Safety and Tolerability Study for the Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine V114 Versus Prevnar™ (V114-001 EXT1)(COMPLETED)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01215175
First received: October 4, 2010
Last updated: September 10, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

This study is being conducted to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of 15-valent Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (V114) compared to Prevnar™ in healthy adults and toddlers.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pneumococcal Vaccines
Biological: Adults-Adjuvanted V114
Biological: Adults-Prevnar™
Biological: Toddlers-Adjuvanted V114
Biological: Toddlers-Non-adjuvanted V114
Biological: Toddlers-Prevnar™
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Multicenter, Double-Blind Study of the Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (V114) Compared to Prevnar™ in Healthy Adults and Toddlers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of adult participants reporting adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Number of toddler participants reporting adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Immunogenicity response to the serotypes contained in V114 in both adult and toddler participants [ Time Frame: Baseline and 30 days post-vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: January 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Adults-Adjuvanted V114
V114, aluminum-adjuvanted single intramuscular (IM) 0.5 mL injection
Biological: Adults-Adjuvanted V114
V114 vaccine, aluminum-adjuvanted, in adults
Active Comparator: Adults-Prevnar™
Prevnar™, single intramuscular (IM) 0.5 mL injection
Biological: Adults-Prevnar™
Prevnar™ vaccine in adults
Experimental: Toddlers-Adjuvanted V114
V114, aluminum-adjuvanted single intramuscular (IM) 0.5 mL injection
Biological: Toddlers-Adjuvanted V114
V114 vaccine, aluminum-adjuvanted, in toddlers
Experimental: Toddlers-Non-adjuvanted V114
V114, non-adjuvanted single intramuscular (IM) 0.5 mL injection
Biological: Toddlers-Non-adjuvanted V114
V114 vaccine, non-adjuvanted, in toddlers
Active Comparator: Toddlers-Prevnar™
Prevnar™, single intramuscular (IM) 0.5 mL injection
Biological: Toddlers-Prevnar™
Prevnar™ vaccine in toddlers

Detailed Description:

The study was extended to obtain additional sera from adult participants to support further development, validation, and performance of anti-pneumococcal antibody assays.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months to 45 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

Adult Stage:

  • Adults ≥18 to 45 years of age in good health.
  • Signed and dated informed consent prior to receipt of vaccine.
  • Afebrile (<100.4°F [<38.0°C] oral or equivalent) on day of vaccination.
  • Participant is able to read, understand, and complete study questionnaires (i.e., the Vaccine Report Card).
  • Participant is able to attend all scheduled visits and to comply with the study procedures.
  • Participant has access to a telephone.
  • Females must have a negative urine pregnancy test.

Toddler Stage:

  • Healthy toddlers, 12-15 months of age who have previously completed a documented full 3 dose infant series of Prevnar™ at 2, 4, and 6 months of age.
  • Participant's parent/legal guardian understands the study procedures, alternate treatments available and risks involved with the study, and voluntarily agrees to participate by giving written informed consent.
  • Afebrile, with a rectal temperature <38.1°C (<100.5°F) or axillary temperature <37.8°C (<100.0°F) on day of vaccination.
  • Participant's parent/legal guardian is able to read, understand, and complete study questionnaires (i.e., the Vaccination Report Card).
  • Participant is able to attend all scheduled visits and to comply with the study procedures.
  • Participant's parent/legal guardian has access to a telephone.

Exclusion criteria:

Adult Stage:

  • Receipt of any pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine at any time or receipt of polysaccharide conjugate vaccine after the second year of life.
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
  • Known or suspected immunocompromised persons, including persons with congenital immunodeficiency, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, leukemia, lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, generalized malignancy, chronic renal failure (most recent serum creatinine values in medical record ≥3 mg/dL), nephritic syndrome, or other conditions associated with immunosuppression such as organ or bone marrow transplant.
  • Functional or anatomic asplenia.
  • History of autoimmune disease including multiple sclerosis (MS), systemic lupus, polymyositis, inclusion body myositis, dermatomyositis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Sjogren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, other autoimmune disorders.
  • History of chronic fatigue syndrome.
  • Known neurologic or cognitive behavioral disorders including multiple sclerosis (MS), MS-like disease, encephalitis/myelitis, acute disseminating encephalomyelitis (ADEM), pervasive developmental disorder, and related disorders.
  • Participant has a coagulation disorder contraindicating IM vaccination.
  • Use of any immunosuppressive therapy (Note: topical and inhaled/nebulized steroids are permitted). Participants on corticosteroids should be excluded if they are receiving or are expected to receive, in the period from 30 days prior to Visit 1 through Visit 2, systemic doses greater than required for physiological replacement, i.e., >5 mg of prednisone (or equivalent) daily and for >2 weeks. Excluded immunosuppressive therapies also include chemotherapeutic agents used to treat cancer or other conditions, and treatments associated with organ or bone marrow transplantation, or autoimmune disease.
  • Any underlying illness that would complicate evaluation and completion of this study.
  • Any licensed non-live virus vaccine administered within the 14 days prior to receipt of study vaccine or is scheduled to receive any other licensed vaccine within 30 days following receipt of study vaccine. (Exception: Inactivated influenza vaccine may be administered during the study, but must be given at least 7 days prior to receipt of the study vaccine or at least 15 days after receipt of the study vaccine.)
  • Participant has received a licensed live virus vaccine within 30 days prior of receipt of study vaccine or is scheduled to receive vaccination with a licensed live virus vaccine within 30 days of receipt of study vaccine.
  • Participant has received diphtheria toxoid within 6 months prior to receipt of study vaccine.
  • Prior receipt of a blood transfusion or blood products including immune globulin administered within the 6 months before receipt of study vaccine.
  • Investigational drugs or vaccines received within the 2 months before receipt of study vaccine.
  • Participation in another clinical study within 42 days before the beginning or anytime during the duration of the current clinical study.
  • Recent hospitalization for acute illness within the 3 months before receipt of study vaccine.
  • History of invasive pneumococcal disease (positive blood culture, positive cerebrospinal fluid culture, or other sterile site) or known history of other culture positive pneumococcal disease.
  • History of febrile illness (≥100.40 F [≥38.00 C] oral or equivalent) occurring within 72 hours before receipt of study vaccine.
  • Participant is pregnant or breastfeeding or expecting to conceive within the projected duration of the study. Female participants of reproductive potential must have been using 2 acceptable methods of birth control for 2 weeks prior to enrollment, and agree to use 2 acceptable methods of birth control for 1 month after vaccination. (Acceptable methods of birth control include use of hormonal contraceptives, intrauterine device (IUD), diaphragm with spermicide, contraceptive sponge, tubal ligation, condoms, or abstinence).
  • Any participant who cannot be adequately followed for safety according to the protocol plan.
  • Participant is unlikely to adhere to study procedures, keep appointments, or is planning to relocate during the study.
  • Any other reason that in the opinion of the investigator may interfere with the evaluation required by the study.

Toddler Stage:

  • Have received less than the full 3-dose infant series of Prevnar™ or 3rd dose less than 2 months before study vaccine.
  • Known hypersensitivity to any component of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.
  • Known or suspected impairment of immunological function.
  • Participant has a history of congenital or acquired immunodeficiency (e.g., splenomegaly).
  • Participant or his/her mother has documented HIV infection.
  • Functional or anatomic asplenia.
  • History of autoimmune disease including multiple sclerosis (MS), systemic lupus, polymyositis, inclusion body myositis, dermatomyositis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, Sjogren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, other autoimmune disorders.
  • Known neurologic or cognitive behavioral disorders including multiple sclerosis (MS), MS-like disease, encephalitis/myelitis, acute disseminating encephalomyelitis, pervasive developmental disorder, and related disorders.
  • Receipt of intramuscular, oral, or intravenous corticosteroid treatment within the 2 weeks prior to vaccination. (Note: Toddlers on topical and inhaled/nebulized steroids may participate in the study.) Use of systemic steroids are only permitted when the participant is receiving less than 2 mg/kg per day of prednisone (or its equivalent), or less than 20 mg/d if they weigh more than 10 kg and are not otherwise immunocompromised.
  • Participant has received other licensed non-live vaccines administered within the 14 days before receipt of study vaccine.
  • Participant has received a licensed live virus vaccine within 30 days prior of receipt of study vaccine (Exception: Influenza virus vaccine given according to recommended guidelines within 7 days of receiving study vaccine).
  • Prior receipt of a blood transfusion or blood products, including immunoglobulins.
  • Investigational drugs or vaccines received within the 2 months before receipt of study vaccine.
  • Participation in another clinical study within 42 days before the beginning or anytime during the duration of the current clinical study.
  • History of invasive pneumococcal disease (positive blood culture, positive cerebrospinal fluid culture, or other sterile site) or known history of other culture positive pneumococcal disease.
  • A recent (<72 hours) febrile illness (rectal temperature ≥38.1°C [≥100.5°F]) occurring within 48 hours before receipt of study vaccine.
  • History of failure to thrive.
  • Participant has a coagulation disorder contraindicating IM vaccination.
  • Participant and his/her mother is documented hepatitis B surface antigen-positive.
  • Any toddler who cannot be adequately followed for safety according to the protocol plan.
  • Participant's parent/legal guardian is unlikely to adhere to study procedures, keep appointments, or is planning to relocate during the study.
  • Any other reason that in the opinion of the investigator may interfere with the evaluation required by the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01215175     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: V114-001
Study First Received: October 4, 2010
Last Updated: September 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Pneumococcal disease

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014