Trial record 3 of 58 for:    Open Studies | "Clostridium difficile"

Oral Vancomycin Followed by Fecal Transplant Versus Tapering Oral Vancomycin

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified January 2013 by University Health Network, Toronto
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01226992
First received: October 20, 2010
Last updated: January 14, 2013
Last verified: January 2013
  Purpose

Recurrent CDI is a growing problem with few treatment options that provide lasting effect. Fecal transplantation has been shown in several case series to be successful in controlling recurrent CDI. The current study is a non-blinded, randomized controlled trial comparing fecal transplantation with a 6 week taper of oral vancomycin for the treatment of refractory CDI. Approximately 146 patients will be enrolled over one year. Participants in the study will be followed for 120 days, and will be given the opportunity to cross over to the alternative intervention arm if a relapse in symptoms occurs. The primary outcome measure will be recurrence of toxin-confirmed CDI within 120 days of starting the intervention. Secondary outcomes include: early recurrence of symptoms within 14 days, relapse within 120 days (same strain of C. difficile), attributable mortality, hospitalization and serious adverse events.


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection
Laboratory Confirmed Clostridium Difficile Infection
Drug: Vancomycin
Biological: Fecal Transplant
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II/III Randomized Controlled Trial of Oral Vancomycin Followed by Fecal Transplantation Versus Tapering Oral Vancomycin for Recurrent Clostridium Difficile Infection (CDI)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University Health Network, Toronto:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • A Randomized Controlled Trial of Oral Vancomycin Followed by Fecal Transplantation versus Tapering Oral Vancomycin Treatment for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To assess the number of patients with recurrence of laboratory-confirmed CDI in the 120 days following completion of intervention with either oral vancomycin followed by fecal transplantation or a 6-week taper of oral vancomycin.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • A Randomized Controlled Trial of Oral Vancomycin Followed by Fecal Transplantation versus Tapering Oral Vancomycin Treatment for Recurrent Clostridium difficile Infection. [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    To evaluate the safety profile of fecal transplantation.

    To characterize other outcomes of patients treated with fecal transplantation and oral vancomycin, as determined by the following:

    i. Early (within 14 days of treatment completion) and late (within 120 days of treatment) recurrence of symptoms compatible with CDI; ii. Days with diarrhea in the 120 days post-treatment; iii. CDI requiring hospital admission in the 120 days after treatment onset; iv. All-cause and CDI-attributable mortality; v. Recurrence of CDI in the 120 days after crossover to the alternate treatment arm.



Estimated Enrollment: 146
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2013
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Fecal Transplant
2 weeks of oral vancomycin pre-treatment followed by single dose fecal transplant administered by rectal enema. Fecal transplant (slurry) consists of 50 grams healthy donor stool blended in 500ml of Normal Saline.
Biological: Fecal Transplant
Fecal slurry 50 grams stool in 500ml normal saline
Active Comparator: Oral Vancomycin Taper
2 weeks of oral vancomycin pre-treatment followed by 6-week taper of oral vancomycin
Drug: Vancomycin

Oral Vancomycin:

Dose: 125 mg po qid x 2 weeks then 125 mg po bid x 1 week then 125 mg po od x 1 week then 125 mg po q every other day x 1 week then 125 mg po q every third day x 1 week then discontinue Route: oral


Detailed Description:

The proposed trial is a single-centre, phase II/III, open, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial. To have an evaluable population of 114 participants and assuming a 20% loss to follow-up, approximately 146 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive either approximately 2 weeks of oral vancomycin followed by a single fecal transplant via enema (hereon referred to as the "fecal transplant arm") or a 6-week taper of oral vancomycin (hereon referred to as the "vancomycin taper arm"). The 2 weeks of vancomycin pre-treatment in the fecal transplant arm will allow for a fecal transplant donor to be screened for potentially transmissible infectious diseases (clinically and through blood and stool tests), in order to ensure appropriateness and safety of donation.

If patients fail treatment during the follow-up period of 120 days, they will be offered the opportunity to cross over to the alternate treatment arm. Those who cross over will be followed for an additional 120 days from the second intervention.

Participants will be assessed clinically for recurrence in CDI symptoms and adverse events at the following time points after the intervention: 4 days, 7 days, 3 weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks. All recurrences of CDI symptoms will be investigated with C. difficile laboratory testing to confirm the etiology of these symptoms.

Analysis will be intention to treat. An interim analysis may take place after completion of follow-up of 30 patients. This interim analysis is meant to establish the safety and feasibility of the study, not measure efficacy. Although there were no formal sample size calculations to assess safety of the procedure, with a sample size of 70 participants, an adverse event rate, for example of 2.5%, can be detected with a probability of 0.83 for the fecal transplantation group.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Laboratory or pathology-confirmed diagnosis of recurrent C. difficile infection (CDI) with symptoms within the previous 60 days. Recurrent CDI is defined as:

    • >/=2 episodes of CDI. Eligible patients must have had at least one treatment course with oral vancomycin (minimum 10 days of 500 mg total daily oral vancomycin).

Symptoms of CDI include:

  • Diarrhea (see below) OR
  • Abdominal pain AND abdominal distension/bloating AND fever, systemic illness with no other reason for these symptoms

Diarrhea will be self-reported and is defined as:

  • at least 6 watery feces in 36 hours OR
  • 3 unformed feces in 24 hours for minimum 2 days OR
  • 8 unformed feces over 48 hours

    • Age 18 years or older
    • Signed informed consent
    • Able to travel to clinic for follow-up visit and/or adhere to study procedures
    • Agrees to abstain from taking probiotic supplementations for medicinal reasons for the duration of the study and follow-up period. To clarify, dietary intake is acceptable (e.g. non-supplemented yogurt).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Planned participation in another clinical trial
  • Patients with conditions such as neutropenia, graft versus host disease or severe immunocompromise, in whom enemas are contraindicated
  • More than one episode of CDI that has been severe or rapid in onset, resulting in:

    • intensive care unit admission
    • Evidence of active, severe colitis (ie. ongoing diarrhea not responsive to oral vancomycin; hemorrhagic colitis) such that an enema is contraindicated (note that such patients may be eligible once their colitis is under control)
    • Unable to tolerate fecal transplantation procedure for any other reason
    • Hypersensitivity or intolerance to oral vancomycin
    • Patients with underlying chronic gastrointestinal diseases that cause diarrhea, such as:
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Short gut syndrome
    • Severe motility disorders
    • Severe diverticular disease
    • Other chronic diarrhea NYD
    • Unable to record frequency of bowel movements
    • Receiving an investigational medication
    • Planned therapy in the next 120 days that may cause diarrhea (example: chemotherapy)
    • Planned surgery requiring perioperative antibiotics within 120 days
    • Pregnancy
    • Requires the regular use of medications that affect bowel motility before onset of CDI (example: metoclopramide, narcotics, loperamide)
    • Serious bleeding disorder, anticoagulant use that cannot be stopped temporarily for procedure (in consultation with prescribing physician) or serious platelet disorder (platelet counts below 50).
    • Any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would pose a health risk to the subject.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01226992

Contacts
Contact: Mary Jane Salpeter, RN BHA 416 340-4800 ext 8353 mjsalpet@uhnresearch.ca
Contact: Susy Hota, MD FRCP 416 340-4800 ext 7287 susy.hota@uhn.on.ca

Locations
Canada, Ontario
University Health Network Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5N 1Y7
Contact: Mary Jane Salpeter, RN BHA    416 340-4800 ext 8353    mjsalpet@uhnresearch.ca   
Contact: Susy Hota, MD FRCPC    416 340-4800 ext 7287    susy.hota@uhn.on.ca   
Principal Investigator: Susy Hota, MD FRCPC         
Sub-Investigator: Valerie Sales, MD FRCPC         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Susy Hota, MD FRCPC Infectious Disease, Infection Prevention and Control, Epidemiologist
Study Director: Susan Poutanen, MD MPH FRCPC Infectious Disease, Microbiologist
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01226992     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UHN # 08-0440, 9424-U0288/2-25C 124081
Study First Received: October 20, 2010
Last Updated: January 14, 2013
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada
Canada: Ethics Review Committee

Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
Clostridium difficile
Fecal Transplant
Recurrent Diarrhea
Abdominal distension/bloating
Fever

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vancomycin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014