Thalidomide dose is increased after groups of 3 to 6 patients have been treated. 4days before the transplant and again on the day before the transplant the patient will be given bortezomib (VELCADE) intravenously at a dose of 1.6 mg/m2 (mg/m2 means that the dose will be calculated based on the patient's height and weight). 2 days before transplant the patient will be given melphalan 200 mg/m2 intravenously. Dexamethasone is given before the VELCADE and the melphalan.

Detailed Description:

VELCADE™ (bortezomib) for Injection is a small molecule proteasome inhibitor developed by Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., (Millennium) as a novel agent to treat human malignancies. VELCADE is currently approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) and it is registered in Europe for the treatment of multiple myeloma patients who have received at least one prior therapy.

By inhibiting a single molecular target, the proteasome, bortezomib affects multiple signaling pathways. The anti-neoplastic effect of bortezomib likely involves several distinct mechanisms, including inhibition of cell growth and survival pathways, induction of apoptosis, and inhibition of expression of genes that control cellular adhesion, migration and angiogenesis. Thus, the mechanisms by which bortezomib elicits its antitumor activity may vary among tumor types, and the extent to which each affected pathway is critical to the inhibition of tumor growth could also differ. Bortezomib has a novel pattern of cytotoxicity in National Cancer Institute (NCI) in vitro and in vivo assays (Adams et al., 1999). In addition, bortezomib has cytotoxic activity in a variety of xenograft tumor models, both as a single agent and in combination with chemotherapy and radiation (Steiner et al., 2001; Teicher et al., 1999; Cusack et al., 2001; LeBlanc et al., 2002; Pink et al., 2002). Notably, bortezomib induces apoptosis in cells that over express bcl-2, a genetic trait that confers unregulated growth and resistance to conventional chemotherapeutics (McConkey et al., 1999).

Bortezomib is thought to be efficacious in multiple myeloma via its inhibition of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation, its attenuation of interleukin-6 (IL-6)-mediated cell growth, a direct apoptotic effect, and possibly anti-angiogenic and other effects.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Each patient must meet all of the following inclusion criteria to be enrolled in the study:
  • Voluntary written informed consent before performance of any study-related procedure not part of normal medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the subject at any time without prejudice to future medical care
  • Female subject is either post-menopausal or surgically sterilized or willing to use an acceptable method of birth control as described in the S.T.E.P.S program. Participation in the program is required.
  • Male subject agrees to use an acceptable method for contraception for the duration of the study as described in the S.T.E.P.S program. Participation in the program is required.
  • Confirmed diagnosis of multiple myeloma, or plasma cell leukemia.
  • Show progression of disease after a previous dose-intense cycle of melphalan, or less than a complete response after a prior cycle of dose-intense melphalan. Patients may have received more than on prior autologous transplant with high-dose melphalan.
  • May have received intervening therapies after disease progression after dose-intense melphalan and before enrollment in this protocol.
  • Recovery from complications of salvage therapy, if administered.
  • Age: ≥18 yrs but <76 yrs at the time of melphalan administration.
  • Gender: There is no gender restriction.
  • Availability of >2x106 autologous peripheral blood CD34+ cells/kg or a syngeneic donor meeting eligibility criteria for syngeneic donation.

    1. Syngeneic transplantation is preferred.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients meeting any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in the study.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 21 days of initiating treatment in this study.
  • Prior dose-intense therapy within 56 days of initiating treatment in this study.
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infections .
  • Uncontrolled CNS metastases.
  • Known amyloid deposition in heart.
  • Organ dysfunction:

LVEF <40% or cardiac failure not responsive to therapy. DLCO <50% of predicted and/or receiving supplementary continuous oxygen. Evidence of hepatic synthetic dysfunction, or total bilirubin >2x or AST >3x ULN.

Measured creatinine clearance <20 ml/min. Sensory peripheral neuropathy grade 4 within 14 days of enrollment.

  • Karnofsky score <70% unless as a result of bone disease directly caused by myeloma.
  • Life expectancy limited by another co-morbid illness.
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years of enrollment, with the exception of complete resection of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, an in situ malignancy, or low-risk prostate cancer after curative therapy
  • Female subject is pregnant or breast-feeding (women) or unwilling to use acceptable birth control methods (men or women) for twelve months after treatment or unwilling to participate in the S.T.E.P.S program.
  • Documented hypersensitivity to melphalan, thalidomide or to bortezomib, boron or mannitol or any components of the formulation
  • Patients unable or unwilling to provide consent
  • Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment or has New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities. Prior to study entry, any ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not medically relevant.
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs with 14 days before enrollment
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01242267

Locations
United States, New Jersey
John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hackensack University Medical Center
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Scott D Rowley, MD John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack Univ Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Hackensack University Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01242267     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PRO-00001215
Study First Received: November 15, 2010
Last Updated: February 2, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Hackensack University Medical Center:
multiple myeloma
transplant
Multiple myeloma patients undergoing transplant

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Thalidomide
Melphalan
Bortezomib
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014