SubCutaneous (SC) Versus Intravenous (IV) Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factors (G-CSF) for the Treatment of Neutropenia in Hospitalized Haemato-oncological Patients

This study has been terminated.
(Significant difference in time to neutrophil recovery (primary outcome). Physycians' refusal to continue the study)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
michal paul, Rabin Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01222819
First received: October 14, 2010
Last updated: February 3, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is frequently used among patients with cancer including those with haematological malignancies.

Filgrastim is a recombinant human CSF whose biological activity is similar to that of endogenous G-CSF.

In the treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia in patients with various types of cancer CSFs significantly reduced the time to neutrophil recovery and length of hospitalization.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Drug: filgrastim
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Subcutaneous (SC) vs. Intravenous (IV) Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factors (G-CSF) for the Treatment of Neutropenia in Hospitalized Haemato-oncological Patients: Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Rabin Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Primary efficacy outcome [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to stable neutrophil recovery, defined as the number of days from start of filgrastim (day 1) until the neutrophil count has reached >500/mcL for 3 consecutive days

  • Primary safety outcome [ Time Frame: 30 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    30-day mortality or documented infection (CDI, MDI, bacteremia or probable/ proven IFI, see definitions below) within the chemotherapy course (before or after neutrophil recovery).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Will include rates of infection, fever days, hospital stay. [ Time Frame: In-hospital ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    • Daily neutrophil, monocyte and total white blood cell count during the first 7 days after randomization
    • Number of days with neutrophil count <500/ mcL
    • Number of febrile days
    • Number of days from randomization until discharge
    • Development of clinically documented infections, microbiologically-documented infections and clinically-significant bloodstream infections, not present at the time of randomization
    • Development of possible, probable and proven fungal infections, not present at the time of randomization.
    • Death from any cause at 30 days and before neutropenia resolution

  • Will include patient's satisfaction, other clinical endpoints and adverse events [ Time Frame: 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    • Complete remission rate
    • Secondary malignancies, including secondary leukemia and solid tumors
    • Overall survival at 30 days
    • Overall survival at end of study period
    • Patient satisfaction, comparing patients groups and within patient (before and after crossover) differences and patients' selection of administration mode after the trial
    • Adverse events: Phlebitis, local pain at injection site.Bone pain.Allergy


Enrollment: 120
Study Start Date: January 2011
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: IV filgrastim
as a single daily dose of 5 mcg/kg (rounded to 300 mcg or 480 mcg) in bolus IV injection, as per manufacturer's recommendations.
Drug: filgrastim
5 mcg/kg (rounded to 300 mcg or 480 mcg)
Other Name: Neupogen
Active Comparator: SC filgrastim
given as a single daily dose of 5 mcg/kg (rounded to 300 mcg or 480 mcg)
Drug: filgrastim
5 mcg/kg (rounded to 300 mcg or 480 mcg)
Other Name: Neupogen

Detailed Description:

Granulocyte colony stimulating factors (G-CSFs) stimulate the proliferation and differentiation of myeloid progenitor cells, improve cell survival and affect some end-cell functions, through binding to G-CSF receptors present on all cells of the neutrophilic granulocyte lineage. Filgrastim (recombinant G-CSF) is frequently used among patients with cancer including those with haematological malignancies. In-vivo studies and studies in healthy people show that SC administration of CSF results in lower peak but more prolonged and stable levels of G-CSF as compared with Intravenous (IV) administration, with similar or higher neutrophil counts. It is safe to assume that IV administration of G-CSFs would be more comfortable to patients when hospitalized, especially during or after chemotherapy when most patients have a central catheter and are thrombocytopenic. However, it is necessary to ensure that the same effects are obtained with both methods of administration.

Objectives: To compare the time to neutropenia resolution with Intravenous (IV) versus Subcutaneous (SC) filgrastim administration among patients with acute leukemia, lymphoma or multiple myeloma in hospital. Secondarily, the investigators aim to assess comparative rates of infection, adverse effects and patients' satisfaction.

Methods: The investigators plan a randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of IV versus SC filgrastim (Neupogen®) given as per clinical indication on neutrophil counts in hospitalized patients. The investigators will include patients hospitalized in haemato-oncology ward starting filgrastim for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The investigators will compare SC vs. IV filgrastim, both given as a single daily dose of 5 mcg/kg (rounded to 300 mcg or 480 mcg). No blinding will be used. Patients will be approached to obtain informed consent and randomized to the mode of filgrastim administration after the decision to administer the drug has been made. Patients will be crossed over to the alternative study arm on the subsequent chemotherapy course, if filgrastim is clinically indicated.

Outcomes:

Primary efficacy: Time to stable neutrophil recovery, defined as the number of days from start of filgrastim (day 1) until the neutrophil count has reached >500/mcL for 3 consecutive days.

Primary safety: 30-day mortality or documented infection (CDI, MDI, bacteremia or probable/ proven IFI, see definitions below) within the chemotherapy course (before or after neutrophil recovery).

Secondary outcomes will include rates of infection, fever days, hospital stay, patient's satisfaction, other clinical endpoints and adverse events.

The investigators will assess the distribution pattern of the time to neutrophil recovery and compare groups using Student's t-test or the Mann-Whitney U test, as appropriate. The investigators will construct Kaplan-Meier curves for time to neutrophil recovery and compare treatment arms using a two-tailed log rank test. Dichotomous outcomes will be compared using a chi-square test. A sample of 96 patients with AML (48 in each group) was calculated to demonstrate equivalence allowing a 2-day difference between treatment arms (power of 90%, alpha 0.05).

Interim analysis and stopping rules: We will conduct interim analyses for safety assessment after every 50 patients recruited. Stopping rules will be based on the primary safety outcome (p<0.1 for stopping) and deaths alone (p<0.2 for stopping).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 90 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients hospitalized in haemato-oncology ward starting filgrastim for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia.
  • Will include patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), aggressive lymphoma or multiple myeloma.
  • Will include both patients with or without a documented infection at the time of CSF initiation. Initiation of filgrastim treatment will follow the 2006 ASCO guidelines (departmental routines).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The investigators will exclude patients receiving CSFs for their primary disease (e.g. aplastic anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes) and pregnant women.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01222819

Locations
Israel
Rabin Medical Center; Beilinson Hospital and Davidoff Cancer Center
Petah Tikva, Israel, 49100
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rabin Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mical Paul, M.D. Rabin Medical Center
Principal Investigator: Pia Raanani, M.D. Rabin Medical Center
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: michal paul, Dr., Rabin Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01222819     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5981
Study First Received: October 14, 2010
Last Updated: February 3, 2013
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Rabin Medical Center:
Febrile neutropenia
growth factors
leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Neutropenia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Agranulocytosis
Leukopenia
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Lenograstim
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014