Paricalcitol in Reducing Parathyroid Hormone Levels and Ameliorating Markers of Bone Remodelling in Renal Transplant Recipients With Secondary Hyperparathyroidism (APPLE)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01220050
First received: October 11, 2010
Last updated: February 21, 2013
Last verified: February 2013
  Purpose

The risk of fracture for kidney transplant recipients is 4 times higher that of the general population. The hyperparathyroidism plays a key role in the maintenance or development of post-transplant alterations of bone remodelling.

Renal transplant patients are at high risk of hyperparathyroidism, largely because of long-lasting renal insufficiency before transplant, and of progressive deterioration of kidney function because of chronic allograft nephropathy (a disease of proteinuria and progressive decline of the glomerular filtration rate).In hemodialysis patients, intravenous paricalcitol (19-nor-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2), a new vitamin D analogue, achieves a faster and more effective normalization of parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels than calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3), an effect that is associated with smaller changes in serum calcium and phosphorus levels.

Whether oral paricalcitol may help achieving a prompt reduction in serum PTH levels and, secondarily, in urinary protein excretion in renal transplant recipients with secondary hyperparathyroidism is worth investigating.


Condition Intervention Phase
Renal Transplant
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism
Drug: Paricalcitol
Drug: Standard therapy
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PROSPECTIVE, PILOT, CROSS-OVER STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFICACY OF PARICALCITOL IN REDUCING PARATHYROID HORMONE LEVELS AND AMELIORATING MARKERS OF BONE REMODELLING IN RENAL TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS WITH SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • PTH reduction during the 6 months of paricalcitol therapy (during both treatment periods) compared to the change in PTH levels during the corresponding 6 months without paricalcitol therapy. [ Time Frame: Every three months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Measurement of osteocalcin. [ Time Frame: Baseline and then every three months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Measurement of bone alkaline phosphatase. [ Time Frame: Baseline and then every three months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Measurement of urinary deoxypyridinoline. [ Time Frame: Baseline and then every three months. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Bone mineral density (by MOC). [ Time Frame: At baseline and at the end of both treatment periods. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 43
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: February 2013
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Paricalcitol Drug: Paricalcitol
Paricalcitol capsules 1- 2 mcg/day/pts for 26 weeks
Active Comparator: Standard therapy Drug: Standard therapy
Standard therapy for hyperparathyroidism for 26 weeks

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND The risk of fracture for kidney transplant recipients is 4 times higher that of the general population. The pathogenesis of post-transplant bone disease is multifactorial, but hyperparathyroidism plays a key role in the maintenance or development of post-transplant alterations of bone remodelling. Vitamin D and its analogues are key components of treatment aimed to prevent or ameliorate secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In hemodialysis patients, intravenous paricalcitol (19-nor-1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D2), a new vitamin D analogue, achieves a faster and more effective normalization of parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels than calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3), an effect that is associated with smaller changes in serum calcium and phosphorus levels. Preliminary evidence is also available that in pre-dialysis patients with CKD and secondary hyperparathyroidism, treatment with oral paricalcitol may also reduce urinary protein excretion, an effect that is independent of concomitant treatment with agents that block the renin-angiotensin system and that in the long-term might translate into slower progression to end stage kidney disease and need for renal replacement therapy.

Renal transplant patients are at high risk of hyperparathyroidism, largely because of long-lasting renal insufficiency before transplant, and of progressive deterioration of kidney function because of chronic allograft nephropathy (a disease of proteinuria and progressive decline of the glomerular filtration rate). Whether oral paricalcitol may help achieving a prompt reduction in serum PTH levels and, secondarily, in urinary protein excretion in renal transplant recipients with secondary hyperparathyroidism is worth investigating.

AIMS Primary To evaluate whether 6-months treatment with paricalcitol may achieve a prompt and effective reduction in PTH serum levels in stable renal transplant patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism.

DESIGN This will be a Prospective, Randomized, Open label, Cross-over study of 6-months with Paricalcitol or standard treatment for hyperparathyroidism.

After one month wash-out from any form of Vitamin D therapy, patients satisfying the inclusion/exclusion criteria will be randomized to two treatment arms:

  1. Paricalcitol capsules 1- 2 mcg/day/pts for 26 weeks
  2. Standard therapy for hyperparathyroidism for 26 weeks At the end of the first treatment period with Paricalcitol or Standard therapy each patient will cross-over to the other treatment.

After baseline evaluation eligible patients will enter a 6 months treatment period whit oral paricalcitol (1-2 mcg/day), or standard treatment for hyperparathyroidism, added-on background therapy whit calcium and phosphate supplementation as deemed clinically appropriate.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females >18 years old
  • Renal transplant recipients with persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism
  • PTH persistently >80 pg/mL up 2 month post transplant (stable or progressively increasing PTH levels)
  • No ongoing therapy with Vitamin D
  • Patients on maintenance therapy with calcineurin inhibitors and Mycophenolate Mofetil or Azathioprine
  • Serum creatinine < 2mg/dL
  • Patients legally able to give written informed consent to the trial (signed and dated by the patient)
  • Written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concomitant administration of other forms of Vitamin D (different from paricalcitol)
  • PTH< 80 pg/ml
  • Serum Ca> 10,2 mg/dL
  • Clinically serious condition
  • History of malignancy
  • Evidence of active hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus or human acquired immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Specific contraindications or history of hypersensitivity to the study drugs;
  • Previous history of allergy or intolerance, or evidence of immunologically-mediated renal disease, systemic diseases, cancer
  • Drug or alcohol abuse
  • Any chronic clinical conditions that may affect completion of the trial or confound data interpretation
  • Pregnancy or lactating
  • Women of childbearing potential without following a scientifically accepted form of contraception
  • Legal incapacity
  • Evidence of an uncooperative attitude
  • Any evidence that patient will not be able to complete the trial follow-up.
  • Previous diagnosis of: intellectual disability/mental retardation, dementia, schizophrenia.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01220050

Locations
Italy
Mario Negri Institute - Clinical Research Center for Rare Diseases
Ranica, Bergamo, Italy, 24020
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01220050     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: APPLE, 2008-006380-36
Study First Received: October 11, 2010
Last Updated: February 21, 2013
Health Authority: Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research:
Paricalcitol
Renal transplant
Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary
Parathyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Ergocalciferols
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014