MIRNA Profiling of Breast Cancer in Patients Undergoing Neoadjuvant or Adjuvant Treatment for Locally Advanced & Inflammatory Breast Cancer
MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) regulate the translation of RNAs and are implicated in cell proliferation and renewal both under physiologically normal as well as in malignant conditions. Dysregulation of specific miRNAs may be associated with either gaining oncogenic or loosing tumor suppressing functions. MiRNA dysregulation has been implicated in breast cancer tumorigenic (stem cell) and non-tumorigenic development. Therefore, miRNA profiling of treatment naïve and treatment-exposed breast tumors and sequential samples of blood/serum will allow for identification of miRNA markers of prognosis and as indicators and potential targets for personalized therapies. In this proposal, specimens from patients treated in the clinical breast cancer program on already existing protocols (IRB 05091 and 05015) will be characterized by Dr. Rossi's laboratory and collaborators, and the information gained will be applied to develop specific therapies.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort|
|Official Title:||MIRNA Profiling of Breast Cancer in Patients Undergoing Neoadjuvant or Adjuvant Treatment for Locally Advanced & Inflammatory Breast Cancer|
- Performance of miRNA profiling from tumor samples from primary breast tumors [ Time Frame: 3 years after completion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Assessment of miRNA profiles from blood/serum samples from patients at baseline, and if feasible, at different time points [ Time Frame: 3 years after completion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Analysis of miRNA findings and correlate miRNA patterns of expression in tumor, lymph nodes -if available- and in serum [ Time Frame: 3 years after competion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Correlation of classic tumor markers such as estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER,PR), and HER2 expression with tumor stage and grade [ Time Frame: 3 years after completion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Determination of specific miRNA functions [ Time Frame: 3 years after completion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Determination of ability to knock down functionally relevant overexpressed miRNAs by miR-sponge/antagomirs [ Time Frame: 3 years after completion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Design of prospective pilot phase I-II trials to interfere with dysfunctional/dysregulated miRNA expression [ Time Frame: 3 years after completion of sample collection ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Tissue and Blood Procurement. Breast cancer tissues from core biopsies (as available, preferably fresh frozen or RNA-later preserved, but in case of lack of availability, formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded [FFPE] core or tissue samples) which have been collected or will be collected under IRB#05091 or 05015.
|Study Start Date:||April 2010|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Current neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment strategies do not allow for rationale incorporation of such agents. One needs tools to predict both de novo and acquired resistance to therapeutic agents. This is a difficult task, due to the compound nature of escape routes: tumor exposure is usually to a combination of therapeutic agents and the mechanisms of resistance are broad: intrinsic resistance due to existing mutations, or regulatory - miRNA, other epigenetic - alterations, polymorphisms, tumor cell adaptation via new mutations and activation of alternative pathways, lack of optimal pharmacokinetics/genomics, activation of efflux mechanisms, accelerated repair mechanisms are involved.
Similarly, not all patients who are candidates for primary surgical intervention to be followed by post-operative adjuvant therapy benefit from such systemic treatments. The mechanisms of resistance be it de novo in surviving stem cell/tumorigenic components, or acquired by cells left behind "dormant" after the surgical intervention, are not well delineated.
Breast tumors subjected to neoadjuvant chemotherapy allow for baseline and treatment-effected sampling. Characterization of core biopsy specimens of primary tumors procured prior to exposure to neoadjuvant therapy from different varieties of breast cancer subtypes, and of subsequent mid-treatment and intraoperative (procured during definitive surgery following completion of neoadjuvant therapy) samples should help to assess the predictive value of the pre-treatment and post-treatment miRNA expression profile for complete and near complete response, as a surrogate marker for survival. Similarly, patterns of de novo and acquired resistance may emerge when assessment of pre- and post treatment miRNA expression profiles are analyzed in a supervised manner of classification using pathological response as classifier. Samples obtained from patients with primary surgical removal of their tumors before any systemic treatment exposure on the other hand, will allow for determining markers of prognosis, and predictors for response to therapeutic targeting agents.
Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective
|Contact: George Somlo, MD||800 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|City of Hope||Recruiting|
|Duarte, California, United States, 91010|
|Contact: Michele Kirschenbaum 800-826-4673 email@example.com|
|Contact: Suzanne Swain-Cabriales, RN 800 826-4673 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: George Somlo, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||George Somlo, MD||City of Hope Medical Center|