Assessing Cerebral Blood Flow Autoregulation During Surgery in the Head-up Position
Neurological injury after elective shoulder surgery in the beach chair position is thought to result from cerebral hypoperfusion and should therefore be preventable by appropriate hemodynamic monitoring and management. This proposal will use a system to continuously monitor cerebral blood flow autoregulation to identify safe arterial blood pressure targets in patients in the beach chair position, compared with a control cohort having orthopedic surgery in the lateral decubitus supine position. Autoregulation data will be compared against a new, highly specific and sensitive serum biomarker of neurologic injury, glial fibrillary acid protein, and postoperative neurocognitive testing results.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Assessing Cerebral Blood Flow Autoregulation in the Head-up Versus Supine Position During General Anesthesia and Its Relationship With Postoperative Neurocognitive Changes and Serum Biomarkers of Brain Injury|
- cerebral oximetry index between subjects in the head up or supine position during surgery under general anesthesia [ Time Frame: During surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- To compare the range of arterial blood pressure required for a normal cerebral oximetry index between subjects anesthetized in the head up or supine position. [ Time Frame: During surgery ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- To assess the association between impaired cerebral blood flow autoregulation and postoperative neurocognitive decline and elevation of serum glial fibrillary acid protein. [ Time Frame: 1 month after surgery for neurocognitive decline; perioperatively for serum GFAP levels. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Patients undergoing shoulder surgery
This observational study will compare cerebral blood flow autoregulation in patients undergoing surgery in either the supine lateral position or the semi-recumbent or "beach chair" position. The choice of patient positioning is not randomized but based on usual surgical considerations.
Neurologic injury under general anesthesia in the beach chair position is believed to result from cerebral hypoperfusion.1 We hypothesize that brain hypoperfusion in this circumstance is caused by blood pressure monitoring that does not reflect of cerebral perfusion pressure. Maintenance of arterial blood pressure above an individual's lower limit of cerebral blood flow autoregulation would prevent this devastating complication. Near infrared spectroscopy can be used to continuously monitor autoregulation with the cerebral oximetry index (COx), a moving linear correlation coefficient between cortical tissue oxygen saturation and arterial pressure. We hypothesize that subjects in the beach chair position have impaired cerebral blood flow autoregulation compared with subjects undergoing surgery in the lateral decubitus supine position. We will test this hypothesis by comparing CBF autoregulation data, including the percentage of time patients undergoing elective surgery have abnormal autoregulation, in the beach chair position versus supine position. We will establish the range of arterial pressure required to maintain autoregulation in the two groups. Cerebral autoregulation results will be assessed for a relationship with postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction and with serum glial fibrillary acid protein levels, a biomarker of brain injury.
The specific aims of this study are:
- To compare the average cerebral oximetry index and the percentage of time with abnormal COx between subjects in the head up or supine position during surgery under general anesthesia.
- To compare the range of arterial blood pressure required for a normal cerebral oximetry index between subjects anesthetized in the head up or supine position.
- To assess the association between impaired cerebral blood flow autoregulation and postoperative neurocognitive decline 1 month after surgery and perioperative elevation of serum glial fibrillary acid protein.
Monitoring autoregulation non-invasively with COx has the potential to improve patient safety by delineating individualized limits of safe ABP for patients at risk of neurologic injury.
|Contact: Charles W Hogue, Mdfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Michelle Parish, RNemail@example.com|
|United States, Maryland|
|The Johns Hopkins Hospital||Recruiting|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287|
|Contact: Michelle Parish, RN 410-614-0891 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles W Hogue, MD||The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions|