MK2206 in Treating Younger Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors or Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01231919
First received: October 29, 2010
Last updated: April 28, 2014
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

This phase I trial is studying the side effects, best way to give, and best dose of Akt inhibitor MK2206 (MK2206) in treating patients with recurrent or refractory solid tumors or leukemia. MK2206 may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.


Condition Intervention Phase
Accelerated Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Acute Leukemias of Ambiguous Lineage
Acute Myeloid Leukemia/Transient Myeloproliferative Disorder
Acute Undifferentiated Leukemia
Aggressive NK-cell Leukemia
Atypical Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, BCR-ABL1 Negative
Blastic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm
Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma
Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma
Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma
Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia
Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia
Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Intraocular Lymphoma
Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia
Mast Cell Leukemia
Myeloid/NK-cell Acute Leukemia
Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma
Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder
Primary Central Nervous System Hodgkin Lymphoma
Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment
Prolymphocytic Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Recurrent Childhood Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis
Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma
Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma
Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome
Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia
Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Small Intestine Lymphoma
Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma
Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Waldenström Macroglobulinemia
Drug: Akt inhibitor MK2206
Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: pharmacological study
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of MK-2206, an AKT Inhibitor, in Pediatric Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Solid Tumors or Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center resources: Systemic Mastocytosis Leukemia, Myeloid Acute Myelocytic Leukemia Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Lymphosarcoma Follicular Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma Mantle Cell Lymphoma Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Leukemia, B-cell, Chronic Lymphoma, Large-cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Burkitt Lymphoma Lymphoma, Large-cell, Immunoblastic Plasmablastic Lymphoma Mycosis Fungoides Sezary Syndrome Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Hairy Cell Leukemia Small Non-cleaved Cell Lymphoma Hodgkin Lymphoma, Childhood Hypereosinophilic Syndrome Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia Acute Biphenotypic Leukemia Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Aggressive NK Cell Leukemia B-cell Lymphomas Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative Disease Mastocytosis
U.S. FDA Resources

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • MTD and/or recommended phase 2 dose of Akt inhibitor MK2206 determined according to incidence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) graded using CTCAE v4.0 (Part A) [ Time Frame: 28 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The MTD will be the maximum dose at which fewer than one-third of patients experience DLT during course 1 of therapy.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of Akt inhibitor MK-2206 [ Time Frame: Baseline, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 6-8, 24, 48 hours day 1 course 1; pre-dose and 6-8 hours post-dose (optional) day 15 (Schedule 1); baseline, 0.5, 1.5, 3, 6-8, 24, 48 hours day 1 course 1; pre-dose days 8 and 15; 6-8 hours post-dose day 15 (optional) (Schedule 2) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized with simple summary statistics, including means, medians, ranges, and standard deviations (if numbers and distribution permit).

  • Antitumor activity assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria for Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Levels of activation of downstream signaling molecules [ Time Frame: Up to day 15 of course 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized using descriptive statistics at each timepoint. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test or Friedman's test may be used as a preliminary test of change in activity over two or more timepoints.

  • Mutations or amplification of upstream signaling molecules [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Summarized using descriptive statistics at each timepoint. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test or Friedman's test may be used as a preliminary test of change in activity over two or more timepoints.


Enrollment: 45
Study Start Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (Akt inhibitor)
Patients receive oral Akt inhibitor MK2206 every other day (schedule 1) OR once weekly (schedule 2) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up 12 courses (1 year) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Akt inhibitor MK2206
Given PO
Other Name: MK2206
Other: diagnostic laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: pharmacological study
Correlative studies
Other Name: pharmacological studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

l. To estimate the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended phase 2 dose of MK-2206 (Akt inhibitor MK2206) administered orally every other day (schedule 1) or once weekly (schedule 2) to children with refractory or recurrent solid malignancies, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors or lymphomas.

II. To define and describe the toxicities of MK-2206 in children with refractory solid malignancies administered on this schedule.

III. To assess the tolerability of MK-2206 at the solid tumor MTD in patients with recurrent or refractory leukemia.

IV. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of MK-2206 in children with recurrent or refractory cancer. (exploratory)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To preliminarily define the antitumor activity of MK-2206 within the confines of a phase 1 study.(exploratory) II. To evaluate biological activity of MK-2206 by measuring phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in tumor and peripheral blood mononuclear cells and measure the expression of biomarkers related to AKT activation phenotypes. (exploratory)

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study (part A) followed by treatment at the maximum-tolerated dose (part B).

Patients receive Akt inhibitor MK2206 orally (PO) every other day (schedule 1) OR once weekly (schedule 2) on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up 12 courses (1 year) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 30 days.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 21 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a body surface area > 0.5 m^2 when enrolling on dose levels 0 or 1 of the every other day schedule; no body surface area (BSA) restrictions apply to patients enrolling on higher dose levels; no BSA restrictions apply to patients enrolling on any dose level of the weekly schedule.
  • Diagnosis:

    • Part A (both schedules): Patients must have a diagnosis of recurrent or refractory solid tumors, including central nervous system (CNS) tumors or lymphoma; patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
    • Part B (both schedules): Patients must have a diagnosis of recurrent or refractory leukemia
  • Disease status:

    • Solid tumors: Patients must have either measurable or evaluable disease
    • Leukemia: Patients must have >= 5% blasts in the bone marrow; active extramedullary disease (except for leptomeningeal disease) may also be present
  • Patient's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life
  • Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age; note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for a minimum of 1 week prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
  • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer chemotherapy
  • Myelosuppressive chemotherapy:

    • Solid tumors: Patients with solid tumors must not have received myelosuppressive chemotherapy within 3 weeks of enrollment onto this study (6 weeks if prior nitrosourea)
    • Leukemia:

      • Patients with leukemia who relapse while receiving standard maintenance chemotherapy will not be required to have a waiting period before enrollment onto this study
      • Patients who relapse while they are not receiving standard maintenance therapy, must have fully recovered from all acute toxic effects of prior therapy. At least 14 days must have elapsed since the completion of cytotoxic therapy, with the exception of hydroxyurea
      • Note: Cytoreduction with hydroxyurea can be initiated and continued for up to 24 hours prior to the start of MK-2206
  • At least 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair
  • At least 7 days after the last dose of a biologic agent; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair
  • At least 6 weeks since the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor vaccines
  • At least 3 half-lives of the antibody after the last dose of a monoclonal antibody
  • >= 2 weeks for local palliative radiation therapy (XRT) (small port); >= 24 weeks must have elapsed if prior total body irradiation (TBI), craniospinal XRT or if >= 50% radiation of pelvis; >= 6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation
  • Stem cell infusion without TBI: No evidence of active graft vs. host disease and >= 8 weeks must have elapsed since transplant or stem cell infusion
  • Bone marrow transplantation: >= 3 months prior to study enrollment
  • For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement including patients who are status post stem cell transplantation:
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment)
  • For patients with solid tumors with known bone marrow metastatic disease:
  • These patients are eligible for study provided they meet the blood count criteria and are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions; note: these patients are not evaluable for hematologic toxicity
  • For patients with leukemia (Part B):
  • Blood counts are not required to be normal prior to enrollment on this trial; however, platelet count has to be >= 20,000/mm^3 (may receive platelet transfusions)
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    • 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 mg/dL
    • 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL
    • 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL
    • 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL
    • 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 (male), 1.4 (female)
    • >= 16 years: 1.7 (male), 1.4 (female)
  • Patients with solid tumors:

    • Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
    • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 110 U/L; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
    • Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
  • Patients with leukemias:

    • Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
    • SGPT (ALT) =< 225 U/L; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
    • Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
  • Corrected QT interval (QTc) =< 450 msec
  • Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants and well controlled
  • Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] v4) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2
  • All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
  • Slides or tissue blocks from either initial diagnosis or relapse must be available for central review; tissue blocks or slides must be sent; if tissue blocks or slides are unavailable, the study chair must be notified prior to study enrollment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women will not be entered on this study; pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal; males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method
  • Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for the prior 7 days are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving other anticancer agents are not eligible [except leukemia patients receiving hydroxyurea, which may be continued until 24 hours prior to start of protocol therapy]; patients with leukemia may receive intrathecal therapy
  • Patients must not be receiving enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants
  • Patients receiving insulin or growth hormone therapy are not eligible
  • Patients on medications that may cause corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation are not eligible
  • Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent either graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant or organ rejection post transplant are not eligible for this trial
  • Patients must be able to swallow whole tablets; nasogastric or G tube administration is not allowed
  • Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
  • Patients with known type I or type II diabetes mellitus are not eligible
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01231919

  Show 25 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maryam Fouladi COG Phase I Consortium
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01231919     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-02612, NCI-2011-02612, CDR0000687929, COG-ADVL1013, ADVL1013, ADVL1013, U01CA097452
Study First Received: October 29, 2010
Last Updated: April 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Hairy Cell
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase
Leukemia, Myeloid, Accelerated Phase
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative
Leukemia, Prolymphocytic
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Leukemia, Neutrophilic, Chronic
Leukemia, Mast-Cell
Leukemia, B-Cell
Neoplasms
Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Hodgkin Disease
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Burkitt Lymphoma
Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic
Lymphoma, T-Cell
Lymphoma
Disease

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 16, 2014