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Study of Carfilzomib in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL), Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL) or Prolymphocytic Leukemia (PLL)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Onyx Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jennifer Woyach, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01212380
First received: September 10, 2010
Last updated: April 9, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE:

Carfilzomib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

PURPOSE:

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and the best dose of carfilzomib in treating patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL),small lymphocytic lymphoma(SLL), or prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL).


Condition Intervention Phase
B-cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Hematopoietic/Lymphoid Cancer
Prolymphocytic Leukemia
Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Drug: carfilzomib
Other: Cytokine Assessment
Other: Pharmacodynamic Studies
Other: Proteosome Inhibition Assessment
Other: Pharmacogenomic Studies
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Carfilzomib in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL)/Prolymphocytic Leukemia (PLL)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine safety of carfilzomib by evaluating the toxicity profile. [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    The safe use of carfilzomib will be assessed by:

    • Determining the dose limiting toxicity and maximal tolerated dose of carfilzomib in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL) and prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL)
    • To evaluating the toxicity profile of carfilzomib in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL) and prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL)


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To evaluate the efficacy of Carfilzomib therapy in relapsed or refractory chromic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL)/prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Efficacy of this therapy is evaluated by:

    • Determining the degree and duration of cellular proteosome inhibition and relationship to pharmacodynamic (PD), response and toxicity.
    • Determining the pharmacokinetics(plasma and cellular)of carfilzomib and relationship to proteosome inhibition, PD, response and toxicity.
    • Examining the effect of carfilzomib on PD parameters, changes in downstream targets including NFkB (p50/p65 binding;IkB level, P-IkB level, select target genes), p53 (p53 nuclear levels, p53 nuclear binding, and select target genes), ER stress proteins, and p73


Estimated Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
Patients receive carfilzomib IV over 30 minutes once daily on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.Performance of pharmacology, pharmacodynamic and pharmacogenomic studies allow assessment of carfilzomib mechanism of action and also to understand how the variability of these different features correlate with clinical benefit/response and also toxicity.
Drug: carfilzomib
Given IV infusion lasting 30 minutes. Will be administered IV at a specified dose in mg/m2 QDx2 weekly for 3 weeks (days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16). The first and second dose will always be administered at 20 mg/m2.
Other Name: PR-171
Other: Cytokine Assessment
TNF-α,IFN-γ,IL-6,IL-8,IL-10,and IL-1β pre-dose, completion, 30 minutes, 2 hours, 6 hours, and approximately 24 hours from initiation of therapy on days 1 and 8 of treatment. These will be assessed utilizing standard ELISA or flow cytometry methodology. Other cytokines or soluble factors may be assessed that relate to drug toxicity or response. After 6 patients are examined in each group, the time points or number of cytokines examined may be changed to decrease time points examined. Cytokines will be examined by a multiplex flow cytometry assay or ELISA. Other cytokines, chemokines, or soluble factors may be assessed on residual material not used for these studies.
Other Name: correlative studies
Other: Pharmacodynamic Studies
Based upon our preliminary data changes occuring in vivo during carfilzomib treatment will be determined and if their occurrence correlates with both clinical response and development of cytokine release. These studies will be performed from CD19 selected CLL cells at screening, pre-treatment, 4 hours, and 24 hours post-therapy on days 1 and 8 of treatment; end of therapy evaluation, and at time of relapse (in responding patients). These studies will include assessment of NF-κB (p50/p65 binding; I-κB level, P-I-κB level, select target genes), p53 (p53 nuclear levels, p53 nuclear binding, and select target genes), p73, and ER stress response. Standard Western Blot, EMSA, RT-PCR will be done to complete these studies.
Other Name: correlative studies
Other: Proteosome Inhibition Assessment
Proteosome inhibition on CLL cells will be examined at screening, pre-treatment and post-treatment (immediately after completion of drug) days 1, pre-treatment day 2, day 3 (optional), day 5 (optional),pre and post-treatment days 8, pre and post-treatment days 9, day 10 (optional),day 12 (optional), and day 15 (optional).
Other Name: pharmacological studies
Other: Pharmacogenomic Studies
Germ line DNA from a buccal swab and bone marrow fibroblasts will be obtained at baseline screening for possible examination of SNP polymorphisms that may correlate with response and toxicity to carfilzomib therapy. Tumor DNA will be derived from samples obtained at baseline for the p53 mutational studies. SNPs related to drug metabolism, response, or toxicity to therapy, cytokine release, and tumor biology may be examined. Other SNPs may be used in the future. Given the potential for contamination in the recipient, recipient DNA from a buccal swab and/or saliva will be obtained at baseline screening for examination of SNP polymorphisms that may correlate with response, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics.
Other Name: correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) and maximal tolerated dose (MTD) of carfilzomib in patients with relapsed or refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia(CLL) / Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (SLL) and Prolymphocytic Leukemia (PLL).

II. To evaluate the safety and toxicity profile of carfilzomib in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL)/prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate efficacy of carfilzomib therapy in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic leukemia (SLL)/prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) to justify future phase II studies.

II. To determine the degree and duration of cellular proteosome inhibition induced by carfilzomib and relationship of this to pharmacodynamics, response and toxicity.

III. To determine the pharmacokinetics (plasma and cellular) of carfilzomib and relationship of this to proteosome inhibition, pharmacodynamics, response, and toxicity.IV. To examine the effect of carfilzomib on pharmacodynamic parameters including cytokines, changes in downstream targets including NF-kappa B (p50/p65 binding; I-kappa B level, P-I-kappa B level,select target genes), p53 (p53 nuclear levels, p53 nuclear binding, and select target genes), ER stress proteins, and p73.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of carfilzomib.Patients receiving carfilzomib intra-venous(IV) over 30 minutes once daily, on days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and 16. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Previously treated patients with a diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), or prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) by NCI Criteria with intermediate or high risk B-Cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)(Modified Rai stage) satisfying at least one of the criteria for active disease requiring treatment;patients with a history of Richter's transformation are eligible if they now have evidence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) only, with < 10% large cells in the bone marrow
  • Massive or progressive splenomegaly and/or lymphadenopathy; or need for cytoreduction for stem cell transplant
  • Anemia (hemoglobin < 11 g/dl) or thrombocytopenia (platelets < 100 x 10^9/L)
  • Presence of weight loss > 10% over the preceding 6 month period
  • NCI grade 2 or 3 fatigue
  • Fevers > 100.5 °C or night sweats for greater than 2 weeks without evidence of infection
  • Progressive lymphocytosis with an increase of > 50% over a 2 month period or an anticipated doubling time of less than 6 months
  • Creatinine Clearance (CrCl) > 15mL/min
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3X upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin =< 2 times the upper limit of normal, unless disease related
  • Platelets >= 20 x 10^9/L and absence of active bleeding
  • Patients must have an ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) performance status =< 2
  • Patients must not have secondary cancers that result in a life expectancy of <2 years or that would confound assessment of toxicity in this study
  • Patients of all racial/ethnic groups are eligible for the study if they meet eligibility criteria outlined-
  • Patients must provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Absence of previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
  • Female subject that is pregnant or breastfeeding; women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior to study entry, duration of study participation,and 30 days following study completion; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately;confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum -human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening; pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women
  • Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF)in whom pre-treatment hydration would be prohibitive;New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III/IV CHF is excluded
  • Patients who have had treatment for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) within 2 weeks, although palliative steroids are acceptable
  • Patient unable to give written informed consent
  • Failure to recover from toxicity of previous radiotherapy or chemotherapy to grade 1
  • Patients with active infections requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotic/antiviral therapy are not eligible for entry onto the study until resolution of the infection; patients on prophylactic antibiotics or antivirals are acceptable
  • Patients who have previously taken bortezomib
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01212380

Locations
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Onyx Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Woyach, MD Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Jennifer Woyach, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01212380     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-09108, NCI-2010-01884
Study First Received: September 10, 2010
Last Updated: April 9, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Prolymphocytic Leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Prolymphocytic
Lymphoma
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014