Do Selective Radiation Dose Escalation and Tumour Hypoxia Status Impact the Locoregional Tumour Control After Radiochemotherapy of Head & Neck Tumours? (Escalox)

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2013 by Technische Universität München
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Technische Universität München
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01212354
First received: September 29, 2010
Last updated: November 27, 2013
Last verified: November 2013
  Purpose

The major clinical problem and predominant cause of death after radio-oncological treatment of H+N cancers are loco-regional relapses. This randomized trial tests the hypothesis that dose escalated Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy (IMRT) selectively applied to the macroscopic primary tumor and involved neck nodes - which both in 80% - are hypoxic improves loco-regional control by at least 15% at 2 years. IMRT is combined with concurrent Cis-Platin chemotherapy. Tumor volume which correlates with number of malignant cells as well as tumor hypoxia are important biological parameters which increase radio-resistance, failure of local control and tumor progression. Basing on data of experimental and clinical radiation oncology we consider hypoxia as a useful parameter for pre-therapeutic strati-fication in future randomized radio-chemotherapy trials.

In addition, hypoxia imaging by PET can be used for testing the significance of selective dose escalation on hypoxic tumor sub-volumes ("Dose Painting").

As a prerequisite for such innovative studies addressing hypoxia the translational part investigates the following key issues: correlation between the size of total tumor volume (primary, lymph nodes) and hypoxic sub-volume, the spatial shift of the hypoxic sub-volume before start of treatment and the correlation of loco-regional control and hypoxia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer
Radiation: Radiotherapy with linear accelerators
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase III A Prospective, Randomized, Rater-blinded, Multicentre Interventional Clinical Trial. Do Selective Radiation Dose Escalation and Tumour Hypoxia Status Impact the Locoregional Tumour Control After Radiochemotherapy of Head & Neck Tumours?

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Technische Universität München:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • 2 year-loco-regional control [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Time to progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Distant metastases (DM) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Acute and late toxicity esp. concerning salivary glands [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Quality of life (EORTC QoL-C30, H&N 35) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Adverse effects according to NCI CTC-AE (VERSION 4.0/ 10/1/2010) and LENT-SOMA [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • FMISO PET/CT: Reproducibility and correlation with treatment coutcome [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 250
Study Start Date: June 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A - experimental
7 weeks standard radio-chemotherapy with 20 mg/m²/d Cisplatin in week 1 and 5 including simultaneous radiation dose escalation (5x2.3 Gy per week up to 80.5 Gy total dose) to the primary tumour and involved neck nodes ≥ 2 cm. The Dose Escalated tumour Volume (DEVPT) is defined by the macroscopic (Gross) primary Tumour Volume (GTVPT) minus a 3 mm margin at organs at risk or at mucosal sites to reduce the risk of high dose deposition at the surrounding normal tissue. All involved lymph nodes visualized by CT with a minimal diameter of 2 cm are also included for dose escalation (DEVLN). The DEVLN of the lymph nodes > 2 cm is determined by the involved lymph node volume (GTVLN) minus a margin of 3 mm at organs at risk or mucosal sites. The 3 mm margin as well as the part of the target volume with suspected microscopic tumor extension receives 2 Gy per fraction.
Radiation: Radiotherapy with linear accelerators
Other Name: IMRT-SIB
Active Comparator: B - control
7 weeks standard radio-chemotherapy with 5x2.0 Gy per week up to a total dose of 70 Gy and 20 mg/m²/d Cisplatin in week 1 and 5.
Radiation: Radiotherapy with linear accelerators
Other Name: IMRT-SIB

Detailed Description:

The study is a multicenter phase III randomized trial on the effect of dose escalated radiotherapy with concomitant chemotherapy to treat local advanced head and neck cancer. The study compares two treatment arms:

Experimental intervention (group A): 7 weeks standard radio-chemotherapy with 20 mg/m²/d Cisplatin in week 1 and 5 including simultaneous radiation dose escalation (5x2.3 Gy per week up to 80.5 Gy total dose) to the primary tumour and involved neck nodes ≥ 2 cm.

The Dose Escalated tumour Volume (DEVPT) is defined by the macroscopic (Gross) primary Tumour Volume (GTVPT) minus a 3 mm margin at organs at risk or at mucosal sites to reduce the risk of high dose deposition at the surrounding normal tissue. All involved lymph nodes visualized by CT with a minimal diameter of 2 cm are also included for dose escalation (DEVLN). The DEVLN of the lymph nodes > 2 cm is determined by the involved lymph node volume (GTVLN) minus a margin of 3 mm at organs at risk or mucosal sites. The 3 mm margin as well as the part of the target volume with suspected microscopic tumor extension receives 2 Gy per fraction.

Control intervention (group B): 7 weeks standard radio-chemotherapy with 5x2.0 Gy per week up to a total dose of 70 Gy and 20 mg/m²/d Cisplatin in week 1 and 5.

In group A and B: The treatment of the elective cervical lymphatic areas is given in the same session as the GTV but with a single dose of 1.6 Gy up to 56 Gy (so called simultaneous integrated boost concept).

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed written informed consent
  • Age ≥ 18 ≤ 70 years
  • Independent of gender
  • Independent of race
  • ECOG 0 - 2
  • Tumor of oral cavity, oropharynx or hypopharynx
  • Histology: squamous cell carcinoma
  • Curative treatment intended
  • Tumor is classified as irresectable (see Appendix)
  • Woman of child-bearing age: negative pregnancy test in serum
  • Contraception in male and female patients and their partners if of childbearing potential, willingness to use effective contraceptive method for the study duration and 2 months post therapy
  • Sufficient bone marrow reserves during 7 days before study inclusion; (leukocytes ≥ 4 x 109/l, absolute no. of neutrophiles (ANC) ≥ 2 x 109/; thrombocyte count ≥ 100 x 109/l; Hemoglobin ≥ 10g/dl)
  • adequate liver function during 7 days before study inclusion (total bilirubine ≤ 2,5 x ULN (upper limit of normal), ASAT/ ALAT ≤ 2,5 x ULN, alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2,5 x ULN of the institution's normal value)
  • adequate kidney function during 7 days before study inclusion; serum creatinine ≤ 130 μmol/l; creatinine clearance ≥ 70 ml/min
  • all patients should have a dental examination before starting therapy and when necessary be treated, adaptation of a teeth protection bar
  • a percutane feeding tube should be applied before start of treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Infiltration of the mandible and / or larynx
  • impaired renal and/ or liver function
  • secondary malignancy, unknown primary cancer, nasopharynx cancer or salivary gland cancers
  • Metastatic disease
  • Another cancer within 5 years of study entry
  • Serious concomitant disease or medical condition
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Women of child-bearing potential with unclear contraception (post menopausal women must have been amenorrheal for at least 12 months to be considered of non-childbearing potential)
  • previous treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery in head and neck (except an excisional biopsy or biopsy for histology)
  • concurrent treatment with other experimental drugs or participation in another clinical trial with any investigational drug within 30 days prior to study screening
  • life expectancy of < 12 months
  • contraindications to receive Cisplatin
  • social situations that limit compliance with study requirements
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01212354

Contacts
Contact: Elisabeth Lindner-Pöppl +49 (0)89-4140 ext 6328 Eli.lindner@lrz.tum.de

Locations
Germany
Klinik für Strahlentherapie und Radiologische Onkologie Not yet recruiting
Munich, Bavaria, Germany, 81675
Contact: Steffi U. Pigorsch, Dr. med.    +49 (0)89-4140 ext -5611    steffi.pigorsch@lrz.tum.de   
Contact: Elisabeth Lindner-Pöppl    +49 (0)89-4140 ext -6328    Eli.lindner@lrz.tum.de   
Sub-Investigator: Steffi U. Pigorsch, Dr. med.         
Principal Investigator: Michael Molls, Prof. Dr.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Technische Universität München
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Michael Molls, Prof. Dr. Klinik für Strahlentherapie und Radiologische Onkologie, Klinikum rechts der Isar der TU München Ismaningerstr. 22; 81675 Munich, Germany
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Technische Universität München
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01212354     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ESC-928-MOL-0000-I
Study First Received: September 29, 2010
Last Updated: November 27, 2013
Health Authority: Germany: Bundesinstitut für Arzneimittel und Medizinprodukte
Germany: Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz

Keywords provided by Technische Universität München:
intensity modulated radiotherapy
selective dose escalation
hypoxia
head cancer
neck cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Anoxia
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014